John Damonti, Bristol Myers Squibb Foundation president (BMS)

Bris­tol My­ers Squibb Foun­da­tion launch­es pro­gram to tack­le di­ver­si­ty prob­lem in clin­i­cal tri­als

Over the last sev­er­al months, the pan­dem­ic has am­pli­fied calls for more di­verse clin­i­cal tri­als.

While mi­nor­i­ty pop­u­la­tions are con­tract­ing Covid-19 at high­er rates than white Amer­i­cans, they are no­tably un­der­rep­re­sent­ed in clin­i­cal tri­als. Black Amer­i­cans make up 13% of the US pop­u­la­tion, but on­ly 7% of par­tic­i­pants in clin­i­cal tri­als, ac­cord­ing to the FDA. And they’re be­ing in­fect­ed with Covid-19 at a 2.6 times high­er rate than white Amer­i­cans.

“The im­por­tance of di­ver­si­ty in the clin­i­cal tri­als for the vac­cines is just an­oth­er spot­light on an is­sue that’s been go­ing on for decades,” John Da­mon­ti, pres­i­dent of the Bris­tol My­ers Squibb Foun­da­tion, told End­points News. 

On Tues­day, the foun­da­tion launched a new pro­gram with the non­prof­it or­ga­ni­za­tion Na­tion­al Med­ical Fel­low­ships and backed it with $100 mil­lion to help clin­i­cal tri­als reach un­der­served pop­u­la­tions. The pro­gram con­sists of three parts: a train­ing com­po­nent for 250 new clin­i­cal in­ves­ti­ga­tors, fel­low­ships for 250 mi­nor­i­ty med­ical stu­dents, and an in­fra­struc­ture fund to help in­ves­ti­ga­tors build new clin­i­cal tri­al sites.

The new sites, he said, would ide­al­ly go “in clin­i­cal tri­al deserts where … the dis­ease bur­den is high but clin­i­cal tri­als don’t ex­ist in those sites, or even look to build­ing out in ur­ban cen­ters through safe­ty net hos­pi­tals and oth­ers.”

Prin­ci­pal in­ves­ti­ga­tors will men­tor the new clin­i­cal in­ves­ti­ga­tors who will men­tor the med­ical stu­dents, who will work in fed­er­al­ly qual­i­fied health cen­ters, safe­ty net hos­pi­tals and oth­er med­ical cen­ters in their com­mu­ni­ties.

“At the end of the day, even if you have 250 di­verse clin­i­cal in­ves­ti­ga­tors, if they’re not ac­tive­ly work­ing in the com­mu­ni­ties to build those re­la­tion­ships and build that trust, the pro­gram will not be as suc­cess­ful as it po­ten­tial­ly could be,” Da­mon­ti said.

The mon­ey comes from a $300 mil­lion com­mit­ment that Bris­tol My­ers Squibb and its foun­da­tion made back in Au­gust for health eq­ui­ty, di­ver­si­ty and in­clu­sion ef­forts. Na­tion­al Med­ical Fel­low­ships will help with im­ple­men­ta­tion, such as man­ag­ing com­po­nents of the ap­pli­ca­tion process and an in­de­pen­dent ad­vi­so­ry board.

Ap­pli­ca­tions will open in Jan­u­ary for clin­i­cal in­ves­ti­ga­tors, and Da­mon­ti ex­pects the first class to be­gin some­time in Sep­tem­ber.

“While the pa­tient re­sponse to med­ical ther­a­pies may dif­fer across racial and eth­nic sub­groups, clin­i­cal tri­als of­ten fail to rep­re­sent the de­mo­graph­ic di­ver­si­ty of the pop­u­la­tions that these prod­ucts aim to serve,” said Robert Winn, di­rec­tor of the Vir­ginia Com­mon­wealth Uni­ver­si­ty Massey Can­cer Cen­ter and chair of the na­tion­al ad­vi­so­ry com­mit­tee of the Bris­tol My­ers Squibb Foun­da­tion’s new pro­gram.

