BioReg­num: The mir­a­cle drug sto­ry that just won’t die

Bioreg­num
The view from End­points

Eight years ago resver­a­trol was the mir­a­cle drug of the hour. Linked to pre­clin­i­cal ev­i­dence that it could ex­pand the life spans of mice, Glax­o­SmithK­line paid a whop­ping $720 mil­lion in cold, hard cash to get its hands on Sir­tris, the biotech start­up that promised to de­liv­er an an­ti-ag­ing mir­a­cle by turn­ing an in­gre­di­ent in red wine in­to a med­ical re­al­i­ty.

Queue the jokes about drink­ing more red wine for bet­ter health. This is the stuff head­lines are made of, and I was hap­py to par­tic­i­pate.

GSK, which just demon­strat­ed its ap­petite for dis­cov­ery and ear­ly-stage de­vel­op­ment with its elec­tro­ceu­ti­cal part­ner­ship with Ver­i­ly, didn’t do very well with its new sub­sidiary. Progress was slow. Telling­ly, aca­d­e­mics be­gan to de­bate over whether the an­i­mal stud­ies GSK bought in­to could ever be repli­cat­ed. And the phar­ma gi­ant even­tu­al­ly de­cid­ed to dis­band the Sir­tris team in Cam­bridge, MA and ab­sorb the work in its Philly op­er­a­tions.

That’s the last I heard about it from GSK.

Resver­a­trol, though, is mak­ing a come­back as a mir­a­cle drug.

I read in the au­gust pages of the Wall Street Jour­nal Mon­day that sci­en­tists the world over “ap­pear to be get­ting clos­er to har­ness­ing one of red wine’s most elu­sive health-giv­ing in­gre­di­ents and putting it in­to a pill.”

Shaz­am.

To back that up, the Jour­nal cites a tiny hu­man study last fall that tracked a bio­mark­er for Alzheimer’s, an aw­ful dis­ease that is still poor­ly un­der­stood and re­mains as one of the sin­gle great­est chal­lenges in bio­phar­ma re­search to­day, along with new aca­d­e­m­ic re­search at Uni­ver­si­ty of New South Wales and a project at a small biotech com­pa­ny in Flori­da called Jupiter Or­phan Ther­a­peu­tics.

Out of such small serv­ings a great feast is made.

One of the chal­lenges at resver­a­trol, aside from ever prov­ing that it could do what some sci­en­tists be­lieved it could, was find­ing a safe con­cen­tra­tion of the drug. As an in­gre­di­ent in wine, you’d have to drink an ocean of it in or­der to get any kind of ther­a­peu­tic ef­fect.

Per­haps one day sci­en­tists will fig­ure out how to make resver­a­trol in­to a drug. It’s al­ways en­ter­tain­ing to track these dis­cov­ery projects. But it’s al­so im­por­tant to dis­tin­guish the kind of ex­tra­or­di­nary risks and epic time­lines that are in­volved — es­pe­cial­ly when a mir­a­cle drug re­turns to main­stream me­dia, dressed up once again as a pipeline con­tender to be reck­oned with. — John Car­roll.

From left to right: Lilian Kim, Associate Director Business Development; John Moller, CEO; Yooni Kim, Executive Director, Asia Operations; Michelle Park, Director South Korea Operations.

Novotech CRO sees 26% growth in Asia tri­al ac­tiv­i­ty from biotechs, but still plen­ty of ca­pac­i­ty

As the Asia-Pacific clinical trials sector continues to grow rapidly, Novotech the Asia-Pacific-based CRO is seeing biotech clinical activity up by 26%. But says there is still plenty of capacity in the region that features advanced medical facilities, supportive regulatory environments, and more than 2.3 billion people, largely treatment naïve, living in urban areas.

China, South Korea and Australia have the most studies registered as recruiting or about to recruit according to ClinicalTrials.Gov.

Pfizer, South San Francisco — Jeff Rumans for Endpoints News

UP­DAT­ED: Pfiz­er takes aim at a flag­ship fran­chise at Sanofi and Re­gen­eron — and scores a few di­rect hits

Count Pfizer in as a top player in the blockbuster game of JAK1 inhibitors.

Over the weekend the pharma giant posted some stellar Phase III efficacy data for their heavyweight contender abrocitinib in atopic dermatitis (eczema) that lines up ahead of a booming Dupixent (dupilumab), a blockbuster in the portfolios of Regeneron and Sanofi. And they put some real distance ahead of Eli Lilly’s trailing Olumiant, which made a delayed initial arrival on the market for rheumatoid arthritis after the FDA hobbled it with some additional hurdles on safety concerns.

JADE-MONO-1 scores well for Pfizer, teeing up what will be an intensely followed breakdown of the JADE MONO-2 data, which the pharma giant recently top-lined as “similar” to the first Phase III when tested against a placebo — a control group that has been easily outclassed by all the drugs in this market niche.

As of now, Pfizer looks to be equipped to run into the review stage — advantaged by a breakthrough therapy designation that is intended to speed up the regulatory process.

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Cell ther­a­py start­up rais­es $16 mil­lion to fund its quest for the Holy Grail in re­gen­er­a­tive med­i­cine

In 2006, Shinya Yamanaka shook stem cell research with his discovery that mature cells can be converted into stem cells, relieving a longstanding political-ethical blockage and throwing open medical research on everything from curbing eye degeneration to organ printing.

