Badrul Chowd­hury jumps ship at the FDA and moves to As­traZeneca, join­ing an ex­o­dus of agency of­fi­cials

Twen­ty-year FDA vet­er­an Badrul Chowd­hury, most re­cent­ly di­rec­tor of the Cen­ter for Drug Eval­u­a­tion and Re­search’s (CDER) Di­vi­sion of Pul­monary, Al­ler­gy and Rheuma­tol­ogy Prod­ucts, has tak­en a job this month as se­nior vice pres­i­dent at As­traZeneca.

As­traZeneca tells End­points News that Chowd­hury will be mov­ing in­to a top re­search job, tak­ing on the role of se­nior vice pres­i­dent of re­search de­vel­op­ment at As­traZeneca and Med­Im­mune, where he will be head­ing up the Res­pi­ra­to­ry, In­flam­ma­tion, and Au­toim­mu­ni­ty, In­no­v­a­tive Med­i­cine and Ear­ly De­vel­op­ment Bio­med Unit.

Chow­dury joined the agency in 1997 and left on 16 April. And Chow­dury isn’t the on­ly one to leave in re­cent months for an in­dus­try job, FDA said.

Sarah Pope Miksin­s­ki, for­mer di­rec­tor of the Of­fice of New Drug Prod­ucts in FDA’s Of­fice of Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal Qual­i­ty, left the agency in Feb­ru­ary, al­so for As­traZeneca. And last Ju­ly, Ge­of­frey Kim, for­mer di­rec­tor of FDA’s Di­vi­sion of On­col­o­gy Prod­ucts moved to As­traZeneca to be­come its VP of on­col­o­gy and head of on­col­o­gy strate­gic com­bi­na­tions.

Mean­while, Jean-Marc Guet­ti­er, for­mer di­rec­tor of FDA’s Di­vi­sion of Me­tab­o­lism and En­docrinol­o­gy Prod­ucts, left FDA in De­cem­ber 2017 for Sanofi, Ni­raj Mehta, for­mer as­so­ciate di­rec­tor for glob­al reg­u­la­to­ry pol­i­cy at FDA moved over to Mer­ck as a di­rec­tor in March 2018, and Thomas Cos­grove, for­mer di­rec­tor of FDA’s Of­fice of Man­u­fac­tur­ing Qual­i­ty in the Of­fice of Com­pli­ance, left in No­vem­ber 2017 to join the law firm Cov­ing­ton & Burl­ing.

Reg­u­la­to­ry con­sult­ing firms like Green­leaf Health al­so fre­quent­ly poach for­mer FDAers with decades of ex­pe­ri­ence, in­clud­ing for­mer Of­fice of New Drugs Di­rec­tor John Jenk­ins.

Ques­tions have been raised in re­cent years on the re­volv­ing door be­tween in­dus­try and FDA, par­tic­u­lar­ly as ex­pe­ri­ence at the agency can lead to lu­cra­tive salaries and cre­ate con­flicts where re­la­tion­ships be­tween in­dus­try and FDA are al­ready cozy.

Back in 2015, the Eu­ro­pean Med­i­cines Agency tight­ened its pol­i­cy on the re­volv­ing door, not­ing that if nec­es­sary, it would be­gin ver­i­fy­ing if pre­vi­ous sci­en­tif­ic re­views in which a per­son jump­ing ship to in­dus­try had been com­pro­mised.

On the flip side, FDA re­lies on in­dus­try funds to do its work, of­ten hires in­dus­try ex­perts and us­es out­side ex­per­tise from phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal com­pa­nies to in­form guid­ance doc­u­ments and rule­mak­ings.

FDA Com­mis­sion­er Scott Got­tlieb and his pre­de­ces­sor, Robert Califf, were both crit­i­cized ahead of their con­fir­ma­tion hear­ings for be­ing too close­ly linked to in­dus­try, but both com­mis­sion­ers have al­so shown how their ex­pe­ri­ence can be uti­lized in the top job.


First pub­lished here. Reg­u­la­to­ry Fo­cus is the flag­ship on­line pub­li­ca­tion of the Reg­u­la­to­ry Af­fairs Pro­fes­sion­als So­ci­ety (RAPS), the largest glob­al or­ga­ni­za­tion of and for those in­volved with the reg­u­la­tion of health­care and re­lat­ed prod­ucts, in­clud­ing med­ical de­vices, phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals, bi­o­log­ics and nu­tri­tion­al prod­ucts. Email news@raps.org for more in­for­ma­tion.
Im­age: Badrul Chowd­bury.
FDA

Author

Zachary Brennan

managing editor, RAPS

A New Fron­tier: The In­ner Ear

What happens when a successful biotech venture capitalist is unexpectedly diagnosed with a chronic, life-disrupting vertigo disorder? Innovation in neurotology.

