Bris­tol-My­ers las­sos the next big thing in I/O, grabs '214 rights in a record $3.6B deal with Nek­tar

Af­ter fig­ur­ing for days in a swirling mix of ru­mors about a pos­si­ble buy­out, Nek­tar Ther­a­peu­tics $NK­TR is putting an end to the buzz with a record, multi­bil­lion-dol­lar part­ner­ship deal with Bris­tol-My­ers Squibb for a mi­nor­i­ty share of its ear­ly-stage im­muno-on­col­o­gy drug NK­TR-214.

Look­ing for a ma­jor new com­mer­cial op­por­tu­ni­ty to fol­low up on its two big I/O lead­ers — Op­di­vo and Yer­voy — Bris­tol-My­ers has forged a broad deal that will give the big biotech an ex­clu­sive de­vel­op­ment pe­ri­od to pur­sue a broad new com­bo de­vel­op­ment pro­gram cov­er­ing 20 in­di­ca­tions in­volv­ing 9 tu­mors, match­ing ‘214 with Op­di­vo and Yer­voy.

Stephen Dober­stein

Bris­tol-My­ers $BMY is pay­ing Nek­tar $1.85 bil­lion in cash — in­clud­ing $850 mil­lion for an eq­ui­ty stake — in ex­change for a 35% rev­enue split on ‘214. There’s an­oth­er $1.78 bil­lion in mile­stones, of which $1.43 bil­lion is for near-term de­vel­op­ment and reg­u­la­to­ry mile­stones. That brings the to­tal at stake to $3.63 bil­lion.

That’s a new record for the deal­mak­ing charts, with num­bers that clear­ly in­di­cate that Bris­tol-My­ers — al­ready part­nered with Nek­tar on one small Op­di­vo pact — was not the on­ly in­ter­est­ed part­ner to hunt rights for this drug.

The deal gives Bris­tol-My­ers a pe­ri­od of ex­clu­siv­i­ty on these in­di­ca­tions and tu­mors that ex­tends to a com­mer­cial launch or sev­er­al years af­ter the ef­fec­tive date of the deal. And while the com­pa­ny has 14 months to get them un­der­way, the first tri­als are al­ready be­ing ramped up with a shot at reg­is­tra­tional da­ta that could start rolling in in about 18 to 24 months, ac­cord­ing to the Nek­tar team.

They’re plan­ning an R&D jug­ger­naut, one that will re­quire 15,000 pa­tients and a deep-pock­et play­er like Bris­tol-My­ers, which is all in on I/O as Mer­ck and ri­vals look to over­come their fron­trun­ner sta­tus.

“For years we’ve known how im­por­tant that path­way was but no one was able to safe­ly ac­cess that,” says Stephen Dober­stein, head of R&D for Nek­tar. “This was a sin­gu­lar achieve­ment, a re­al tour de force of pro­tein en­gi­neer­ing.”

And per­haps most im­por­tant­ly for Bris­tol-My­ers and Nek­tar, it’s an achieve­ment Dober­stein and oth­ers be­lieve will not be eas­i­ly mim­ic­ked by any­one else look­ing to achieve the same re­sult.

“There’s a re­al­ly spe­cial syn­er­gy be­tween NK­TR-214 and the way it ba­si­cal­ly changes the im­mune sys­tem and how that syn­er­gizes with the mech­a­nism of ac­tion of Op­di­vo,” adds Jonathan Za­levsky, Nek­tar’s chief sci­en­tif­ic of­fi­cer.

Saurabh Sa­ha

“We now have three ther­a­pies in im­muno-on­col­o­gy with val­i­dat­ed mech­a­nisms in IO which have shown clin­i­cal ben­e­fit,” says Saurabh Sa­ha, se­nior vice pres­i­dent and glob­al head of trans­la­tion­al med­i­cine at Bris­tol-My­ers: PD-1 (Op­di­vo), CT­LA-4 (Yer­voy) and now ‘214. “The T cell is the war­head against can­cer cells,” he adds. And sci­en­tists in both groups are ea­ger to con­tin­ue a broad pro­gram that doesn’t just spur a CD4/CD8 T cell at­tack on the can­cer cells, but al­so rais­es the lev­el of PD-L1 ex­pres­sion on T cells, get­ting them to reach more pa­tients more ef­fec­tive­ly.

