Roger Perlmutter, Merck

Catch­ing up with Roche, Mer­ck racks up pos­i­tive da­ta in front­line triple neg­a­tive breast can­cer

Mer­ck’s Keytru­da may not have qual­i­fied as a sec­ond- or third-line treat­ment of triple neg­a­tive breast can­cer, but the PD-1 in­hibitor is show­ing promise for the first-line set­ting in a Phase III tri­al.

In­ves­ti­ga­tors for the KEYNOTE-355 study re­port that Keytru­da plus chemother­a­py sig­nif­i­cant­ly im­proved pro­gres­sion-free sur­vival for pa­tients with metasta­t­ic TNBC whose tu­mors ex­press PD-L1 com­pared to chemo alone, hit­ting a co-pri­ma­ry end­point.

The topline re­sult was from an in­ter­im analy­sis. The oth­er pri­ma­ry end­point, over­all sur­vival, is still be­ing eval­u­at­ed.

Front­line triple neg­a­tive breast can­cer — a par­tic­u­lar­ly hard to treat form of the dis­ease that ac­counts for 10% to 20% of all breast can­cer cas­es — is one of the rare fields in which Roche’s PD-L1 Tecen­triq has en­joyed a head start over Keytru­da and Op­di­vo, the lead­ers in the check­point race. Tecen­triq is ap­proved in com­bi­na­tion with Abrax­ane for this in­di­ca­tion.

It didn’t help when Mer­ck con­ced­ed fail­ure in KEYNOTE-119, where Keytru­da failed to help pre­vi­ous­ly treat­ed pa­tients live longer.

But things soon took a turn for the bet­ter, as the com­pa­ny found that a neoad­ju­vant reg­i­men of Keytru­da and chemo — fol­lowed by Keytru­da monother­a­py af­ter surgery — in­duced a high­er patho­log­i­cal com­plete re­sponse rate. The con­trol arm, which re­ceived chemo alone, saw a pCR of 51.2% ver­sus 64.8% for the Keytru­da group.

That’s a key mark­er for pro­gres­sion and re­cur­rence, ex­ecs said.

But SVB Leerink an­a­lysts are less op­ti­mistic. In a note, Daina Gray­bosch point­ed out that the tri­al had six pri­ma­ry end­points, not all of which ap­peared to have been met. On­ly pa­tients with PD-L1 Com­bined Pos­i­tive Score (CPS) ≥ 10 ben­e­fit­ed, but not those whose CPS was high­er than or equal to 1.

Though they re­port­ed pos­i­tive topline da­ta for Keytru­da (pem­brolizum­ab) with chemother­a­py in PD-L1 high pa­tients, the reg­i­men failed to show ben­e­fit in a broad­er TNBC pop­u­la­tion. By the time Mer­ck en­ters the mar­ket, Roche will have a two-year lead, in ad­di­tion to a more pre­dic­tive bio­mark­er for clin­i­cal ben­e­fit (im­mune-cell (IC) PD-L1). A launch for Keytru­da in neo-ad­ju­vant TNBC would mit­i­gate this mar­ket risk, but we do not ex­pect this un­til 2021 at the ear­li­est, await­ing more ma­ture dis­ease-free sur­vival da­ta.

Roger Perl­mut­ter, who over­sees Keytru­da’s ex­pan­sive de­vel­op­ment pro­gram, high­light­ed that tri­al — KEYNOTE-522 — to­geth­er with the new Phase III as he talked up the po­ten­tial of reg­is­tra­tion.

While tar­get­ed ther­a­pies have ben­e­fit­ed a num­ber of breast can­cer pa­tients, the fact that TNBC is nei­ther fu­eled by the hor­mones es­tro­gen and prog­es­terone nor by the HER2 pro­tein ren­ders it es­pe­cial­ly hard to treat.

“While de­tail da­ta has yet to be an­nounced, a PFS hit in this pop­u­la­tion is im­por­tant giv­en the lack of avail­able ther­a­pies in this dis­ease, and fur­ther in­di­cates a role of check­point in­hibitors in a sub­set (of) TNBC pa­tients,” Mara Gold­stein of Mizuho not­ed about KEYNOTE-355.

Roche is look­ing to ex­pand its suc­cess with the Tecen­triq and Abrax­ane reg­i­men by adding their PI3K/AKT path­way drug ipatasert­ib to the mix — with some en­cour­ag­ing ear­ly da­ta.

Oth­er small­er play­ers have ze­roed in on new tar­gets, such as pro­tein ki­nase C, Lipocalin 2 and CD24.

Scoop: Boehringer qui­et­ly shut­ters a PhII for one of its top drugs — now un­der re­view

Boehringer Ingelheim has quietly shut down a small Phase II study for one of its lead drugs.

The private pharma player confirmed to Endpoints News that it had shuttered a study testing spesolimab as a therapy for Crohn’s patients suffering from bowel obstructions.

A spokesperson for the company tells Endpoints:

Taking into consideration the current therapeutic landscape and ongoing clinical development programs, Boehringer Ingelheim decided to discontinue our program in Crohn’s disease. It is important to note that this decision is not based on any safety findings in the clinical trials.

