US mulls tar­iffs on Swiss drug ex­ports, weigh­ing on No­var­tis and Roche –  re­port

The lead­ing Swiss news­pa­per has re­port­ed that the US is con­sid­er­ing plac­ing tar­iffs on phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals from Switzer­land. Roche and No­var­tis stock each fell 1% af­ter the news broke.

Neue Zürcher Zeitung re­port­ed that US Trade Rep­re­sen­ta­tive Robert Lighthiz­er told phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal rep­re­sen­ta­tives the Trump ad­min­is­tra­tion was con­sid­er­ing the move. Tar­iffs do not ap­pear to be in the im­me­di­ate off­ing, but they would po­ten­tial­ly af­fect Swiss gi­ants No­var­tis and Roche along with oth­er com­pa­nies that man­u­fac­ture in Switzer­land, in­clud­ing Mer­ck KGaA and US biotech Bio­gen, which is cur­rent­ly con­struct­ing a new fa­cil­i­ty in the coun­try.

Thus far, the Chi­na-US trade war’s im­pact on phar­ma has been large­ly spec­tral, with lots of talk but lit­tle ac­tion. Econ­o­mists and politi­cians on both sides of the Pa­cif­ic haven’t failed to note the US’s heavy re­liance on Chi­na for raw phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal in­gre­di­ents, with one Chi­nese econ­o­mist propos­ing Bei­jing cut off sales of an­tibi­otics and phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal in­gre­di­ents in re­sponse to US tar­iffs. But so far both Bei­jing and Wash­ing­ton have carved out ex­emp­tions to as­sure the large­ly free flow and un­fet­tered man­u­fac­ture of drugs.

Don­ald Trump, though, has broad­ly tar­get­ed US trade deficits world­wide, and phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals are the lead­ing weight be­neath the US’s $18.9 bil­lion trade deficit with Switzer­land.

The Swiss drug in­dus­try re­lies heav­i­ly on the Amer­i­can mar­ket. The US im­port­ed $14 bil­lion in phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals in 2018, ac­cord­ing to the US Trade Of­fice of Rep­re­sen­ta­tive, over a third of Swiss ex­ports to Amer­i­ca.

In 2017, the US ac­count­ed for near­ly a third of all Swiss phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal ex­ports.

Swiss phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal ex­ports by im­port­ing coun­try, 2017 – Vi­su­al­iza­tion by MIT’s Of­fice of Eco­nom­ic Com­plex­i­ty 

The news comes sev­er­al months af­ter Trump and Swiss Pres­i­dent Ueli Mau­r­er said they were keen on ad­vanc­ing a trade deal. There’s been lit­tle word since, but Trump has pre­vi­ous­ly used tar­iffs as a stick to ex­pe­dite trade ne­go­ti­a­tions, no­tably threat­en­ing steep au­to­mo­tive levies on Cana­da as he sought to rene­go­ti­ate the North Amer­i­can Free Trade Agree­ment.

Bei­jing and Zurich rep­re­sent op­po­site ends of the phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal in­dus­try. Chi­na is the main glob­al source of an­tibi­otics, sup­ply­ing, by one re­port­ed es­ti­mate, 97% of an­tibi­otics for the US and a large por­tion of the ac­tive phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal in­gre­di­ents used to man­u­fac­ture drugs in the US.

Switzer­land, de­spite a pop­u­la­tion around 8.5 mil­lion, ex­port­ed 11% of the world’s fin­ished drugs in 2017. That was sec­ond-most of any coun­try world, be­hind Ger­many and ahead of the US.

The US im­ports 20% of all drugs world­wide. It ex­ports 8.9%.

Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal ex­ports by coun­try, 2017 

Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal im­ports by coun­try, 2017

Long a stal­wart sec­tor, the drug in­dus­try has helped keep the Swiss econ­o­my afloat amid a glob­al econ­o­my slowed by, among oth­er fac­tors, the trade war. The coun­try’s econ­o­my has al­ready been hit by US steel and alu­minum tar­iffs.

In his­toric Covid-19 ad­comm, vac­cine ex­perts de­bate a sea of ques­tions — but of­fer no clear an­swers

The most widely anticipated and perhaps most widely watched meeting in the FDA’s 113-year history ended late Thursday night with a score of questions and very few answers.

For nearly 9 hours, 18 different outside experts listened to public health agencies and foundations present how the United States’ Covid-19 vaccine program developed through October, and they debated where it should go from there: Were companies testing the right metrics in their massive trials? How long should they track patients before declaring a vaccine safe or effective? Should a vaccine, once authorized, be given to the volunteers in the placebo arm of a trial?

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A top drug pro­gram at Bay­er clears a high bar for CKD — open­ing the door to an FDA pitch

Over the past 4 years, Bayer has been steering a major trial through a pivotal program to see if their drug finerenone could slow down the pace of chronic kidney disease in patients suffering from both CKD as well as Type 2 diabetes.

