Bruce Booth and Samantha Truex's latest venture aims just above Humira
In 2000, about a year after the first trial data on Humira came out, a Japanese team identified a new gene that appeared to prevent GI cancer in mice: gasdermin, they called it, after the particular proteins it expressed.
Over the next decade-and-a-half, researchers found five more genes in the same family – often identified as gasdermin A, B, C, D, E and F – and yet their purpose baffled scientists. Mutations in A appeared to make mice bald (alopecia), but deleting it had no effect. Mutations in F and A were linked to deafness. Mutant E caused human cells to self-destruct.
“The exact biological function of these proteins remained unknown for more than 15 years,” three of the field’s top researchers wrote in a Nature review in November.
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