A pharmacist at Whalen's Drug Store, 55 E 42nd Street, is shown putting up a sign advertising the fact that they now have the wonder drug, penicillin, in stock. However, New Yorkers soon learned that the potent germ killer cannot be bought across the counter like liver pills but only by prescription and that it must be administered by a physician. (March 1945 — via Getty Images)

FDA sur­vey finds Amer­i­cans don’t re­al­ly un­der­stand drug ap­provals

On­ly 25% of Amer­i­cans un­der­stand that a new drug ap­proved by the FDA does not nec­es­sar­i­ly mean the drug will help most peo­ple who use it, ac­cord­ing to the re­sults of a sur­vey con­duct­ed in 2017 and pub­lished last week in Phar­ma­coepi­demi­ol­o­gy & Drug Safe­ty.

How­ev­er, FDA’s sur­vey of a na­tion­al­ly rep­re­sen­ta­tive group of 1,744 US adults did find that more than half un­der­stood that the reg­u­la­tor ap­proves pre­scrip­tion drugs when the drug of­fers ben­e­fits that out­weigh the risks, al­though 17.5% thought that an FDA-ap­proved drug will cure the con­di­tion for which it’s pre­scribed.

“Fur­ther in­ves­ti­ga­tion in­to pub­lic knowl­edge of FDA’s OTC [over-the-counter] drug and di­etary sup­ple­ment ap­proval over­sight yield­ed ad­di­tion­al ev­i­dence of a lack of un­der­stand­ing re­lat­ed to the ap­proval of such prod­ucts. We found that 69.3% of re­spon­dents thought that FDA ap­proves all over‐the‐ counter drugs. One quar­ter of re­spon­dents (24.9%) be­lieved FDA ap­proves di­etary sup­ple­ments and an­oth­er quar­ter (24.5%) did not know,” the sur­vey’s au­thors found.

In ad­di­tion to the find­ings on the ap­provals, the re­searchers al­so sought to un­der­stand how the pub­lic views FDA’s role in reg­u­lat­ing di­rect-to-con­sumer (DTC) pre­scrip­tion drug ad­ver­tis­ing.

FDA re­searchers found less of an un­der­stand­ing with DTC ads, not­ing that 31% in­cor­rect­ly thought that FDA ap­proves DTC ad­ver­tis­ing, and less than half in­cor­rect­ly thought that risk or ben­e­fit state­ments in ads are FDA‐ap­proved.

Al­though the re­searchers said the sur­vey aligns with pre­vi­ous sur­veys, they al­so said it sug­gests “that some of the mis­con­cep­tions held by con­sumers may have a neg­a­tive im­pact on pub­lic health. For in­stance, we found that 42.9% of con­sumers were not able to ac­cu­rate­ly re­port that FDA‐ap­proved pre­scrip­tion drugs may cause harm. This is con­cern­ing be­cause some ad­verse events re­quire dis­con­tin­u­a­tion or dose mod­i­fi­ca­tion. More­over, ad­verse event re­port­ing is crit­i­cal to phar­ma­covig­i­lance and un­der‐re­port­ing of ad­verse events is a con­sis­tent prob­lem world­wide.”

They al­so ex­plained how there is an op­por­tu­ni­ty to en­hance con­sumers’ un­der­stand­ing of drug ap­provals, FDA’s role and over­sight of pre­scrip­tion drug ad­ver­tise­ments.

As far as po­ten­tial ways to im­prove the pub­lic’s un­der­stand­ing on drug ap­provals, one of the sug­ges­tions is to place ban­ner ads on gen­er­al health ref­er­ence web­sites, like Drugs.com, Web­MD.com and may­oclin­ic.org, with short mes­sages of­fer­ing key facts about the ap­proval process and reg­u­la­tion of ad­ver­tise­ments.


First pub­lished in Reg­u­la­to­ry Fo­cus™ by the Reg­u­la­to­ry Af­fairs Pro­fes­sion­als So­ci­ety, the largest glob­al or­ga­ni­za­tion of and for those in­volved with the reg­u­la­tion of health­care prod­ucts. 

Author

Zachary Brennan

managing editor, RAPS

2019 Trin­i­ty Drug In­dex Eval­u­ates Ac­tu­al Com­mer­cial Per­for­mance of Nov­el Drugs Ap­proved in 2016

Fewer Approvals, but Neurology Rivals Oncology and Sees Major Innovations

This report, the fourth in our Trinity Drug Index series, outlines key themes and emerging trends in the industry as we progress towards a new world of targeted and innovative products. It provides a comprehensive evaluation of the performance of novel drugs approved by the FDA in 2016, scoring each on its commercial performance, therapeutic value, and R&D investment (Table 1: Drug ranking – Ratings on a 1-5 scale).