Bris­tol-My­ers isn’t just hand­ing over a block­buster up­front. The I/O leader is al­so pay­ing 67.5% to 78% of the clin­i­cal tri­al costs in­volved in the com­bo stud­ies. And the pact leaves Nek­tar with sole pric­ing pow­er, part of a pack­age that leans heav­i­ly in its fa­vor.

The ther­a­py — an in-house project at Nek­tar which has a unique tar­get in the IL-2 path­way — is de­signed to bind to the CD122 re­cep­tor on the sur­face of CD-8 and CD-4 pos­i­tive im­mune cells to whip up an at­tack on var­i­ous can­cers.

That pro­file fit Bris­tol-My­ers per­fect­ly when Nek­tar ear­li­er struck a not un­com­mon 50/50 deal to use their drug in com­bi­na­tion with Op­di­vo (nivolum­ab), match­ing a ther­a­py aimed at dri­ving an im­mune re­sponse with a pop­u­lar check­point block­buster that helps take the brakes off the as­sault.

Jonathan Za­levsky

But Nek­tar at­tract­ed the in­dus­try spot­light at SITC last No­vem­ber with a med­ley of ear­ly-stage da­ta points that un­der­scored ‘214’s wide-rang­ing po­ten­tial. And then Bloomberg stirred the pot a few days ago with a re­port quot­ing sources claim­ing that Nek­tar — a hot­ly buzzed about M&A tar­get — was scout­ing deals, in­clud­ing a po­ten­tial sale.

With that kind of steamy spec­u­la­tion in a hot­house en­vi­ron­ment for biotech ac­qui­si­tions, Nek­tar’s shares have more than tripled in the last 4 months. Those M&A ru­mors were ini­tial­ly damp­ened by to­day’s news of a mega-part­ner­ship in­stead of a buy­out. And dis­ap­point­ed in­vestors quick­ly drove down Nek­tar’s shares more than 3% ear­ly Wednes­day morn­ing, with the stock jump­ing in­to the green by mid-morn­ing as some up­beat as­sess­ments of the deal be­gan to cir­cu­late.

At SITC, Nek­tar’s in­ves­ti­ga­tors not­ed some high­lights on ‘214, in­clud­ing:

•In treat­ment-naïve first-line pa­tients with stage IV melanoma, re­searchers tracked re­spons­es in 7 of 11 pa­tients (63%), with 2 com­plete re­spons­es — no vis­i­ble signs of the dis­ease — and 5 par­tial re­spons­es. Not all of these num­bers are pre­cise. It’s im­por­tant to note though that one of the CRs and one of the PRs were un­con­firmed — em­pha­siz­ing just how ear­ly these re­sults were.

•Among 13 kid­ney can­cer pa­tients with one or more base­line scans, re­spons­es were ob­served in 6 (46%), with 1 com­plete re­sponse and 5 par­tials.

•For a small group of 4 pa­tients with ad­vanced PD-L1/neg­a­tive non-small cell lung can­cer, the in­ves­ti­ga­tors tracked a re­sponse in 3 (75%), with 1 com­plete and 2 par­tials.

“Sin­gle-agent nivolum­ab is known for all these in­di­ca­tions, with a 34% re­sponse for melanoma,” Mary Tagli­a­fer­ri, a top re­searcher at Nek­tar, told me last No­vem­ber. A com­bi­na­tion could prove to be sig­nif­i­cant­ly bet­ter.

That is par­tic­u­lar­ly im­por­tant for Bris­tol-My­ers, which earned $5 bil­lion from Op­di­vo sales last year. While on track to be­come a megablock­buster, new PD-1/L1 check­points are com­ing along that threat­en to over­whelm and com­modi­tize the first bunch of pi­o­neers, of­ten with lit­tle clear da­ta to dis­tin­guish one from an­oth­er. That leaves the fron­trun­ners look­ing for new and bet­ter ways to dis­tin­guish their drugs with com­bi­na­tions in­volv­ing ear­ly-stage ef­forts like this.

