Cel­gene signs Jounce as its new biotech star in $2.6B ‘im­muno-on­col­o­gy 2.0’ pact

Over the past year Cel­gene has com­mit­ted $1.25 bil­lion in cash – plus bil­lions more in mile­stones – to a pair of ma­jor im­muno-on­col­o­gy deals with Juno and Agios. To­day, Cel­gene has cho­sen its new star part­ner for can­cer R&D, step­ping up with a rich­ly front-end­ed $2.56 bil­lion deal to col­lab­o­rate with up­start Jounce Ther­a­peu­tics’ on its lead I/O pro­gram, plus a pack­age of treat­ments in dis­cov­ery.

It’s a clas­sic Cel­gene deal, swing­ing for the fences for a po­ten­tial block­buster or two while ag­gres­sive­ly woo­ing up-and-com­ing de­vel­op­ers with an open check­book and an open mind about leav­ing lead re­search ef­forts on the drugs to their new dance part­ner. More such deals are on the way, as top ex­ecs at Cel­gene pave the way to new pacts de­signed to take them well past the first wave of check­point in­hibitors, as well as the T cell treat­ments now in late-stage de­vel­op­ment, to com­mand a lead­ing role for it­self in the field.

Cel­gene is pay­ing $225 mil­lion in the up­front, adding $36 mil­lion in eq­ui­ty and com­mit­ting up to $2.3 bil­lion in mile­stones to com­plete the deal. In turn the big biotech gets dibs on a 40% share of U.S. prof­its for Jounce’s lead drug, the pre­clin­i­cal JTX-2011, plus a 75% share for its un­named suc­ces­sor and a split on three more pro­grams. There’s al­so an opt-in avail­able on an ex­per­i­men­tal check­point pro­gram tak­ing shape at Jounce.

Once Cel­gene choos­es to opt in, the two com­pa­nies will divvy up ex­pens­es the same way they plan to share prof­its. And Cel­gene gets all ex-U.S. rev­enue with a roy­al­ty stream for Jounce.

Rob Her­sh­berg, CSO of Cel­gene

“We love deals like this,” Cel­gene CSO Rob Her­sh­berg tells me. “ICOS is the most ad­vanced in the (Jounce) pipeline, dri­ving the eco­nom­ics, but it is way be­yond a T-cell deal. Agios is a per­fect ex­am­ple, push­ing the en­ve­lope be­yond the con­ven­tion­al check­point sto­ry.”

Her­sh­berg sees Agios as the best in can­cer meta­bol­ics. And now he’s been deeply im­pressed by the team at Jounce – im­muno-on­col­o­gy rock star Jim Al­li­son is a sci­en­tif­ic co-founder – and its abil­i­ties to iden­ti­fy bio­mark­ers while clear­ly defin­ing pa­tient sub­groups most like­ly to ben­e­fit.

“The qual­i­ty of the sci­ence and the peo­ple is re­al­ly good,” says the CSO.

Cel­gene has a col­lab­o­ra­tion in place with As­traZeneca’s PD-L1 dur­val­um­ab, adds Her­sh­berg. But when the check­points can re­li­ably help about 25% of pa­tients as a sin­gle agent, Cel­gene has a big fo­cus on that oth­er 75% of the mar­ket.

Adds Her­sh­berg: “We don’t want to com­pete with 500 oth­er tri­als in com­bi­na­tion with a check­point.”

Rich Mur­ray, CEO Jounce Ther­a­peu­tics

“This is re­al­ly go­ing to al­low us to ex­pand the way we need to,” says Jounce CEO Rich Mur­ray. Cur­rent­ly op­er­at­ing with a staff of 60, Mur­ray ex­pects to add 20 more em­ploy­ees lat­er in the year, with the lead drug go­ing to its first, four-part adap­tive study that starts with safe­ty and PK and leads to the ef­fi­ca­cy stage in the sec­ond half of next year.

That lines up with a pop­u­lar strat­e­gy on can­cer drug de­vel­op­ment, where the tra­di­tion­al break­down in tri­als has now blend­ed in­to a rel­a­tive­ly fast shot at piv­otal re­sults.  The lead pro­gram will be test­ed as a sin­gle agent and in com­bo with a PD-1 check­point in­hibitor. And Jounce plans to push its own check­point pro­gram in­to the clin­ic as a “log­i­cal com­po­nent” of a larg­er on­col­o­gy ef­fort like this.

The plat­form com­pa­ny was launched by Third Rock, ring­ing up $103 mil­lion in two ven­ture rounds from in­vestors deeply im­pressed by its mar­quee sci­en­tif­ic co-founders, Al­li­son and Pam Shar­ma.

The lead drug says a lot about Jounce. It’s fo­cused on ICOS, AKA the In­ducible T cell CO-Stim­u­la­tor, a pro­tein on the sur­face of T cells Jounce — and now Cel­gene — be­lieves can spur an im­mune re­sponse against a pa­tient’s can­cer.  Im­muno-on­col­o­gy has been at the cross­roads of a mul­ti­tude of deals over the past three years, and Cel­gene clear­ly wants to be in the front end of the sec­ond wave — what Mur­ray calls im­muno-on­col­o­gy 2.0 — af­ter Bris­tol-My­ers and Mer­ck led the way with Op­di­vo and Keytru­da for check­point in­hi­bi­tion.

Cel­gene has a big fo­cus on on­col­o­gy, with fran­chis­es for Revlim­id and Abrax­ane fund­ing a large pipeline ef­fort that in­cludes pacts for Juno’s JCAR015 and JCAR017. Af­ter that comes im­munol­o­gy and in­flam­ma­tion.