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Vas Narasimhan (Photographer: Jason Alden/Bloomberg via Getty Images)

No­var­tis de­tails plans to axe 8,000 staffers as Narasimhan be­gins sec­ond phase of a glob­al re­org

We now know the number of jobs coming under the axe at Novartis, and it isn’t small.

The pharma giant is confirming a report from Swiss newspaper Tages-Anzeiger that it is chopping 8,000 jobs out of its 108,000 global staffers. A large segment will hit right at company headquarters in Basel, as CEO Vas Narasimhan axes some 1,400 of a little more than 11,000  jobs in Switzerland.

The first phase of the work is almost done, the company says in a statement to Endpoints News. Now it’s on to phase two. In the statement, Novartis says:

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How pre­pared is bio­phar­ma for the cy­ber dooms­day?

One of the largest cyberattacks in history happened on a Friday, Eric Perakslis distinctly remembers.

Perakslis, who was head of Takeda’s R&D Data Sciences Institute and visiting faculty at Harvard Medical School at the time, had spent that morning completing a review on cybersecurity for the British Medical Journal. Moments after he turned it in, he heard back from the editor: “Have you heard what’s going on right now?”

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Lina Gugucheva, NewAmsterdam Pharma CBO

Phar­ma group bets up to $1B-plus on the PhI­II res­ur­rec­tion of a once dead-and-buried LDL drug

Close to 5 years after then-Amgen R&D chief Sean Harper tamped the last spade of dirt on the last broadly focused CETP cholesterol drug — burying their $300 million upfront and the few remaining hopes for the class with it — the therapy has been fully resurrected. And today, the NewAmsterdam Pharma crew that did the Lazarus treatment on obicetrapib is taking another big step on the comeback trail with a €1 billion-plus regional licensing deal, complete with close to $150 million in upfront cash.

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(AP Photo/Gemunu Amarasinghe)

Some phar­ma com­pa­nies promise to cov­er abor­tion-re­lat­ed trav­el costs — while oth­ers won't go that far yet

As the US Department of Health and Human Services promises to support the millions of women who would now need to cross state lines to receive a legal abortion, a handful of pharma companies have said they will pick up employees’ travel expenses.

GSK, Sanofi, Johnson & Johnson, BeiGene, Alnylam and Gilead have all committed to covering abortion-related travel expenses just four days after the Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade and revoked women’s constitutional right to an abortion.

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Aurobindo Pharma co-founders P. V. Ram Prasad Reddy (L) and K. Nityananda Reddy

Au­robindo Phar­ma re­ceives warn­ing let­ter from In­di­a's SEC fol­low­ing more FDA ques­tion marks

Indian-based generics manufacturer Aurobindo Pharma has been in the crosshairs of the FDA for several years now, but the company is also attracting attention from regulators within the subcontinent.

According to the Indian business news site Business Standard, a warning letter was sent to the company from the Securities Exchange Board of India, or SEBI.

The letter is related to disclosures made by the company on an ongoing FDA audit of the company’s Unit-1 API facility in Hyderabad, India as well as observations made by the US regulator between 2019 and 2022.

Bristol Myers Squibb (Alamy)

CVS re­sumes cov­er­age of block­buster blood thin­ner af­ter price drop fol­lows Jan­u­ary ex­clu­sion

Following some backlash from the American College of Cardiology and patients, Bristol Myers Squibb and Pfizer lowered the price of their blockbuster blood thinner Eliquis, thus ensuring that CVS Caremark would cover the drug after 6 months of it being off the major PBM’s formulary.

“Because we secured lower net costs for patients from negotiations with the drug manufacturer, Eliquis will be added back to our template formularies for the commercial segment effective July 1, 2022, and patient choices will be expanded,” CVS Health said in an emailed statement. “Anti-coagulant therapies are among the non-specialty products where we are seeing the fastest cost increases from drug manufacturers and we will continue to push back on unwarranted price increases.”

#Can­nes­Lions2022: Con­sumer health ex­ecs call on agen­cies to in­volve pa­tients in cre­ative process

CANNES — When Tamara Rogers joined GSK back in 2018, “science was king and R&D were the gods.” Now the global chief marketing officer of consumer healthcare wants to make room for another supreme being: the consumer.

As health and wellness becomes more relevant to consumers amid the pandemic, four health-focused executives called on marketers to involve patients in their creative process in a panel discussion at the Cannes Lions advertising creativity festival.

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Scoop: Roche scraps one of two schiz­o­phre­nia PhII tri­als af­ter fail­ing the pri­ma­ry end­point

Roche has terminated one of two Phase II trials testing its drug ralmitaront in patients with schizophrenia, the Big Pharma confirmed to Endpoints News.

The study was terminated last month, according to a June 22 update to the registry on clinicaltrials.gov. Begun in September 2020, the trial was looking at ralmitaront in patients with acute schizophrenia. The trial enrolled 286 patients out of an originally planned 308.

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