Blue­bird en­dors­es plan for in­stall­ment-based pay­ments for cost­ly gene ther­a­py

Pay­ment-by-in­stall­ment to tack­le the sky­rock­et­ing costs of drugs has long been de­lib­er­at­ed in health pol­i­cy cir­cles, but is now gain­ing trac­tion on the man­u­fac­tur­er side in the field of gene ther­a­py, as back­lash to $1 mil­lion-plus prices of these one-shot treat­ments whose long-term dura­bil­i­ty has not been es­tab­lished forces drug­mak­ers to seek cre­ative so­lu­tions to en­sure re­im­burse­ment.

Nick Leschly. GET­TY

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Blue­bird bio $BLUE CEO Nick Leschly float­ed such a mod­el in an in­ter­view with the Wall Street Jour­nal on Tues­day at the JP Mor­gan Health­care con­fer­ence, in re­la­tion to its gene-re­place­ment ther­a­py Lenti­Glo­bin for be­ta tha­lassemia — a rare, in­her­it­ed blood dis­or­der — which is ex­pect­ed to win EU ap­proval this year, and US ap­proval in 2020. Pa­tients with the dis­or­der usu­al­ly re­quire life­long treat­ment with blood trans­fu­sions and med­ica­tion.

The to­tal price of the com­pa­ny’s gene ther­a­py has not been an­nounced, but is ex­pect­ed to be in the sev­en-fig­ure range, al­beit be­low $2.1 mil­lion — which the com­pa­ny be­lieves is the “in­trin­sic val­ue” of the treat­ment — the WSJ re­port said. The com­pa­ny’s pric­ing plan in­volves an up­front 20% of the cost of the treat­ment, while the rest is ex­pect­ed to come in 20% in­stall­ments per year via the in­sur­er if the drug does in­deed work as in­tend­ed.

Leerink an­a­lysts said they had mod­eled the launch price of Lenti­Glo­bin as $1.2 mil­lion in the US and $0.9 mil­lion in the EU.

“How­ev­er, 80% of the cost of gene ther­a­py would be at risk, and while the da­ta for Lenti­Glo­bin has been promis­ing in our view, long-term dura­bil­i­ty is still an un­known and low­er than ex­pect­ed dura­bil­i­ty could erode the as­sumed price,” they wrote in a note on Tues­day.

Blue­bird’s plan — akin to a mort­gage — in­volves an up­front cost, fol­lowed by in­stall­ments of pay­ment. Ex­cept un­like a mort­gage, the in­di­vid­ual (or in this case a pa­tient) sel­dom en­joys the free­dom of treat­ment choice, and pay­ments are based on out­comes. Be­fore he be­came FDA com­mis­sion­er, Scott Got­tlieb, in a re­port for the Wash­ing­ton-based pub­lic pol­i­cy think tank AEI Re­search in 2014, wrote that med­ical ad­vance­ments tan­ta­mount to cures ne­ces­si­tat­ed pay­ment mod­els that can spread the high up­front costs over time dur­ing which the pub­lic health and eco­nom­ic ben­e­fits can be re­al­ized.

In health­care for ex­am­ple the cost of a ro­bot­ic tool for per­form­ing surgery is typ­i­cal­ly spread out (or amor­tized) over the sev­en years dur­ing which the de­vice is pre­sumed to be use­ful, he not­ed. In terms of med­ical treat­ment, amor­ti­za­tion is a more op­er­a­tive con­cept. “In­stead of spread­ing out the costs over the use­ful life of a piece of cap­i­tal equip­ment, amor­ti­za­tion in this con­text would al­low a pay­er to spread out the costs over the pe­ri­od dur­ing which it would ac­crue the ben­e­fits of the re­duced down­stream costs from dis­ease avert­ed,” he wrote.

More re­cent­ly, an ICER re­port pub­lished in 2017 de­bat­ed the mer­its of the amor­ti­za­tion mod­el for gene ther­a­pies, sug­gest­ing that al­though the idea was com­mend­able it may ac­tu­al­ly con­tribute to in­creased over­all prices for al­ready ex­pen­sive treat­ments. Mean­while, there are al­so oth­er chal­lenges to im­ple­ment­ing such a scheme — for in­stance, in the Unit­ed States, where in­sur­ance is of­ten tied to em­ploy­ment, drug­mak­ers will be on the hook if pa­tients change jobs or in­sur­ance car­ri­ers.

The furor sur­round­ing drug price goug­ing has spawned oth­er ideas such as val­ue-based pay­ments, in which in­sur­ers are el­i­gi­ble to re­ceive retroac­tive re­bates if drugs don’t work as in­tend­ed. For in­stance, Spark Ther­a­peu­tics’$ONCE has de­ployed a sim­i­lar plan by agree­ing to re­bate cer­tain in­sur­ers if its $850,000-gene ther­a­py for in­her­it­ed vi­sion loss Lux­tur­na doesn’t work as promised. Tra­di­tion­al­ly, in­sur­ers pay for a drug — re­gard­less of whether it works or not.

2023 Spot­light on the Fu­ture of Drug De­vel­op­ment for Small and Mid-Sized Biotechs

In the context of today’s global economic environment, there is an increasing need to work smarter, faster and leaner across all facets of the life sciences industry.  This is particularly true for small and mid-sized biotech companies, many of which are facing declining valuations and competing for increasingly limited funding to propel their science forward.  It is important to recognize that within this framework, many of these smaller companies already find themselves resource-challenged to design and manage clinical studies themselves because they don’t have large teams or in-house experts in navigating the various aspects of the drug development journey. This can be particularly challenging for the most complex and difficult to treat diseases where no previous pathway exists and patients are urgently awaiting breakthroughs.