Black Amer­i­cans made up 20% of par­tic­i­pants in the NI­AID-fund­ed ACTT-1 tri­al of remde­sivir, ac­cord­ing to a New Eng­land Jour­nal of Med­i­cine piece. And Lat­inx and Na­tive Amer­i­cans, who are at a 2.8 times high­er risk of in­fec­tion than white Amer­i­cans, made up 23% and 0.7% of the ACTT-1 par­tic­i­pants, re­spec­tive­ly.

The is­sue isn’t unique to the pan­dem­ic. Out of 230 tri­als lead­ing to FDA on­col­o­gy OKs in the last decade or so, Black and Lat­inx par­tic­i­pants were “un­der­rep­re­sent­ed… rel­a­tive to their pro­por­tion among the US can­cer pop­u­la­tion,” ac­cord­ing to a piece pub­lished in JA­MA last year.

“The re­al out­come, and the im­pact of this pro­gram is go­ing to be mea­sured by the role that these in­di­vid­u­als can play in terms of at­tract­ing di­verse pa­tient pop­u­la­tions in­to clin­i­cal tri­als. That’s what this pro­gram has been cre­at­ed to do,” Da­mon­ti said. “We just want to make sure that the end of the day it’s the pa­tient that gets in­to the tri­al.”

A pre­vi­ous ver­sion of this ar­ti­cle stat­ed that the Bris­tol My­ers Squibb Foun­da­tion made a $300 mil­lion com­mit­ment in Au­gust for health eq­ui­ty ef­forts. The piece has been up­dat­ed to clar­i­fy that the biotech al­so par­tic­i­pat­ed in the com­mit­ment.

The DCT-OS: A Tech­nol­o­gy-first Op­er­at­ing Sys­tem - En­abling Clin­i­cal Tri­als

As technology-enabled clinical research becomes the new normal, an integrated decentralized clinical trial operating system can ensure quality, deliver consistency and improve the patient experience.

The increasing availability of COVID-19 vaccines has many of us looking forward to a time when everyday things return to a state of normal. Schools and teachers are returning to classrooms, offices and small businesses are reopening, and there’s a palpable sense of optimism that the often-awkward adjustments we’ve all made personally and professionally in the last year are behind us, never to return. In the world of clinical research, however, some pandemic-necessitated adjustments are proving to be more than emergency stopgap measures to ensure trial continuity — and numerous decentralized clinical trial (DCT) tools and methodologies employed within the last year are likely here to stay as part of biopharma’s new normal.

Onno van de Stolpe, Galapagos CEO (Thierry Roge/Belga Mag/AFP via Getty Images)

Gala­pa­gos chops in­to their pipeline, drop­ping core fields and re­or­ga­niz­ing R&D as the BD team hunts for some­thing 'trans­for­ma­tive'

Just 5 months after Gilead gutted its rich partnership with Galapagos following a bitter setback at the FDA, the Belgian biotech is hunkering down and chopping the pipeline in an effort to conserve cash while their BD team pursues a mission to find a “transformative” deal for the company.

The filgotinib disaster didn’t warrant a mention as Galapagos laid out its Darwinian restructuring plans. Forced to make choices, the company is ditching its IPF molecule ’1205, while moving ahead with a Phase II IPF study for its chitinase inhibitor ’4617.

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Angela Merkel (AP Photo/Michael Sohn)

Covid-19 roundup: Pfiz­er sub­mits vac­cine for full ap­proval; Merkel op­pos­es Biden pro­pos­al to sus­pend IP for vac­cines

Pfizer and BioNTech said Friday that they’ve submitted a biologics license application to the FDA for full approval of their mRNA vaccine for those over the age of 16.

How long it will take the FDA to decide on the BLA will be set once it’s been formally accepted by the agency.