Today, their team jumped on a virtual meeting hosted by the American Society of Nephrology to offer a solid set of pivotal data to demonstrate that the drug can delay dialysis or a kidney replacement as well as cardio disease, while also adding some worrying signs of hyperkalemia among the patients taking the drug. And they’re hustling it straight to regulators in search of an approval for kidney disease and cardio patients — one of the toughest challenges in the book, as demonstrated by repeated past failures.

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Michel Vounatsos, Biogen CEO (via YouTube)

UP­DAT­ED: Bio­gen spot­lights a pair of painful pipeline set­backs as ad­u­canum­ab show­down looms at the FDA

Biogen has flagged a pair of setbacks in the pipeline, spotlighting the final failure for a one-time top MS prospect while scrapping a gene therapy for SMA after the IND was put on hold due to toxicity.

Both failures will raise the stakes even higher on aducanumab, the Alzheimer’s drug that Biogen is betting the ranch on, determined to pursue an FDA OK despite significant skepticism they can make it with mixed results and a reliance on post hoc data mining. And the failures are being reported as Biogen was forced to cut its profit forecast for 2020 as a generic rival started to erode their big franchise drug.

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Biond­Vax stock im­plodes af­ter a big PhI­II gam­ble for its uni­ver­sal flu vac­cine fails

After flying high on Wall Street for the last few months of a pandemic, BiondVax’s stock and dreams of getting approval for its universal flu vaccine hit the windshield.

The Jerusalem-based biotech announced on Friday that its only clinical candidate, M-001, failed both primary and secondary endpoints in a Phase III study. There was no statistically significant difference in reduction of flu illness and severity between the vaccine and placebo groups, according to the company. The vaccine did prove safe, if ineffective, BiondVax said.

Pascal Soriot, AstraZeneca CEO (Zach Gibson/Bloomberg via Getty Images)

UP­DAT­ED: FDA gives As­traZeneca the thumbs-up to restart PhI­II Covid-19 vac­cine tri­als, and J&J is prepar­ing to re­sume its study

Several countries had restarted their portions of AstraZeneca’s global Phase III Covid-19 vaccine trial after the study was paused worldwide in early September, but the US notably stayed on the sidelines — until now. Friday afternoon the pharma giant announced the all clear from US regulators. And on top of that, J&J announced Friday evening that it’s preparing to resume its own Phase III vaccine trial.

Ul­tragenyx in­jects $40M to grab Solid's mi­crody­s­trophin trans­gene — while side­step­ping the AAV9 vec­tor that stirred up safe­ty fears

Since before Ilan Ganot started Solid Bio to develop a gene therapy for kids like his son, who has Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Ultragenyx CEO Emil Kakkis has been watching and advising the former investment banker as he navigated the deep waters of drug development.

Just as Solid is getting back up on its feet after a yearlong clinical hold, Kakkis has decided to jump in for a formal alliance.

With a $40 million upfront, Ultragenyx is grabbing 14.45% of Solid’s shares $SLDB and the rights to its microdystrophin construct for use in combination with AAV8 vectors. Solid’s lead program, which utilizes AAV9, remains unaffected. The company also retains rights to other applications of its transgene.

Adam Koppel and Jeffrey Schwartz, Bain

Bain ex­ecs Adam Kop­pel and Jef­frey Schwartz line up $125M for their first blank check deal as Wall Street con­tin­ues to em­brace biotech

Adam Koppel and Jeffrey Schwartz have jumped into the blank check game, raising $125 million for a stock listing in search of a company.

Their SPAC, BCLS Acquisition Corp, raised $125 million this week, with a line on $25 million more as it scouts for a biotech in search of money and a place on Wall Street.

The two principals at Bain Life Sciences have been on a romp since they set up the Bain operation 4 years ago. Their S-1 spells out a track record of 22 deals totaling $650 million for the life sciences group, which led to 9 IPOs.

Covid-19 roundup: An mR­NA play­er gets a boost out of the lat­est round of an­i­mal da­ta; Phase­Bio pulls the plug on treat­ment tri­al

The big tell for CureVac $CVAC is coming up with a looming early-stage readout on their mRNA Covid-19 vaccine in the clinic. But for now they’ll make do with an upbeat assessment on the preclinical animal data they used to get into the clinic.

Researchers for the German biotech say they got the high antibody titers and T cell activation they were looking for, lining up a hamster challenge to demonstrate — in a simple model — that the vaccine could protect the furry creatures. Like the other mRNA vaccines, the drug sends instructions to spur cells to decorate themselves with the distinctive spike on the virus to elicit an immune response.

Stephen Hahn, FDA commissioner (AP Images)

As FDA sets the stage for the first Covid-19 vac­cine EUAs, some big play­ers are ask­ing for a tweak of the guide­lines

Setting the stage for an extraordinary one-day meeting of the Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee this Thursday, the FDA has cleared 2 experts of financial conflicts to help beef up the committee. And regulators went on to specify the safety, efficacy and CMC input they’re looking for on EUAs, before they move on to the full BLA approval process.

All of this has already been spelled out to the developers. But the devil is in the details, and it’s clear from the first round of posted responses that some of the top players — including J&J and Pfizer — would like some adjustments and added feedback. And on Thursday, the experts can offer their own thoughts on shaping the first OKs.

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