For Bris­tol-My­ers, the Nek­tar pro­gram of­fers a clear path to main­tain­ing a lead­er­ship role in I/O.

Ham­mer­ing away at these mech­a­nisms, the bio­mark­ers in­volved and the way these com­bi­na­tions work, says Sa­ha, is cru­cial to the longterm suc­cess of these drugs for pa­tients.

Adds Sa­ha: “This is the on­ly way we’re go­ing to be able to con­quer can­cer.”

Eli Lil­ly’s first PhI­II show­down for their $1.6B can­cer drug just flopped — what now?

When Eli Lilly plunked down $1.6 billion in cash to acquire Armo Biosciences a little more than a year ago, the stars seemed aligned in its favor. The jewel in the crown they were buying was pegilodecakin, which had cleared the proof-of-concept stage and was already in a Phase III trial for pancreatic cancer.

And that study just failed.

Lilly reported this morning that their cancer drug flopped on overall survival when added to FOLFOX (folinic acid, 5-FU, oxaliplatin), compared to FOLFOX alone among patients suffering from advanced pancreatic cancer.

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Med­ical an­i­ma­tion: Mak­ing it eas­i­er for the site and the pa­tient to un­der­stand

Medical animation has in recent years become an increasingly important tool for conveying niche information to a varied audience, particularly to those audiences without expertise in the specialist area. Science programmes today, for example, have moved from the piece-to-camera of the university professor explaining how a complex disease mechanism works, to actually showing the viewer first-hand what it might look like to shrink ourselves down to the size of an ant’s foot, and travel inside the human body to witness these processes in action. Effectively communicating a complex disease pathophysiology, or the novel mechanism of action of a new drug, can be complex. This is especially difficult when the audience domain knowledge is limited or non-existent. Medical animation can help with this communication challenge in several ways.
Improved accessibility to visualisation
Visualisation is a core component of our ability to understand a concept. Ask 10 people to visualise an apple, and each will come up with a slightly different image, some apples smaller than others, some more round, some with bites taken. Acceptable, you say, we can move on to the next part of the story. Now ask 10 people to visualise how HIV’s capsid protein gets arranged into the hexamers and pentamers that form the viral capsid that holds HIV’s genetic material. This request may pose a challenge even to someone with some virology knowledge, and it is that inability to effectively visualise what is going on that holds us back from fully understanding the rest of the story. So how does medical animation help us to overcome this visualisation challenge?

CSL ac­cus­es ri­val Pharm­ing of par­tic­i­pat­ing in a scheme to rip off IP on HAE while re­cruit­ing se­nior R&D staffer

Pharming has landed in the middle of a legal donnybrook after recruiting a senior executive from a rival R&D team at CSL. The Australian pharma giant slapped Pharming with a lawsuit alleging that the Dutch biotech’s new employee, Joseph Chiao, looted a large cache of proprietary documents as he hit the exit. And they want it all back.
Federal Judge Juan Sanchez in the Eastern District Pennsylvania court issued an injunction on Tuesday prohibiting Chiao from doing any work on HAE or primary immune deficiency in his new job and demanding that he return any material from CSL that he may have in his possession. And he wants Pharming to tell its employees not to ask for any information on the forbidden topics.
For its part, Pharming fired off an indignant response this morning denying any involvement in extracting any kind of IP from CSL, adding that it’s cooperating in the internal probe that CSL has underway.

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UP­DAT­ED: Alex­ion pays $930M to buy out Achillion and its promis­ing com­pan­ion drug to Soliris

After a series of stock-crunching setbacks over the years, Achillion enjoyed a turn in the sun a few weeks ago as the FDA blessed their lead drug danicopan (ACH-4471) — a complementary therapy for PNH patients taking Alexion’s Soliris — with a breakthrough drug designation after taking a look at some solid supporting Phase II data.

