Luigi Naldini, Pierluigi Paracchi, Carlo Russo. Genenta

Ital­ian gene ther­a­py play­er draws new in­vestor from Chi­na for its an­swer to CAR-T re­laps­es

So you’ve been treat­ed with one of the new-age can­cer ther­a­pies. What do you do if there’s a re­lapse and the tu­mors re­turns? 

Genen­ta Sci­ence launched four years ago out of Mi­lan in part to an­swer that ques­tion, and to­day they re­ceived $14.4 mil­lion in round three fund­ing that will pro­pel their unique gene ther­a­py through Phase I/II tri­als for mul­ti­ple myelo­ma and glioblas­toma. Backed now by mon­ey from the Chi­nese firm Qianzhan In­vest­ment Man­age­ment and Fidim, the for­mer own­er of the bio­phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal Rot­tapharm, the com­pa­ny is al­so ex­plor­ing ways of de­liv­er­ing gene ther­a­py to sol­id tu­mors that have been hard­er to reach. 

“The prob­lem Genen­ta faces is that you don’t need to be No­bel Prize brain to un­der­stand CAR-T,” CMO Car­lo Rus­so told End­points News, re­fer­ring to the pop­u­lar can­cer cell ther­a­py. “It is in­tu­itive­ly sim­ple. What we are try­ing to do is not.”

CAR-T treat­ments have been hailed in re­cent years for the break­throughs they’ve of­fered in hard-to-treat blood can­cers, but ini­tial en­thu­si­asm has been tem­pered by 1-year re­lapse rates as high as 40%.

The idea of the Genen­ta ther­a­py, called Tem­fer­on, is to pre­vent those re­laps­es by re­build­ing the pa­tient’s im­mune sys­tem with­in the tu­mor sites them­selves, called TEMS. The treat­ment in­volves in­ject­ing a lentivirus for a gene trans­fer in hematopoi­et­ic stem and prog­en­i­tor cells, trig­ger­ing in­ter­fer­on-αex­pres­sion in the tar­get­ed ar­eas. The pa­tient would then be able to fight off fu­ture re­laps­es.

This ther­a­py has ex­cit­ing po­ten­tial for long term care, Rus­so said, but not nec­es­sar­i­ly for tack­ling a fast-act­ing can­cer. He said he could en­vi­sion a fu­ture where front­line rem­e­dy such as CAR-T or chemother­a­py is used to wipe out tu­mors ear­ly and then Tem­fer­on is ad­min­is­tered for long term pre­ven­tion. 

“It’s like a vac­cine,” Rus­so says, “You’re ex­posed to an anti­gen so you will be pre­pared when you are nat­u­ral­ly ex­posed to the anti­gen.”

The mul­ti­ple myelo­ma and glioblas­toma tri­als have al­ready be­gun, Genen­ta CEO Pier­lui­gi Parac­chi told End­points, and the fund­ing will al­low them to ex­pand to 21 and 9 pa­tients in each. Parac­chi said they may al­so look in­to us­ing parts of the funds to open a clin­i­cal tri­al in the Unit­ed States.  

Genen­ta’s pre­clin­i­cal work, led by Lui­gi Nal­di­ni, ex­am­ined Tem­fer­on on an ar­ray of can­cers; mul­ti­ple myelo­ma was cho­sen for the first clin­i­cal tri­al in large part be­cause bone mar­row trans­plants are al­ready part of the dis­ease’s stan­dard of care, re­duc­ing the risk of the ex­per­i­men­tal ther­a­py. 

Like CAR-T, Tem­fer­on works by re­mov­ing bone mar­row cells, treat­ing them with a gene ther­a­py and then rein­ject­ing them in­to the pa­tient. But Genen­ta method us­es in­ter­fer­on, an old can­cer treat­ment that has been all but dis­con­tin­ued be­cause of its risks. 

“The re­ac­tion I get when I talk about in­ter­fer­on is ‘oh my god this is such an old, bor­ing drug,’” Rus­so said.

But be­cause the ther­a­py lim­its the in­ter­fer­on pro­teins to the mi­cro-en­vi­ron­ment around the tu­mor, it can be ef­fec­tive and low-risk, Rus­so said. 

Among oth­er ben­e­fits, the study on glioblas­toma will al­low re­searchers to see in the very near fu­ture if the treat­ment is hav­ing any ef­fect, as this form of brain can­cer is gen­er­al­ly fa­tal with­in 16 to 20 months.

Aerial view of Genentech's campus in South San Francisco [Credit: Getty]

Genen­tech sub­mits a big plan to ex­pand its South San Fran­cis­co foot­print

The sign is still there, a quaint reminder of whitewashed concrete not 5 miles from Genentech’s sprawling, chrome-and-glass campus: South Francisco The Industrial City. 

The city keeps the old sign, first erected in 1923, as a tourist site and a kind of civic memento to the days it packed meat, milled lumber and burned enough steel to earn the moniker “Smokestack of the Peninsula.” But the real indication of where you are and how much has changed both in San Francisco and in the global economy since a couple researchers and investors rented out an empty warehouse 40 years ago comes in a far smaller blue sign, resembling a Rotary Club post, off the highway: South San Francisco, The Birthplace of Biotech.