Albert Bourla, Pfizer CEO (Efren Landaos/Sipa USA/Sipa via AP Images)

Pfiz­er makes an­oth­er bil­lion-dol­lar in­vest­ment in Eu­rope and ex­pands again in Michi­gan

Pfizer is continuing its run of manufacturing site expansions with two new large investments in the US and Europe.

The New York-based pharma giant’s site in Kalamazoo, MI, has seen a lot of attention over the past year. As a major piece of the manufacturing network for Covid-19 vaccines and antivirals, Pfizer is gearing up to place more money into the site. Pfizer announced it will place $750 million into the facility, mainly to establish “modular aseptic processing” (MAP) production and create around 300 jobs at the site.

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Vas Narasimhan, Novartis CEO (Thibault Camus/AP Images, Pool)

No­var­tis bol­sters Plu­vic­to's case in prostate can­cer with PhI­II re­sults

The prognosis is poor for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. Novartis wants to change that by making its recently approved Pluvicto available to patients earlier in their course of treatment.

The Swiss pharma giant unveiled Phase III results Monday suggesting that Pluvicto was able to halt disease progression in certain prostate cancer patients when administered after androgen-receptor pathway inhibitor (ARPI) therapy, but without prior taxane-based chemotherapy. The drug is currently approved for patients after they’ve received both ARPI and chemo.

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Rick Modi, Affinia Therapeutics CEO

Ver­tex-part­nered gene ther­a­py biotech Affinia scraps IPO plans

Affinia Therapeutics has ditched its plans to go public in a relatively closed-door market that has not favored Nasdaq debuts for the drug development industry most of this year. A pandemic surge in 2020 and 2021 opened the doors for many preclinical startups, which caught Affinia’s attention and gave the gene therapy biotech confidence in the beginning days of 2022 to send in its S-1.

But on Friday, Affinia threw in the S-1 towel and concluded now is not the time to step onto Wall Street. The biotech has put out few public announcements since the spring of this year. Endpoints News picked the startup as one of its 11 biotechs to watch last year.

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Up­dat­ed: FDA re­mains silent on or­phan drug ex­clu­siv­i­ty af­ter last year's court loss

Since losing a controversial court case over orphan drug exclusivity last year, the FDA’s Office of Orphan Products Development has remained entirely silent on orphan exclusivity for any product approved since last November, leaving many sponsors in limbo on what to expect.

That silence means that for more than 70 orphan-designated indications for more than 60 products, OOPD has issued no public determination on the seven-year orphan exclusivity in the Orange Book, and no new listings of orphan exclusivity appear in OOPD’s searchable database, as highlighted recently by George O’Brien, a partner in Mayer Brown’s Washington, DC office.

Yuling Li, Innoforce CEO

In­no­force opens new man­u­fac­tur­ing site in Chi­na

Innoforce is off to the races at its new site in the city of Hangzhou, China.

The Chinese CDMO announced last week that it has started manufacturing at the new facility, which was built to offer process development and manufacturing operations for RNA, plasmid DNA, viral vectors and other cell therapeutics. It will also serve as Innoforce’s corporate HQ.

The company said it’s investing more than $200 million in the 550,000-square-foot manufacturing base for advanced therapies. The GMP manufacturing facility features space for producing plasmids with three 30-liter bioreactors. For viral vector manufacturing, Innoforce also has 200- and 500-liter bioreactors at its disposal, along with eight suites to make cell therapies. The site also includes several labs and warehouse spaces.

FDA grants or­phan drug des­ig­na­tion to Al­ger­non's ifen­prodil, while ex­clu­siv­i­ty re­mains un­clear

As the FDA remains silent on orphan drug exclusivity in the wake of a controversial court case, the agency continues to hand out new designations. The latest: Algernon Pharmaceuticals’ experimental lung disease drug ifenprodil.

The Vancouver-based company announced on Monday that ifenprodil received orphan designation in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a chronic lung condition that results in scarring of the lungs.  Most IPF patients suffer with a dry cough, and breathing can become difficult.

‘Catchy’ de­sign tops big ad buys on­line for grab­bing on­col­o­gists’ at­ten­tion — sur­vey

The cancer drug ads that get oncologists’ attention online are informative and use clear, eye-catching designs. That’s ZoomRx’s assessment in its most recent tracking survey, and while not necessarily surprising, the details in the research do break a few common misconceptions.

One of those is frequency, also known as the number of impressions an ad gets. No matter how many times oncologists saw a particular cancer drug ad, effectiveness prevailed in the survey across five drug brands. ZoomRx measured effectiveness as a combination of most attention-getting, relevant information and improved perception as reported by the doctors.

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Tim Walbert, Horizon Therapeutics CEO (via YouTube)

And then there were two: Janssen bows out of Hori­zon takeover ne­go­ti­a­tions

Horizon Therapeutics announced last week that it was in talks with three pharmaceutical giants that could take over the company. You can now remove one of them from the equation.

J&J’s Janssen, after Horizon reported its initial involvement in early discussions to acquire the rare disease biotech, issued a statement Saturday that said Janssen “does not intend to make an offer for Horizon,” and that Janssen is bound by restrictions set in Rule 2.8 of the Irish Takeover Rules. These rules are in place for any company interested in taking over Irish companies, with Horizon Therapeutics currently based in Dublin.

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