Peter Marks, director of the FDA’s Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, previously told Endpoints News that the review of the BLA should take between three and four months, but it may be even faster than that.

As­traZeneca caps PD-L1/CT­LA-4/chemo com­bo come­back with OS win. Is treme­li­mum­ab fi­nal­ly ready for ap­proval?

AstraZeneca’s closely-watched POSEIDON study continues to be the rare bright spot in its push for an in-house PD-L1/CTLA-4 combo.

Combining Imfinzi and tremelimumab with physicians’ choice of chemotherapy helped patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer live longer, the company reported — marking the first time the still-experimental tremelimumab has demonstrated an OS benefit.

For AstraZeneca and CEO Pascal Soriot, the positive readout — which is devoid of numbers — offers much-needed validation for the big bet they made on Imfinzi plus tremelimumab, after the PD-L1/CTLA-4 regimen failed multiple trials in head and neck cancer as well as lung cancer.

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An­oth­er failed tri­al for Or­p­hazyme's 'pipeline-in-a-pro­duc­t' leaves shad­ow on drug's fu­ture

The tumultuous ride for Orphazyme continued on Friday as the company announced that a pivotal trial for its lead drug arimoclomol failed yet again, this time in the treatment of ALS, seeding doubt in a drug that had recently been cleared by the FDA for priority review. The latest failure casts a darker shadow on the upcoming decision despite Orphazyme’s upbeat outlook.

In a statement, the Danish biotech announced that the drug did not meet its primary or secondary endpoints evaluating function and survival. But the company has not announced any data surrounding the failure, instead saying that it will publish the complete results later this year.

Stéphane Bancel, Getty

Mod­er­na CEO brush­es off US sup­port for IP waiv­er, eyes more than $19B in Covid-19 vac­cine sales in 2021

Moderna is definitively more concerned with keeping pace with Pfizer in the race to vaccinate the world against Covid-19 than it is with Wednesday’s decision from the Biden administration to back an intellectual property waiver that aims to increase vaccine supplies worldwide.

In its first quarter earnings call on Thursday, Moderna CEO Stéphane Bancel shrugged off any suggestion that the newly US-backed intellectual property waiver would impact his company’s vaccine or bottom line. Still, the company’s stock price fell by about 9% in early morning trading.

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Ad­comm splits slight­ly in fa­vor of FDA ap­prov­ing Chemo­Cen­tryx’s rare dis­ease drug

The FDA’s Arthritis Advisory Committee on Thursday voted 10 for and 8 against the approval of ChemoCentryx’s $CCXI investigational drug avacopan as a treatment for adults with a rare and serious disease known as anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-vasculitis.

The vote on whether the FDA should approve the drug was preceded by a split vote of 9 to 9 on whether the efficacy data support approval, and 10 to 8 that the safety profile of avacopan is adequate enough to support approval.

In­cyte ponies up $12M to set­tle char­i­ty foun­da­tion kick­back claims; US ex­er­cis­es op­tion for more dos­es of mon­key­pox vac­cine

One in a string of lawsuits targeting copay charity foundations, the DOJ has been hunting drugmaker Incyte for what prosecutors alleged was a kickback scheme to court patients. Now, Incyte is clearing its name.

Incyte will shell out $12.6 million to settle claims it funneled funds through a charity foundation to cover federal copays for patients taking its JAK inhibitor Jakafi, the DOJ said this week.

UP­DAT­ED: EMA safe­ty com­mit­tee seeks more in­fo on heart in­flam­ma­tion fol­low­ing Pfiz­er Covid-19 vac­cine

The European Medicines Agency’s safety committee said Friday that it’s aware of cases of inflammation of the heart muscle and inflammation of the membrane around the heart, mainly reported following vaccination with Pfizer’s Covid-19 vaccine, known in Europe as Comirnaty.

“There is no indication that these cases are due to the vaccine,” the EMA’s Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee said.

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