Af­ter pa­tient deaths, failed part­ner­ships and a stock scan­dal, Han­mi fi­nal­ly gives up on con­tro­ver­sial ol­mu­tinib. What did we learn?

The ol­mu­tinib de­vel­op­ment pro­gram is fi­nal­ly dead.

South Ko­rea’s Han­mi has de­ter­mined that the drug —  once part­nered with Boehringer In­gel­heim and Zai Lab — is no longer com­mer­cial­ly vi­able. The drug was seen as more or less equiv­a­lent to As­traZeneca’s Tagris­so, ac­cord­ing to Han­mi. So they’ve opt­ed to punt the late-stage tri­al and shelve it once and for all.

“We will thor­ough­ly re­view the plan, putting pa­tients’ safe­ty first and fore­most,” Ko­rea’s health min­istry said in a state­ment, ac­cord­ing to Ko­rea Bio­med­ical Re­view. “We will al­so do our ut­most to make sure that pa­tients who are tak­ing the med­ica­tion will not face any dif­fi­cul­ty in their treat­ment.”

This is like­ly the fi­nal chap­ter for a drug that has re­peat­ed­ly stirred con­tro­ver­sy in Ko­rea. 

The tale goes back to Ju­ly, 2015, when a pa­tient in one of its ol­mu­tinib stud­ies died from Stevens-John­son dis­ease. Ac­cord­ing to sub­se­quent me­dia re­ports out of Ko­rea — not an easy place to ob­tain in­fo on cas­es like this — Han­mi was cit­ed for not re­port­ing the death un­til 14 months lat­er. Ac­cord­ing to Han­mi, they on­ly found out about it in Sep­tem­ber, 2016 — four months af­ter it was ap­proved in South Ko­rea. 

The con­tro­ver­sy was stirred by re­ports of heavy in­sid­er trad­ing on Han­mi shares just be­fore the news hit, and the op­po­si­tion par­ty lev­eled a va­ri­ety of ac­cu­sa­tions against Han­mi, ac­cus­ing the com­pa­ny of hid­ing ad­verse events — which re­port­ed­ly al­so claimed an­oth­er life — so that it could get the drug ap­proved first un­der an ac­cel­er­at­ed ac­tion pro­gram.

Boehringer In­gel­heim, which had signed a $730 mil­lion deal to part­ner on the drug, ex­it­ed just ahead of the in­ci­dent, with­out breath­ing a word of any safe­ty is­sues in its ini­tial state­ment. At the time, the com­pa­ny said the de­ci­sion was spurred by a “re-eval­u­a­tion of all avail­able clin­i­cal da­ta on ol­mu­tinib and re­cent treat­ment ad­vances made in the treat­ment of EGFR mu­ta­tion-pos­i­tive lung can­cer.” Boehringer lat­er told me that they knew of “two cas­es of tox­ic epi­der­mal necrol­y­sis, one of them fa­tal, and one case of Stevens-John­son-Syn­drome (non-fa­tal).” Com­pa­ny me­dia reps told me that they had done every­thing re­quired in alert­ing the prop­er reg­u­la­to­ry of­fi­cials.

Zai Lab did a deal for rights in Chi­na, but bowed out at the be­gin­ning of this month.

The sto­ry rais­es some un­com­fort­able ques­tions for the bio­phar­ma in­dus­try. De­vel­op­ers have re­peat­ed­ly hid­den deaths and oth­er se­ri­ous ad­verse events in their clin­i­cal tri­als from the pub­lic, sat­is­fied that they’ve met the let­ter of the law in alert­ing share­hold­ers, reg­u­la­tors and the tri­al sites where they work. As the de­vel­op­ment ef­fort goes glob­al, with a surge of hun­dreds of stud­ies in Asia, the lines around pub­lic ad­verse event re­port­ing gen­er­al­ly al­low pri­vate com­pa­nies to re­main mum — even though the in­for­ma­tion could be rel­e­vant to oth­er re­searchers, pa­tients and com­pa­nies study­ing sim­i­lar drugs. Han­mi, and more point­ed­ly a big de­vel­op­er like the pri­vate Boehringer, of­fers a case book ex­am­ple of how that can blow up. 

But there’s no sign that any of this is chang­ing, as re­cent ex­am­ples at Sol­id Bio and Unum il­lus­trate.

It’s fi­nal­ly over: Bio­gen, Ei­sai scrap big Alzheimer’s PhI­I­Is af­ter a pre­dictable BACE cat­a­stro­phe rais­es safe­ty fears

Months after analysts and investors called on Biogen and Eisai to scrap their BACE drug for Alzheimer’s and move on in the wake of a string of late-stage failures and rising safety fears, the partners have called it quits. And they said they were dropping the drug — elenbecestat — after the independent monitoring board raised concerns about…safety.

We don’t know exactly what researchers found in this latest catastrophe, but the companies noted in their release that investigators had determined that the drug was flunking the risk/benefit analysis.