But that process still has pitfalls, including in risk and scalability, and some researchers are exploring another way first hinted at years ago: new technology to convert mature cells directly into other mature cells without the complex and time-consuming process of first making them into stem cells.

Eye­ing $86M, Galera leads a pack of three mod­est biotech IPOs push­ing past high pro­file stum­bles

Exactly one year after kicking off a pivotal Phase III study for its lead drug — a companion for cancer patients receiving radiotherapy — Galera is looking to the Nasdaq for some new cash to complete the clinical work and fuel its commercial drive.

CEO Mel Sorensen has penciled in an $86 million ask, which was filed on the same day as liver disease company 89bio and rare disease diagnostics shop Centogene. The trio marks the first batch of IPO filings in the wake of two highly anticipated but ultimately disappointing public debuts by BioNTech and Vir, signaling dwindling biotech fervor on Wall Street. 89bio and Centogene are seeking $70 million and $69 million, respectively.

Pelosi drug pric­ing bill promis­es sav­ings, but could gag R&D — CBO analy­sis

The Democrats’ drug pricing bill — unveiled by Speaker Nancy Pelosi last month — could save Medicare spending by $345 billion over a seven year period, a new analysis suggests. But the venomous climate of impeachment proceedings and the intensifying discord between the Democrat-controlled House and Republican-majority Senate portends the bill will unlikely ever become law.

Technically, both sides of the aisle agree drug prices in the United States need some lowering. The Democrats’ bill, H.R.3 – Lower Drug Costs Now Act of 2019, is engineered to empower the HHS to negotiate prices for the 125 most expensive prescription drugs without at least two competitors — the Trump administration has already backed such a measure for the Veterans Association. Under the bill, prices for this category of medicines are not intended to exceed 120% of the average price in certain other countries (Australia, Canada, France, Germany and the United Kingdom), akin to a proposal floated by Trump earlier this year, which suggested prices be pegged against what other nations were paying as part of an “international pricing index”.

First place fin­ish: Eli Lil­ly just moved to fran­chise leader with their sec­ond mi­graine drug OK in 1 year

In a rare twist for Eli Lilly’s historically slow-moving R&D group, the pharma giant has seized bragging rights to a first-in-class new drug approval. And all signs point to an aggressive marketing followup as they look to outclass some major franchise rivals hobbled by internal dissension.

The FDA came through with an OK for lasmiditan on Friday evening, branding it as Reyvow and lining it up — once a substance classification comes through from the DEA — for a major market release. The oral drug binds to 5-HT1F receptors and is designed to stop an acute migraine after it starts. That makes it a complementary therapy to their CGRP drug Emgality, which has a statistically significant impact on preventing attacks.

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Hal Barron and Rick Klausner (GSK, Lyell)

Ex­clu­sive: GSK’s Hal Bar­ron al­lies with Rick Klaus­ner’s $600M cell ther­a­py start­up, look­ing to break new ground blitz­ing sol­id tu­mors

LONDON — Chances are, you’ve heard little or nothing about Rick Klausner’s startup Lyell. But that ends now.

Klausner, the former head of the National Cancer Institute, former executive director for global health at the Gates Foundation, co-founder at Juno and one of the leaders in the booming cell therapy field, has brought together one of the most prominent teams of scientists tackling cell therapy 2.0 — highlighted by a quest to bridge a daunting tech gap that separates some profound advances in blood cancers with solid tumors. And today he’s officially adding Hal Barron and GlaxoSmithKline as a major league collaborator which is pitching in a large portion of the $600 million he’s raised in the past year to make that vision a reality.

“We’ve being staying stealth,” Klausner tells me, then adding with a chuckle: “and going back to stealth after this.”

“Cell therapy has a lot of challenges,” notes Barron, the R&D chief at GSK, ticking off the resistance put up by solid tumors to cell therapies, the vein-to-vein time involved in taking immune cells out of patients, engineering them to attack cancer cells, and getting them back in, and more. “Over the years Rick and I talked about how it would be wonderful to take that on as a mission.”

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Patrick Mahaffy, Getty Images

Court green-lights Clo­vis case af­ter de­tail­ing ev­i­dence the board ‘ig­nored red flags’ on false safe­ty and ef­fi­ca­cy da­ta

Clovis investors have cleared a major hurdle in their long-running case against the board of directors, with a Delaware court making a rare finding that they had a strong enough case against the board to proceed with the action.

In a detailed ruling at the beginning of the month that’s been getting careful scrutiny at firms specializing in biotech and corporate governance, the Delaware Court of Chancery found that the attorneys for the investors had made a careful case that the board — a collection of experts that includes high-profile biotech entrepreneurs, a Harvard professor and well-known investigator as well as Clovis CEO Patrick Mahaffy — repeatedly ignored obvious warnings that Mahaffy’s executive crew was touting inflated, unconfirmed data for their big drug Roci. Serious safety issues were also reportedly overlooked while the company continued a fundraising campaign that brought in more than a half-billion dollars. And that leaves the board open to claims related to their role in the fiasco.

The bottom line:

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Bill Gates backs Gink­go Biowork­s' $350M raise to fu­el the buzzy syn­thet­ic bi­ol­o­gy 'rev­o­lu­tion'

If you want to understand Ginkgo Bioworks, the name should suffice: Bioworks, a spin off “ironworks,” that old industrial linchpin devoted to leveraging scale as a wellspring for vast new industries capable of remaking society. Ginkgo wants to be the ironworks for the revolution it’s heralded with as much fanfare as they can, playing off of one of the buzziest technologies in biotech.

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