Amid Covid-19 hunt, Pfiz­er adds Ly­me dis­ease vac­cine in $308M deal with Val­ne­va

In the midst of their $500 mil­lion pro­gram to build a Covid-19 vac­cine with BioN­Tech, Pfiz­er has an­nounced a siz­able deal to com­mer­cial­ize a vac­cine for a far dif­fer­ent dis­ease.

Pfiz­er and Val­ne­va have agreed to an up-to $308 mil­lion deal on the French biotech’s Ly­me dis­ease vac­cine. The deal in­cludes a $130 mil­lion up­front pay­ment for Val­ne­va, whose can­di­date is now in Phase II. On top of that, there are mile­stones and ul­ti­mate­ly a 19% roy­al­ty on sales. Val­ne­va will still be in charge of 30% of the com­mer­cial­iza­tion costs.

Al­though the vac­cine mar­ket has been ail­ing for years, Pfiz­er has a block­buster in their pneu­mo­coc­cal vac­cine, Pre­vnar 13, and are in late stages on a suc­ces­sor vac­cine. The deal comes at a time of re­newed in­ter­est in the field, a phe­nom­e­non the Covid-19 pan­dem­ic and the drug hunt around it have on­ly ac­cel­er­at­ed. Ear­li­er this month, Affini­vax raised $120 mil­lion in a Se­ries C, and in March, SutroVax raised $110 mil­lion for their at­tempt to ri­val Pfiz­er’s Pre­vnar 13 — both stan­dard sums these days for on­col­o­gy but large in the con­text of in­fec­tious dis­ease re­search.

The hunt for a Ly­me dis­ease vac­cine is decades old, dat­ing to not long af­ter the dis­cov­ery of the tick-born ill­ness and the bac­te­ria that caused it in the 1970s and 80s. In 1998, SmithK­line Beecham beat out Pas­teur Mérieux Con­naught (the Sanofi Pas­teur pre­de­ces­sor) and got LY­MEr­ix, a re­com­bi­nant DNA vac­cine that re­quired 3 shots and was about 80% ef­fec­tive, ap­proved by the FDA.

The ap­proval, though, dove­tailed with the be­gin­nings of the mod­ern an­ti-vac­ci­na­tion move­ment in the Unit­ed States. Grow­ing re­ports of joint pain and oth­er safe­ty com­plaints with the vac­cine led to a class ac­tion law­suit against SmithK­line. Al­though the suit was set­tled with­out com­pen­sa­tion and an FDA re­view found no ev­i­dence for arthri­tis or oth­er un­ex­pect­ed ad­verse ef­fects, sales dropped pre­cip­i­tous­ly. SmithK­line pulled the drug off the mar­ket in 2002, cit­ing poor com­mer­cial per­for­mance.

The con­tro­ver­sy set back the field con­sid­er­ably. Pas­teur Mérieux Con­naught nev­er ap­plied for their vac­cine. To­day, al­though you can in­oc­u­late your dog against Ly­me dis­ease, you can­not in­oc­u­late your­self or your kid.

Thomas Lin­gel­bach

Val­ne­va, cre­at­ed af­ter the failed Aus­tri­an vac­cine com­pa­ny In­ter­cell merged with the French biotech Vi­valis in 2012, be­gan work­ing on a Ly­me dis­ease vac­cine short­ly af­ter its birth. They claim to have the on­ly Ly­me dis­ease vac­cine in de­vel­op­ment.

The vac­cine, VLA15, tar­gets the six most com­mon types of Bor­re­lia bac­te­ria that cause Ly­me dis­ease, mak­ing it a po­ten­tial can­di­date for use across Eu­rope and North Amer­i­ca. It is a pro­tein sub­unit vac­cine, mean­ing it con­tains on­ly the anti­gens from the bac­te­ria that the body will make an­ti­bod­ies against. They have fast-track des­ig­na­tion and are ex­pect­ing re­sults from their Phase II by mid-2020. CEO Thomas Lin­gel­bach has said he ex­pects to bring the prod­uct to mar­ket in 4-5 years.

The num­ber of peo­ple di­ag­nosed with Ly­me dis­ease has ex­pand­ed con­sid­er­ably in Amer­i­ca and Eu­rope in the two decades since LY­MEx­is’s ap­proval, po­ten­tial­ly set­ting up a large mar­ket if the vac­cine is ap­proved.

So­cial: Thomas Lin­gel­bach, Val­ne­va CEO via YouTube

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Since January 2020, the clinical trials ecosystem has quickly evolved to manage roadblocks impeding clinical trial integrity, and patient care and safety amid a global pandemic. Closed borders, reduced air traffic and delayed or canceled flights disrupted global distribution, revealing how flexible logistics and supply chains can secure the timely delivery of clinical drug products and therapies to sites and patients.

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Roger Perlmutter is spending his last days at Merck, well, spending.

Two weeks after snapping up the antibody-drug conjugate biotech VelosBio for $2.75 billion, Merck announced today that it had purchased OncoImmune and its experimental Covid-19 drug for $425 million. The drug, known as CD24Fc, appeared to reduce the risk of respiratory failure or death in severe Covid-19 patients by 50% in a 203-person Phase III trial, OncoImmune said in September.

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Pascal Soriot (AP Images)

UP­DAT­ED: As­traZeneca, Ox­ford on the de­fen­sive as skep­tics dis­miss 70% av­er­age ef­fi­ca­cy for Covid-19 vac­cine

On the third straight Monday that the world wakes up to positive vaccine news, AstraZeneca and Oxford are declaring a new Phase III milestone in the fight against the pandemic. Not everyone is convinced they will play a big part, though.

With an average efficacy of 70%, the headline number struck analysts as less impressive than the 95% and 94.5% protection that Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna have boasted in the past two weeks, respectively. But the British partners say they have several other bright spots going for their candidate. One of the two dosing regimens tested in Phase III showed a better profile, bringing efficacy up to 90%; the adenovirus vector-based vaccine requires minimal refrigeration, which may mean easier distribution; and AstraZeneca has pledged to sell it at a fraction of the price that the other two vaccine developers are charging.

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The ad­u­canum­ab co­nun­drum: The PhI­II failed a clear reg­u­la­to­ry stan­dard, but no one is cer­tain what that means any­more at the FDA

Eighteen days ago, virtually all of the outside experts on an FDA adcomm got together to mug the agency’s Billy Dunn and the Biogen team when they presented their upbeat assessment on aducanumab. But here we are, more than 2 weeks later, and the ongoing debate over that Alzheimer’s drug’s fate continues unabated.

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Pur­due Phar­ma pleads guilty in fed­er­al Oxy­Con­tin probe, for­mal­ly rec­og­niz­ing it played a part in the opi­oid cri­sis

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Close Gilead ally Galapagos is selling off one of its contract research organizations to a Polish pharma company.

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The Danish biotech reported Tuesday that it decided to kill their program for enapotamab vedotin after the data gathered from expansion cohorts failed to measure up. According to the company:

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Michelle Longmire, Medable CEO (Jeff Rumans)

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The software provider recently launched three new apps for decentralizing clinical trials, and saw a 500% revenue spike this year. And it isn’t alone. Back in August, Science 37 secured a $40 million round for its virtual trial tech, with support from Novartis, Sanofi Ventures and Amgen. Patients and researchers are taking a liking to the online approach, suggesting regulators could allow it to become a new normal even after the pandemic is over.

PhRMA sues Trump gov­ern­ment over drug im­por­ta­tion rule — days be­fore it's set to be ef­fec­tive

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