Here comes the oral GLP-1 drug for di­a­betes — but No­vo Nordisk is­n't dis­clos­ing Ry­bel­sus price just yet

Novo Nordisk’s priority review voucher on oral semaglutide has paid off. The FDA approval for the GLP-1 drug hit late Friday morning, around six months after the NDA filing.

Rybelsus will be the first GLP-1 pill to enter the type 2 diabetes market — a compelling offering that analysts have pegged as a blockbuster drug with sales estimates ranging from $2 billion to $5 billion.

Ozempic, the once-weekly injectable formulation of semaglutide, brought in around $552 million (DKK 3.75 billion) in the first half of 2019.

As Nas­daq en­rolls the fi­nal batch of 2019 IPOs, how have the num­bers com­pared to past years?

IGM Biosciences’ upsized IPO haul, coming after SpringWorks’ sizable public debut, has revved up some momentum for the last rush of biotech IPOs in 2019.

With 39 new listings on the books and roughly two more months to go before winding down, Nasdaq’s head of healthcare listings Jordan Saxe sees the exchange marking 50 to 60 biopharma IPOs for the year.

“December 15 is usually the last possible day that companies will price,” he said, as companies get ready for business talks at the annual JP Morgan Healthcare Conference in January.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 60,200+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

David Grainger [file photo]

'Dis­con­nect the bas­tard­s' — one biotech's plan to break can­cer cell­s' uni­fied de­fens­es

Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the current gladiators of cancer treatment, but they come with well-known limitations and side-effects. The emergence of immunotherapy — a ferocious new titan in oncologist’s toolbox — takes the brakes off the immune system to kill cancer cells with remarkable success in some cases, but the approach is not always effective. What makes certain forms of cancer so resilient? Scientists may have finally pieced together a tantalizing piece of the puzzle, and a new biotech is banking on a new approach to fill the gap.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 60,200+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

A fa­vorite in Alex­ion’s C-suite is leav­ing, and some mighty sur­prised an­a­lysts aren’t the least bit hap­py about it

Analysts hate to lose a biotech CFO they’ve come to trust and admire — especially if they’re being blindsided by a surprise exit.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 60,200+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Oxitec biologist releases genetically modified mosquitoes in Piracicaba, Brazil in 2016 [credit: Getty Images]

In­trex­on unit push­es back against claims its GM mos­qui­toes are mak­ing dis­ease-friend­ly mu­tants

When the hysteria of Zika transmission sprang into the American zeitgeist a few years ago, UK-based Oxitec was already field-testing its male Aedes aegypti mosquito, crafted to possess a gene engineered to obliterate its progeny long before maturation.

But when a group of independent scientists evaluated the impact of the release of these genetically-modified mosquitoes in a trial conducted by Oxitec in Brazil between 2013 and 2015, they found that some of the offspring had managed to survive — prompting them to speculate what impact the survivors could have on disease transmission and/or insecticide resistance.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 60,200+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

[via AP Images]

Pur­due threat­ens to walk away from set­tle­ment, asks to pay em­ploy­ees mil­lions in bonus­es

There are two updates on the lawsuit against Purdue Pharma over its role in fueling the opioid epidemic, as the Sackler family threatens to walk away from their pledge to pay out $3 billion if a bankruptcy judge does not stop outstanding state lawsuits against them. At the same time, the company has asked permission to pay millions in bonuses to select employees.

Purdue filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy this week as part of its signed resolution to over 2,000 lawsuits. The deal would see the Sackler family that owns Purdue give $3 billion from their personal wealth and the company turned into a trust committed to curbing and reversing overdoses.

Scott Gottlieb, AP Images

Scott Got­tlieb is once again join­ing a team that en­joyed good times at the FDA un­der his high-en­er­gy stint at the helm

Right after jumping on Michael Milken’s FasterCures board on Monday, the newly departed FDA commissioner is back today with news about another life sciences board post that gives him a ringside chair to cheer on a lead player in the real-world evidence movement — one with very close ties to the FDA.

Aetion is reporting this morning that Gottlieb is joining their board, a group that includes Mohamad Makhzoumi, a general partner at New Enterprise Associates, where Gottlieb returned after stepping out of his role at the FDA 2 years after he started.

Gottlieb — one of the best connected execs in biopharma — knows this company well. As head of FDA he championed the use of real-world evidence to help guide drug developers and the agency in gaining greater efficiencies, which helped set up Aetion as a high-profile player in the game.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 60,200+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

While No­var­tis ban­ish­es Zol­gens­ma scan­dal scars — Bio­gen goes on a Spin­raza 'of­fen­sive'

While Novartis painstakingly works to mop up the stench of the data manipulation scandal associated with its expensive gene therapy for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) Zolgensma— rival Biogen is attempting to expand the use of its SMA therapy, Spinraza. 

The US drugmaker $BIIB secured US approval for Spinraza for use in the often fatal genetic disease in 2016. The approval covered a broad range of patients with infantile-onset (most likely to develop Type 1) SMA.