That venture capitalist was Jay Lichter, Ph.D., and after learning there was no FDA-approved drug treatment for his condition, Ménière’s disease, he decided to create a company to bring drug development to neurotology. Otonomy was founded in 2008 and is dedicated to finding new drug treatments for the hugely underserved community living with balance and hearing disorders. Helping patients like Jay has been the driving force behind Otonomy, a company heading into a transformative 2020 with three clinical trial readouts: Phase 3 in Ménière’s disease, Phase 2 in tinnitus, and Phase 1/2 in hearing loss. These catalysts, together with others in the field, highlight the emerging opportunity in neurotology.
Otonomy is leading the way in neurotology
Neurotology, or the treatment of inner ear neurological disorders, is a large and untapped market for drug developers: one in eight individuals in the U.S. have moderate-to-severe hearing loss, tinnitus or vertigo disorders such as Ménière’s disease.1 With no FDA-approved drug treatments available for these conditions, the burden on patients—including social anxiety, lower quality of life, reduced work productivity, and higher rates of depression—can be significant.2, 3, 4

Joe Jimenez, Getty

Ex-No­var­tis CEO Joe Jimenez is tak­ing an­oth­er crack at open­ing a new chap­ter in his ca­reer — and that in­cludes a new board seat and a $250M start­up

Joe Jimenez is back.

The ex-CEO of Novartis has taken a board seat on Century Therapeutics, the Versant and Bayer-backed startup focused on coming up with a brand new twist on cell therapies for cancer — a field where Jimenez made his mark backing the first personalized CAR-T approved for use.

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Can we make the an­tibi­ot­ic mar­ket great again?

The standard for-profit model in drug development is straightforward. Spend millions, even billions, to develop a medicine from scratch. The return on investment (and ideally a tidy profit) comes via volume and/or price, depending on the disease. But the string of big pharma exits and slew of biotech bankruptcies indicate that the model is sorely flawed when it comes to antibiotics.

The industry players contributing to the arsenal of antimicrobials are fast dwindling, and the pipeline for new antibiotics is embarrassingly sparse, the WHO has warned. Drugmakers are enticed by greener pastures, compared to the long, arduous and expensive path to antibiotic approval that offers little financial gain as treatments are typically priced cheaply, and often lose potency over time as microbes grow resistant to them.

Top Har­vard chemist caught up in FBI’s 'T­hou­sand Tal­ents' drag­net, ac­cused of ly­ing about Chi­nese con­nec­tions, pay

The FBI’s probe into the alleged theft of R&D secrets by Chinese authorities has drawn Harvard’s top chemist into its net.

The agency accused Charles M. Lieber, who chairs the university’s chemistry and chemical biology department, with lying about his involvement in China’s Thousand Talents campaign, which was established as a way of drawing in innovators from around the world. And the scientist, 60, was charged with making false statements about his ties to China.

The US attorneys office in Boston also announced charges against two Chinese nationals for helping the Chinese government.

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Eye­ing a trio of tri­al ini­ti­a­tions, Jim Wilson's gene ther­a­py start­up woos Bruce Gold­smith from Deer­field as CEO

Passage Bio — Jim Wilson’s self-described “legacy company” — has wooed a seasoned biotech executive to steer the clinical entry of its first three gene therapy programs.

Bruce Goldsmith jumps to the helm of Passage after a brief CEO stint at Civetta, a cancer-focused startup he helped launch while a venture partner at Deerfield. He takes over from OrbiMed partner and interim chief Stephen Squinto, who will now lead the R&D team.

The FTC and New York state ac­cuse Mar­tin Shkre­li of run­ning a drug mo­nop­oly. They plan to squash it — and per­ma­nent­ly ex­ile him

Pharma bro Martin Shkreli was jailed, publicly pilloried and forced to confront some lawmakers in Washington riled by his move to take an old generic and move the price from $17.50 per pill to $750. But through 4 years of controversy and public revulsion, his company never backed away from the price — left uncontrolled by a laissez faire federal policy on a drug’s cost.

Now the FTC and the state of New York plan to pry his fingers off the drug once and for all and open it up to some cheap competition. And their lawsuit is asking that Shkreli — with several years left on his prison sentence — be banned permanently from the pharma industry.

UP­DAT­ED: Ac­celeron res­ur­rects block­buster hopes for so­tater­cept with pos­i­tive PhII — and shares rock­et up

Acceleron $XLRN says that its first major trial readout of 2020 is a success.

In a Phase II study of 106 patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), Acceleron’s experimental drug sotatercept hit its primary endpoint: a significant reduction in pulmonary vascular resistance. The drug also met three different secondary endpoints, including the 6-minute walking test.

“We’re thrilled to report such positive topline results from the PULSAR trial,” Acceleron CEO Habib Dable said in a statement. The company said in a conference call they plan on discussing a Phase III trial design with regulators.

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Short at­tack­er Sahm Ad­ran­gi draws crosshairs over a fa­vorite of Sanofi’s new CEO — with PhII da­ta loom­ing

Sahm Adrang Kerrisdale

Kerrisdale chief Sahm Adrangi took a lengthy break from his series of biotech short attacks after his chief analyst in the field pulled up stakes and went solo. But he’s making a return to drug development this morning, drawing crosshairs over a company that’s one of new Sanofi CEO Paul Hudson’s favorite collaborators.

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Amber Saltzman (Ohana)

Flag­ship's first ven­ture of 2020 is out, and it's all about sperm

A couple years ago, Amber Salzman got a call as she was returning East full-time after a two-year stint running a gene therapy company in California.

It was from someone at Flagship Pioneering, the deep-pocketed biotech venture firm. They had a new company with a new way of thinking about sperm. It had been incubating for over a year, and now they wanted her to run it.

“It exactly fit,” Salzman told Endpoints News. “I just thought I had to do something.”