Do big R&D bud­gets jus­ti­fy US pre­mi­um drug prices? No way, an­a­lysts scoff

Do you want a new for­mu­la for cal­cu­lat­ing “ex­cess” prices paid for brand­ed drug prices? A group of health­care re­searchers found a ripe prospect: Tack­ling the pre­mi­um built in­to US drug costs.

Big Phar­ma R&D is a game of block­busters. Find­ing one, get­ting one ap­proved and then build­ing the mar­ket is a multi­bil­lion-dol­lar quest. And there’s been con­sid­er­able fo­cus on the US pre­mi­um, the ex­tra that big bio­phar­ma col­lects in this coun­try while sell­ing the same drugs in tight­ly con­trolled sin­gle-pay­er mar­kets in Eu­rope for much, much less.

That US pre­mi­um, the com­pa­nies of­ten in­sist, is es­sen­tial to ac­com­mo­date huge R&D bud­gets re­quired to cov­er the bil­lions in av­er­age costs for new drug de­vel­op­ment, what Pres­i­dent Trump and oth­ers re­fer to as a huge sub­sidy that this coun­try pays to help oth­er coun­tries who won’t share the load of in­no­va­tion.

Writ­ing in Health Af­fairs, though, a trio of in­ves­ti­ga­tors says the ar­gu­ment is bunk. They crunched the num­bers on the list ex-US price against the av­er­age net in the US, us­ing VA and Med­ic­aid dis­counts to try and achieve a clear­er pic­ture of the bot­tom line for man­u­fac­tur­ers. And they found that the US pre­mi­um paid for the top 20 drugs on the mar­ket far ex­ceeds the to­tal amount the same 15 com­pa­nies spent on their glob­al R&D bud­gets.

That pre­mi­um, they say, nets 15 com­pa­nies $116 bil­lion in ex­tra an­nu­al rev­enue, com­pared to $76 bil­lion in to­tal re­search spend­ing. And 3 com­pa­nies earn more in pre­mi­um pric­ing for one prod­uct than they spend on re­search each year: Ab­b­Vie — Hu­mi­ra, Bio­gen — Tec­fidera; and Te­va – Co­pax­one.

 

Nan­cy Yu, Zachary Helms and Pe­ter Bach — fi­nan­cial an­a­lysts at the Cen­ter for Health Pol­i­cy and Out­comes at Memo­r­i­al Sloan Ket­ter­ing Can­cer Cen­ter — write:

We found that the pre­mi­ums phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal com­pa­nies earn from charg­ing sub­stan­tial­ly high­er prices for their med­ica­tions in the US com­pared to oth­er West­ern coun­tries gen­er­ates sub­stan­tial­ly more than the com­pa­nies spend glob­al­ly on their re­search and de­vel­op­ment. This find­ing coun­ters the claim that the high­er prices paid by US pa­tients and tax­pay­ers are nec­es­sary to fund re­search and de­vel­op­ment. Rather, there are bil­lions of dol­lars left over even af­ter world­wide re­search bud­gets are cov­ered.

If you take out the pre­mi­um US pay­ers cov­er for these drugs rel­a­tive to R&D spend­ing, you could save $40 bil­lion off of the to­tal $325 bil­lion paid for drugs in 2015.

Don’t look for any rapid adop­tion in the US, though. These com­pa­nies aren’t in the busi­ness of cov­er­ing costs, and bleed­ing prof­its isn’t on the agen­da in Wash­ing­ton DC. Trump’s fo­cus, to the ex­tent we un­der­stand it so far, is to make drug de­vel­op­ment sim­pler, with few­er reg­u­la­to­ry re­quire­ments and there­by less ex­pen­sive, of­fer­ing a route to low­er costs. This new piece un­der­scores, though, that there is no di­rect re­la­tion­ship be­tween re­search spend­ing and block­buster drug prices.

The sto­ry trig­gered an in­ter­est­ing round of com­ments on Twit­ter this morn­ing.

“If the ar­gu­ment is disin­gen­u­ous figleaf­ing for mo­nop­oly pric­ing be­hav­ior, it has now al­so been fal­si­fied,” Bach re­spond­ed to crit­i­cism of his piece.

 

 

 

Secretary of health and human services Alex Azar speaking in the Rose Garden at the White House (Photo: AFP)

Trump’s HHS claims ab­solute au­thor­i­ty over the FDA, clear­ing path to a vac­cine EUA

The top career staff at the FDA has vowed not to let politics overrule science when looking at vaccine data this fall. But Alex Azar, who happens to be their boss’s boss, apparently won’t even give them a chance to stand in the way.

In a new memorandum issued Tuesday last week, the HHS chief stripped the FDA and other health agencies under his purview of their rule making ability, asserting all such power “is reserved to the Secretary.” Sheila Kaplan of the New York Times first obtained and reported the details of the September 15 bulletin.

Two wild weeks for Grail end in $8B Il­lu­mi­na buy­out

Grail’s whirlwind two weeks have ended in the wealthy arms of its former founder and benefactors.