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Hal Barron, GSK's president of R&D and CSO, speaks to Endpoints News founder and editor John Carroll in London at Endpoints' #UKBIO19 summit on October 8, 2019

[Video] Cel­e­brat­ing tri­al fail­ures, chang­ing the cul­ture and al­ly­ing with Cal­i­for­nia dream­ers: R&D chief Hal Bar­ron talks about a new era at GSK

Last week I had a chance to sit down with Hal Barron at Endpoints’ #UKBIO19 summit to discuss his views on R&D at GSK, a topic that has been central to his life since he took the top research post close to 2 years ago. During the conversation, Barron talked about changing the culture at GSK, a move that involves several new approaches — one of which involves celebrating their setbacks as they shift resources to the most promising programs in the pipeline. Barron also discussed his new alliances in the Bay Area — including his collaboration pact with Lyell, which we covered here — frankly assesses the pluses and minuses of the UK drug development scene, and talks about his plans for making GSK a much more effective drug developer.

This is one discussion you won’t want to miss. Insider and Enterprise subscribers can log-in to watch the video.

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From left to right: Lilian Kim, Associate Director Business Development; John Moller, CEO; Yooni Kim, Executive Director, Asia Operations; Michelle Park, Director South Korea Operations.

Novotech CRO sees 26% growth in Asia tri­al ac­tiv­i­ty from biotechs, but still plen­ty of ca­pac­i­ty

As the Asia-Pacific clinical trials sector continues to grow rapidly, Novotech the Asia-Pacific-based CRO is seeing biotech clinical activity up by 26%. But says there is still plenty of capacity in the region that features advanced medical facilities, supportive regulatory environments, and more than 2.3 billion people, largely treatment naïve, living in urban areas.

China, South Korea and Australia have the most studies registered as recruiting or about to recruit according to ClinicalTrials.Gov.

The $102B club: The top 15 R&D spenders in the glob­al bio­phar­ma busi­ness — 2019 edi­tion

Over the past few years, the deluge of capital into biotech has helped lead to a dramatic shift in focus on new drug approvals, as startups are now able to raise enough cash to get through a pivotal and onto the market. But the top 15 players still account for $102 billion in spending, and their successes and failures continue to determine just how productive the industry is.

Recently we’ve seen a number of new R&D chiefs take their places at the Big 15, either setting the stage for a more focused R&D strategy — often playing more heavily in oncology. That’s true for AstraZeneca, which has had some landmark successes, and GSK, which is in search of its own turnaround in pharma R&D. HIV and vaccines are separate from that group, now led by Hal Barron.

I’ve made a point of watching their track record every year for more than a decade now. What follows is intended as a broad gauge of their activity. You don’t have to have a lot of major successes to score a winning record here, but it’s virtually impossible without a blockbuster or three in the pipeline.

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Andrew Dickinson, Gilead

Gilead­'s chief strat­e­gy ex­ec gets a big pro­mo­tion af­ter or­ches­trat­ing multi­bil­lion-dol­lar deals

After gaining credit as the architect of Gilead’s $12 billion Kite buyout as well as the recent $5 billion partnership with Galapagos, chief strategy officer Andrew Dickinson is being promoted to the prestigious CFO post at the big biotech. And new CEO Daniel O’Day says the latest move completes his makeover of the top team.
Dickinson will remain in charge of strategy in his new post.
A 3-year veteran at Gilead, Dickinson joined the bellwether biotech after a lengthy stint at Lazard Frères & Co, where he was global co-head of healthcare investing. Before that, ironically enough, he had been at Myogen, which was bought out by Gilead in 2006. Now he’ll be primarily responsible for building confidence in the numbers at a company that has a strong foundation in HIV, a disappearing franchise in hep C and a CAR-T subsidiary in Kite that has a long way to go in establishing a new business.

That big neu­ro­sciences R&D group Eli Lil­ly built is be­ing dis­man­tled, with lay­offs and parts shipped home

Seven years after Eli Lilly bulked up its neurosciences research group in Surrey and heralded the move as an indication of its commitment to the field, the pharma giant is shutting down and locking up labs.

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