FDA ex­perts unan­i­mous­ly en­dorse Am­gen’s biosim­i­lar of Ab­b­Vie’s $14B fran­chise drug

An FDA pan­el of­fered a clear en­dorse­ment of Am­gen’s fran­chise-bust­ing biosim­i­lar of Ab­b­Vie’s $14 bil­lion bi­o­log­ic Hu­mi­ra.

The vote was unan­i­mous in fa­vor of an ap­proval on a broad slate of in­di­ca­tions.

“I thought the vot­ing was easy,” not­ed pan­elist Steve Sol­ga, the chief of gas­troen­terol­o­gy at St. Luke’s Uni­ver­si­ty Hos­pi­tal, echo­ing the pan­el’s con­sen­sus that there could be lit­tle to ar­gue with the FDA, par­tic­u­lar­ly as more thorny is­sues were not cov­ered in the dis­cus­sion.

FDA in­sid­ers of­fered their ve­he­ment sup­port for the ap­pli­ca­tion, re­peat­ing an in­sid­er agency re­view con­clud­ing that Am­gen had pro­vid­ed all the da­ta need­ed to war­rant an ap­proval of ABP501 for all the in­di­ca­tions now al­lowed to Hu­mi­ra, Ab­b­Vie’s most lu­cra­tive ther­a­py.

Ab­b­Vie, though, had a long line­up of pa­tient ad­vo­cates who main­tained that un­less the drug had been grant­ed in­ter­change­able sta­tus, it shouldn’t get the broad ap­proval sought by Am­gen. And Ab­b­Vie sent a rep­re­sen­ta­tive of its own to un­der­score the ar­gu­ment that there were sig­nif­i­cant dif­fer­ences to con­sid­er, which should trump the ar­gu­ment in fa­vor of “ex­trap­o­lat­ing” the da­ta in for a host of in­di­ca­tions, in­clud­ing pe­di­atric use.

The “straw man” ar­gu­ment gained some trac­tion among pan­el mem­bers who were con­cerned that the da­ta var­ied by batch, and even ques­tioned whether Ab­b­Vie had ever ad­e­quate­ly made its case for all of its own ap­provals.

The out­side ex­perts, though, con­clud­ed with the FDA – which stuck with a sol­id front in fa­vor of an ap­proval on all in­di­ca­tions – that there were no “mean­ing­ful” dif­fer­ences be­tween Am­gen’s knock­off and the ref­er­ence prod­uct from Ab­b­Vie. But a num­ber of pan­el mem­bers raised the point that there was no built-in re­quire­ment of a Phase IV fol­lowup study to make sure the drug worked as billed.

The stamp of ap­proval marks a sig­nif­i­cant new phase for the adop­tion of biosim­i­lars. No­var­tis was the first to win an ap­proval for a biosim­i­lar in the U.S., but a range of knock­offs in the first wave is meet­ing with open arms at the reg­u­la­tor. To­mor­row, Am­gen gets to switch roles, chang­ing from of­fense to de­fense as it seeks to pre­vent an ap­proval for a biosim­i­lar from No­var­tis of En­brel, which pro­vides bil­lions of dol­lars in an­nu­al rev­enue to…Am­gen.

This ar­gu­ment is far from over. Ab­b­Vie is fight­ing a tough le­gal war fo­cus­ing on its patents for Hu­mi­ra, and it’s mak­ing more progress in the court than it has at the FDA. But Am­gen will hap­pi­ly mark the reg­u­la­to­ry win.

“We’re pleased with to­day’s unan­i­mous vote of the FDA’s Arthri­tis Ad­vi­so­ry Com­mit­tee to rec­om­mend ap­proval of ABP 501 in all avail­able in­di­ca­tions to the ref­er­ence prod­uct,” said Sean E. Harp­er, M.D., ex­ec­u­tive vice pres­i­dent of Re­search and De­vel­op­ment at Am­gen. “The Com­mit­tee’s fa­vor­able vote is an ex­cit­ing step to­ward rec­og­niz­ing ABP 501 as an im­por­tant treat­ment op­tion for pa­tients with in­flam­ma­to­ry dis­eases. We look for­ward to con­tin­u­ing to work with the FDA as they com­plete their re­view of Am­gen’s BLA for ABP 501.”

 

It’s fi­nal­ly over: Bio­gen, Ei­sai scrap big Alzheimer’s PhI­I­Is af­ter a pre­dictable BACE cat­a­stro­phe rais­es safe­ty fears

Months after analysts and investors called on Biogen and Eisai to scrap their BACE drug for Alzheimer’s and move on in the wake of a string of late-stage failures and rising safety fears, the partners have called it quits. And they said they were dropping the drug — elenbecestat — after the independent monitoring board raised concerns about…safety.

We don’t know exactly what researchers found in this latest catastrophe, but the companies noted in their release that investigators had determined that the drug was flunking the risk/benefit analysis.