Illumina has shelled out $8 billion to reacquire the closely-watched liquid biopsy startup they spun out just 5 years ago and fully exited just 3 years ago. The deal comes nearly two weeks after the well-heeled startup filed for a potentially massive IPO — one that was disrupted just a week later when Bloomberg reported that Illumina was in talks to buy their former spinout for up to $8 billion.

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Roche vaults to the front of the NL­RP3 clin­i­cal race, pay­ing $448M up­front to bag In­fla­zome

Roche is going all in on NLRP3.

The pharma giant is putting down $448 million (€380 million) upfront to snatch Novartis-backed Inflazome, which makes it a clinical player in the space overnight.

Dublin and Cambridge, UK-based Inflazome is the second NLRP3-focused biotech Roche has acquired in less than two years, and although no numbers were disclosed in the Jecure buyout, this is almost certainly a much larger deal.

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As­traZeneca pub­lish­es Covid-19 vac­cine PhI­II pro­to­cols in lock­step with Mod­er­na and Pfiz­er. How are they dif­fer­ent?

Following in the steps of Moderna and Pfizer, the other two American drugmakers currently in Phase III trials for their Covid-19 vaccines, AstraZeneca posted its own study protocols over the weekend. The move is the latest in a series of rare peeks behind the curtain, as such blueprints are typically shared once such trials are completed.

“Given the unprecedented global impact of the Coronavirus pandemic and the need for public information, AstraZeneca has published the detailed protocol and design of our AZD1222 clinical trial. As with most clinical development, protocols are not typically shared publicly due to the importance of maintaining confidentiality and integrity of trials. AstraZeneca continues to work with industry peers to ensure a consistent approach to sharing timely clinical trial information,” the company said in a statement.

Sebastian Nijman (file photo)

Roche looks to ge­net­ic mod­i­fiers for new drug tar­gets, team­ing up with Dutch biotech in $375M deal

Roche is gambling on a new way of discovering drug targets and, ultimately, promising to infuse more than $375 million into a small biotech if all goes well.

A spinout of the Netherlands Cancer Institute and Oxford University, Scenic Biotech set out to pioneer a field that’s gaining some traction among top VCs in the US: to harness the natural protecting powers of genetic modifiers — specific genes that suppress a disease phenotype.

Donald Trump and White House chief of staff Mark Meadows, before boarding Marine One (Getty Images)

Pric­ing deal col­laps­es over Big Phar­ma's re­fusal to is­sue $100 'cash card­s' be­fore the elec­tion — re­port

Late in August, as negotiations on a pricing deal with President Trump reached a boiling point, PhRMA president Stephen Ubl sent an email update to the 34 biopharma chiefs that sit on his board. He wrote that if the industry did not agree to pay for a $100 “cash card” sent to seniors before November, White House chief of staff Mark Meadows was going to tell the news media Big Pharma was refusing to “share the savings” with the elderly — and that all of the blame for failed drug pricing negotiations would lie squarely on the industry.

#ES­MO20: As­traZeneca aims to spur PRO­found shift in prostate can­cer treat­ment with Lyn­parza OS da­ta

AstraZeneca has unveiled the final, mature overall survival data that cemented Lynparza’s first approval in prostate cancer approval — touting its lead against rivals with the only PARP inhibitor to have demonstrated such benefit.

But getting the Merck-partnered drug to the right patients remains a challenge, something the companies are hoping to change with the new data cut.

The OS numbers on the subgroup with BRCA1/2 or ATM-mutated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer are similar to the first look on offer when the FDA expanded the label in May: Lynparza reduced the risk of death by 31% versus Xtandi and Zytiga. Patients on Lynparza lived a median of 19.1 months, compared to 14.7 months for the anti-androgen therapies (p = 0.0175).

Eli Lilly CSO Dan Skovronsky (file photo)

UP­DAT­ED: #ES­MO20: Eli Lil­ly shows off the da­ta for its Verzenio suc­cess. Was it worth $18 bil­lion?

The press release alone, devoid of any number except for the size of the trial, added nearly $20 billion to Eli Lilly’s market cap back in June. Now investors and oncologists will get to see if the data live up to the hype.

On Sunday at ESMO, Eli Lilly announced the full results for its Phase III MonarchE trial of Verzenio, showing that across over 5,000 women who had had HR+, HER2- breast cancer, the drug reduced the odds of recurrence by 25%. That meant 7.8% of the patients on the drug arm saw their cancers return within 2 years, compared with 11.3% on the placebo arm.

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Greg Friberg (File photo)

#ES­MO20: Am­gen team nails down sol­id ear­ly ev­i­dence of AMG 510’s po­ten­tial for NSCLC, un­lock­ing the door to a wave of KRAS pro­grams

The first time I sat down with Amgen’s Greg Friberg to talk about the pharma giant’s KRAS G12C program for sotorasib (AMG 510) at ASCO a little more than a year ago, there was high excitement about the first glimpse of efficacy from their Phase I study, with 5 of 10 evaluable non-small cell lung cancer patients demonstrating a response to the drug.

After decades of failure targeting KRAS, sotorasib offered the first positive look at a new approach that promised to open a door to a whole new approach by targeting a particular mutation to a big target that had remained “undruggable” for decades.

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