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Lisa M. DeAngelis, MSKCC

MSK picks brain can­cer ex­pert Lisa DeAn­ge­lis as its next CMO — fol­low­ing José Basel­ga’s con­tro­ver­sial ex­it

It’s official. Memorial Sloan Kettering has picked a brain cancer expert as its new physician-in-chief and CMO, replacing José Baselga, who left under a cloud after being singled out by The New York Times and ProPublica for failing to properly air his lucrative industry ties.

His replacement, who now will be in charge of MSK’s cutting-edge research work as well as the cancer care delivered by hundreds of practitioners, is Lisa M. DeAngelis. DeAngelis had been chair of the neurology department and co-founder of MSK’s brain tumor center and was moved in to the acting CMO role in the wake of Baselga’s departure.

Penn team adapts CAR-T tech, reengi­neer­ing mouse cells to treat car­diac fi­bro­sis

After establishing itself as one of the pioneer research centers in the world for CAR-T cancer therapies, creating new attack vehicles to eradicate cancer cells, a team at Penn Medicine has begun the tricky transition of using the basic technology for heart repair work.

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Tal Zaks. Moderna

The mR­NA uni­corn Mod­er­na has more ear­ly-stage hu­man da­ta it wants to show off — reach­ing new peaks in prov­ing the po­ten­tial

The whole messenger RNA field has attracted billions of dollars in public and private investor cash gambled on the prospect of getting in on the ground floor. And this morning Boston-based Moderna, one of the leaders in the field, wants to show off a few more of the cards it has to play to prove to you that they’re really in the game.

The whole hand, of course, has yet to be dealt. And there’s no telling who gets to walk with a share of the pot. But any cards on display at this point — especially after being accused of keeping its deck under lock and key — will attract plenty of attention from some very wary, and wired, observers.

“In terms of the complexity and unmet need,” says Tal Zaks, the chief medical officer, “this is peak for what we’ve accomplished.”

Moderna has two Phase I studies it wants to talk about now.

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It's not per­fect, but it's a good start: FDA pan­elists large­ly en­dorse Aim­mune's peanut al­ler­gy ther­a­py

Two days after a fairly benign review from FDA staff, an independent panel of experts largely endorsed the efficacy and safety of Aimmune’s peanut allergy therapy, laying the groundwork for approval with a risk evaluation and mitigation strategy (REMS).

Traditionally, peanut allergies are managed by avoidance, but the threat of accidental exposure cannot be nullified. Some allergists have devised a way to dose patients off-label with peanut protein derived from supermarket products to wean them off their allergies. But the idea behind Aimmune’s product was to standardize the peanut protein, and track the process of desensitization — so when accidental exposure in the real world invariably occurs, patients are less likely to experience a life-threatening allergic reaction.

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Rit­ter bombs fi­nal PhI­II for sole lac­tose in­tol­er­ance drug — shares plum­met

More than two years ago Ritter Pharmaceuticals managed to find enough silver lining in its Phase IIb/III study — after missing the top-line mark — to propel its lactose intolerance toward a confirmatory trial. But as it turned out, the enthusiasm only set the biotech and its investors up to be sorely disappointed.

This time around there’s little left to salvage. Not only did RP-G28 fail to beat placebo in reducing lactose intolerance symptoms, patients in the treatment group actually averaged a smaller improvement. On a composite score measuring symptoms like abdominal pain, cramping, bloating and gas, patients given the drug had a mean reduction of 3.159 while the placebo cohort saw a 3.420 drop on average (one-sided p-value = 0.0106).

Ear­ly snap­shot of Ad­verum's eye gene ther­a­py sparks con­cern about vi­sion loss

An early-stage update on Adverum Biotechnologies’ intravitreal gene therapy has triggered investor concern, after patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) saw their vision deteriorate, despite signs that the treatment is improving retinal anatomy.

Adverum, on Wednesday, unveiled 24-week data from the OPTIC trial of its experimental therapy, ADVM-022, in six patients who have been administered with one dose of the therapy. On average, patients in the trial had severe disease with an average of 6.2 anti-VEGF injections in the eight months prior to screening and an average annualized injection frequency of 9.3 injections.

Alex Ar­faei trades his an­a­lyst's post for a new role as biotech VC; Sanofi vet heads to Vi­for

Too often, Alex Arfaei arrived too late. 

An analyst at BMO Capital Markets, he’d meet with biotech or pharmaceutical heads for their IPO or secondary funding and his brain, trained on a biology degree and six years at Merck and Endo, would spring with questions: Why this biomarker? Why this design? Why not this endpoint? Not that he could do anything about it. These execs were coming for clinical money; their decisions had been made and finalized long ago.

Arde­lyx bags its first FDA OK for IBS, set­ting up a show­down with Al­ler­gan, Iron­wood

In the first of what it hopes will be a couple of major regulatory milestones for its new drug, Ardelyx has bagged an FDA approval to market Ibsrela (tenapanor) for irritable bowel syndrome.

The drug’s first application will be for IBS with constipation (IBS-C), inhibiting sodium-hydrogen exchanger NHE3 in the GI tract in such a way as to increase bowel movements and decrease abdominal pain. This comes on the heels of two successful Phase III trials.