UP­DAT­ED: FDA’s golodirsen CRL: Sarep­ta’s Duchenne drugs are dan­ger­ous to pa­tients, of­fer­ing on­ly a small ben­e­fit. And where's that con­fir­ma­to­ry tri­al?

Back last summer, Sarepta CEO Doug Ingram told Duchenne MD families and investors that the FDA’s shock rejection of their second Duchenne MD drug golodirsen was due to some concerns regulators raised about the risk of infection and the possibility of kidney toxicity. But when pressed to release the letter for all to see, he declined, according to a report from BioPharmaDive, saying that kind of move “might not look like we’re being as respectful as we’d like to be.”

He went on to assure everyone that he hadn’t misrepresented the CRL.

But Ingram’s public remarks didn’t include everything in the letter, which — following the FDA’s surprise about-face and unexplained approval — has now been posted on the FDA’s website and broadly circulated on Twitter early Wednesday.

The CRL raises plenty of fresh questions about why the FDA abruptly decided to reverse itself and hand out an OK for a drug a senior regulator at the FDA believed — 5 months ago, when he wrote the letter — is dangerous to patients. It also puts the spotlight back on Sarepta $SRPT, which failed to launch a confirmatory study of eteplirsen, which was only approved after a heated internal controversy at the FDA. Ellis Unger, director of CDER’s Office of Drug Evaluation I, notes that study could have clarified quite a lot about the benefit and risks associated with their drugs — which can cost as much as a million dollars per patient per year, depending on weight.

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Every few years, a public health crisis (think Ebola, Zika) spurred by a rogue pathogen triggers a small-biotech rally, as drugmakers emerge from the woodwork with ambitious plans to treat the mounting outbreak. In most cases, that enthusiasm never quite delivers.

Things are no different, as the coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China takes hold. There have been close to 300 confirmed human infections in China, and at least four deaths. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses, which include MERS and SARS. On Tuesday, the CDC reported the virus was detected in a US traveler returning from Wuhan.

Brex­it fears, Wood­ford woes over­shad­owed UK biotech and cut 2019 fi­nanc­ing by al­most half

The venture tide might have subsided, the IPO window may be closing and certain listed biotechs may be having a tough time amid Neil Woodford’s well-publicized demised, but there’s still plenty to celebrate in the UK BioIndustry Association’s eyes.

Overall investment in UK biotech last year fell from the record-breaking £2.2 billion levels of 2018 to £1.3 billion — including £679 million in venture capital, a meager £64 million in IPOs plus £596 million when you add up all public financings, according to a new report from the BIA.

Blue­print Med­i­cines po­ten­tial­ly de­lays Ay­vak­it de­ci­sion; Con­trol beats treat­ment in mesothe­lioma tri­al

→ Blueprint Medicines filed an amendment to its application to get the gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) drug Ayvakit approved in fourth-line GIST, the company disclosed in the prospectus for a new $325 million public offering.  Blueprint got a big accelerated OK on the drug this month in a particular mutation, but because the FDA decided to split their review in two, they didn’t hear on fourth-line GIST. They were supposed to hear before February 14, but this amendment could push that date back by 3 months. Blueprint wrote that the amendment is designed to allow the company to comply with the FDA’s request for data from the Phase III Voyage trial before they give a judgment.

Io­n­is, Akcea boost­ed by a pos­i­tive PhII for their No­var­tis castoff car­dio drug — and they plan to push ahead in­to piv­otals

Late last year Novartis abandoned a cardio drug from Ionis’ spinoff Akcea just after the pharma giant snapped up inclisiran, going the RNAi way in guarding against heart disease in the $9.7 billion Medco buyout.

Now the pharma goliath — which is headed down the PCSK9 road with a drug it believes can be used in a mass population — can get a clearer picture of just what they gave up.

Akcea $AKCA and the mother company $IONS put out a statement early Wednesday saying that their Phase II study of AKCEA-APOCIII-LR delivered solid efficacy data, with the high dose clearly outperforming placebo in significantly reducing triglycerides as a means to cutting the risk of cardiovascular disease. In addition, investigators concluded that the drug slashed apoC-III, very low-density lipoprotein and remnant cholesterol while boosting “good” HDL levels.

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GSK’s ‘break­through’ BC­MA can­cer drug gets a pri­or­i­ty re­view — and a big win for the on­col­o­gy R&D team

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Who are the young bio­phar­ma lead­ers shap­ing the in­dus­try? Nom­i­nate them for End­points' spe­cial re­port

Update: Nominations open through end of day, Monday, January 27

Two years ago, when we did our first Endpoints 20-under-40, we profiled a set of up-and-comers who promised to help reshape the industry as we know it. Now we’re back and once again looking for the top 20 biopharma professionals under the age of 40. We’ll be profiling folks who have accomplished a lot at a young age but seem on the verge of accomplishing so much more.