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Lisa M. DeAngelis, MSKCC

MSK picks brain can­cer ex­pert Lisa DeAn­ge­lis as its next CMO — fol­low­ing José Basel­ga’s con­tro­ver­sial ex­it

It’s official. Memorial Sloan Kettering has picked a brain cancer expert as its new physician-in-chief and CMO, replacing José Baselga, who left under a cloud after being singled out by The New York Times and ProPublica for failing to properly air his lucrative industry ties.

His replacement, who now will be in charge of MSK’s cutting-edge research work as well as the cancer care delivered by hundreds of practitioners, is Lisa M. DeAngelis. DeAngelis had been chair of the neurology department and co-founder of MSK’s brain tumor center and was moved in to the acting CMO role in the wake of Baselga’s departure.

Penn team adapts CAR-T tech, reengi­neer­ing mouse cells to treat car­diac fi­bro­sis

After establishing itself as one of the pioneer research centers in the world for CAR-T cancer therapies, creating new attack vehicles to eradicate cancer cells, a team at Penn Medicine has begun the tricky transition of using the basic technology for heart repair work.

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Tal Zaks. Moderna

The mR­NA uni­corn Mod­er­na has more ear­ly-stage hu­man da­ta it wants to show off — reach­ing new peaks in prov­ing the po­ten­tial

The whole messenger RNA field has attracted billions of dollars in public and private investor cash gambled on the prospect of getting in on the ground floor. And this morning Boston-based Moderna, one of the leaders in the field, wants to show off a few more of the cards it has to play to prove to you that they’re really in the game.

The whole hand, of course, has yet to be dealt. And there’s no telling who gets to walk with a share of the pot. But any cards on display at this point — especially after being accused of keeping its deck under lock and key — will attract plenty of attention from some very wary, and wired, observers.

“In terms of the complexity and unmet need,” says Tal Zaks, the chief medical officer, “this is peak for what we’ve accomplished.”

Moderna has two Phase I studies it wants to talk about now.

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It's not per­fect, but it's a good start: FDA pan­elists large­ly en­dorse Aim­mune's peanut al­ler­gy ther­a­py

Two days after a fairly benign review from FDA staff, an independent panel of experts largely endorsed the efficacy and safety of Aimmune’s peanut allergy therapy, laying the groundwork for approval with a risk evaluation and mitigation strategy (REMS).

Traditionally, peanut allergies are managed by avoidance, but the threat of accidental exposure cannot be nullified. Some allergists have devised a way to dose patients off-label with peanut protein derived from supermarket products to wean them off their allergies. But the idea behind Aimmune’s product was to standardize the peanut protein, and track the process of desensitization — so when accidental exposure in the real world invariably occurs, patients are less likely to experience a life-threatening allergic reaction.

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Rit­ter bombs fi­nal PhI­II for sole lac­tose in­tol­er­ance drug — shares plum­met

More than two years ago Ritter Pharmaceuticals managed to find enough silver lining in its Phase IIb/III study — after missing the top-line mark — to propel its lactose intolerance toward a confirmatory trial. But as it turned out, the enthusiasm only set the biotech and its investors up to be sorely disappointed.

This time around there’s little left to salvage. Not only did RP-G28 fail to beat placebo in reducing lactose intolerance symptoms, patients in the treatment group actually averaged a smaller improvement. On a composite score measuring symptoms like abdominal pain, cramping, bloating and gas, patients given the drug had a mean reduction of 3.159 while the placebo cohort saw a 3.420 drop on average (one-sided p-value = 0.0106).

Ear­ly snap­shot of Ad­verum's eye gene ther­a­py sparks con­cern about vi­sion loss

An early-stage update on Adverum Biotechnologies’ intravitreal gene therapy has triggered investor concern, after patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) saw their vision deteriorate, despite signs that the treatment is improving retinal anatomy.

Adverum, on Wednesday, unveiled 24-week data from the OPTIC trial of its experimental therapy, ADVM-022, in six patients who have been administered with one dose of the therapy. On average, patients in the trial had severe disease with an average of 6.2 anti-VEGF injections in the eight months prior to screening and an average annualized injection frequency of 9.3 injections.

Alex Ar­faei trades his an­a­lyst's post for a new role as biotech VC; Sanofi vet heads to Vi­for

Too often, Alex Arfaei arrived too late. 

An analyst at BMO Capital Markets, he’d meet with biotech or pharmaceutical heads for their IPO or secondary funding and his brain, trained on a biology degree and six years at Merck and Endo, would spring with questions: Why this biomarker? Why this design? Why not this endpoint? Not that he could do anything about it. These execs were coming for clinical money; their decisions had been made and finalized long ago.

Arde­lyx bags its first FDA OK for IBS, set­ting up a show­down with Al­ler­gan, Iron­wood

In the first of what it hopes will be a couple of major regulatory milestones for its new drug, Ardelyx has bagged an FDA approval to market Ibsrela (tenapanor) for irritable bowel syndrome.

The drug’s first application will be for IBS with constipation (IBS-C), inhibiting sodium-hydrogen exchanger NHE3 in the GI tract in such a way as to increase bowel movements and decrease abdominal pain. This comes on the heels of two successful Phase III trials.