Mur­ray says Jounce start­ed off 2016 with a va­ri­ety of op­tions on the ta­ble, pri­mar­i­ly re­volv­ing around an IPO or a ma­jor pact. The mar­ket hasn’t co­op­er­at­ed, yet, on the IPO, and af­ter try­ing out var­i­ous “fla­vors” of po­ten­tial deals, Jounce opt­ed for a big scoop of Cel­gene.

The Fac­tors Dri­ving a Rapid Evo­lu­tion of Gene & Cell Ther­a­py and CAR-T Clin­i­cal Re­search in APAC

APAC is the fastest growing region globally for cell & gene therapy trials representing more than a third of all cell & gene studies globally, with China leading in the region. 

APAC is the leading location globally for CAR-T trials with China attracting ~60% of all CAR-T trials globally between 2015-2022. The number of CAR-T trials initiated by Western companies has rapidly increased in recent years (current CAGR of about 60%), with multiple targets being explored including CD19, CD20, CD22, BCMA, CD30, CD123, CD33, CD38, and CD138.

The End­points 11; blue­bird's $3M gene ther­a­py; Bio­gen tout new neu­ro da­ta; Harsh re­views for can­cer drugs; and more

Welcome back to Endpoints Weekly, your review of the week’s top biopharma headlines. Want this in your inbox every Saturday morning? Current Endpoints readers can visit their reader profile to add Endpoints Weekly. New to Endpoints? Sign up here.

Reading about John Carroll’s pick of biotech’s most promising startups has become a treasured tradition. If you ever get curious about previous classes of the Endpoints 11, you can find all of them (plus a number of our other regular specials) here.

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EMA warns of short­ages of two Boehringer heart drugs due to a spike in de­mand

The EMA is putting EU member states on alert over the shortage of two drugs that counter heart attacks due to an uptick in demand.

On Friday, the EMA sent out a warning that two Boehringer Ingelheim drugs are experiencing a shortage: Actilyse and Metalyse. The drugs are used as emergency treatments for adults experiencing acute myocardial infarction, or a heart attack, by dissolving blood clots that have formed in the blood vessels.

The End­points 11: The top pri­vate biotechs in pur­suit of new drugs. Push­ing the en­ve­lope with pow­er­ful new tech­nolo­gies

Right around the beginning of the year, we got a close-up look at what happens after a boom ripples through biotech. The crash of life sciences stocks in Q1 was heard around the world.

In the months since, we’ve seen the natural Darwinian down cycle take effect. Reverse mergers made a comeback, with more burned out shells to go public at a time IPOs and road shows are out of favor. And no doubt some of the more recent arrivals on the investing side of the business are finding greener pastures.

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As­traZeneca, Mer­ck cull one Lyn­parza in­di­ca­tion in heav­i­ly pre­treat­ed ovar­i­an can­cer pa­tients

Just one day after blockbuster Lynparza got access to another indication in China, its Big Pharma owners have decided to withdraw it in certain patients after reviewing Phase III data.

The two companies that work together on Lynparza decided to recall one of the indications several weeks ago in a specific type of ovarian cancer, Lynparza’s first indication when it was first FDA-approved in 2014. Initial data showed that rates of overall survival in patients with at least three rounds of chemo before getting on the PARP inhibitor were lower than in patients with less previous chemo treatment.

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Mene Pangalos (AstraZeneca via YouTube)

As­traZeneca shuts the PhI­II door for Ion­is' PC­SK9 drug de­spite pos­i­tive PhI­Ib

When Ionis and AstraZeneca unveiled the first round of mid-stage data for their antisense PCSK9 drug, Mene Pangalos, AstraZeneca’s EVP of biopharmaceuticals R&D, underscored the drug’s “potential best-in-class efficacy profile.”

But now that the second batch is in, it appears AZD8233 isn’t hitting the mark after all.

Ionis announced Friday morning that although the candidate, also dubbed ION449, met the primary endpoint in the Phase IIb SOLANO trial, its partners at AstraZeneca have decided not to move it into Phase III studies because the “results did not achieve pre-specified efficacy criteria.”

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Up­dat­ed: Bio­gen throws it­self back in­to mud­dled da­ta ar­gu­ments with more de­tails on its an­ti­sense ALS drug

With a highly watched FDA decision deadline coming in late January, Biogen and Ionis dropped the full data on the Phase III study of their ALS drug tofersen in the New England Journal of Medicine on Wednesday.

Biogen is looking for approval for tofersen in a very small subset of ALS patients — some 2%, according to the paper — who have a SOD1 gene mutation, which has previously been linked to ALS. Tofersen is meant to reduce levels of mutant SOD1 proteins.

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Fu­ji­film con­tin­ues CD­MO ex­pan­sion, break­ing ground on $435M UK site

Fujifilm’s CDMO arm, Fujifilm Diosynth, has been on a roll this month as the company has recently broken ground on a major project in Europe and it appears to be keeping up the momentum.

Fujifilm Diosynth announced that it has kicked off an expansion project for its microbial manufacturing facility at its campus in the town of Billingham, UK, in the northeast of England.

The 20,000 square-foot, £400 million ($435 million) expansion will add clean rooms, purification suites and a packing area along with more space for the manufacturing itself.

Solicitor General Elizabeth Prelogar

Should SCO­TUS hear Am­gen's Repatha case? So­lic­i­tor gen­er­al says no

Back in April, Amgen said it was encouraged by the solicitor general’s anticipated review of its Supreme Court petition to rehear a Repatha patent case. They’re likely much less optimistic about the outcome now.

Solicitor General Elizabeth Prelogar wrote in a recent 27-page brief that Amgen’s arguments “lack merit and further review is not warranted.”

The case traces back to a suit filed in 2014 against Sanofi and Regeneron’s Praluent, which ended up beating Amgen’s PCSK9 blockbuster Repatha to market by a month just a year later.