Chi­nese gov­ern­ment probe con­demns Jiankui He as rogue sci­en­tist pur­su­ing 'il­le­gal' work on gene-edit­ed ba­bies

When Jiankui He first pro­claimed the birth of the world’s first gene-edit­ed ba­bies in an an­nounce­ment that at­tract­ed glob­al con­dem­na­tion, he was quick­ly dis­avowed by his uni­ver­si­ty and the af­fil­i­ate hos­pi­tals im­pli­cat­ed in the project, which large­ly dis­tanced them­selves from the work. Two months lat­er, the gov­ern­ment com­mis­sion tasked with in­ves­ti­gat­ing the in­ci­dent is back­ing these in­sti­tu­tions and paint­ing him as a lone rogue sci­en­tist who skirt­ed mul­ti­ple laws and reg­u­la­tions in pur­suit of per­son­al gains.

He “raised mon­ey on his own, de­lib­er­ate­ly avoid­ed reg­u­la­tions, and or­ga­nized re­lat­ed per­son­nel in pri­vate to im­ple­ment gene edit­ing of the hu­man em­bryo for the pur­pose of re­pro­duc­tion, which is clear­ly pro­hib­it­ed by the coun­try,” state-owned Xin­hua News re­port­ed, quot­ing the Guang­dong in­ves­ti­ga­tors.

No­tably, in­ves­ti­ga­tors seem to con­firm a sec­ond preg­nan­cy — men­tioned in pass­ing dur­ing He’s on­ly pub­lic de­fense of his work.

“Re­gard­ing the born ba­bies and preg­nant vol­un­teer(s),” Xin­hua wrote, “the Guang­dong province will con­duct med­ical ob­ser­va­tion and fol­low-up un­der su­per­vi­sion from re­lat­ed na­tion­al de­part­ments.”

As for He and his as­so­ciates, they will be “han­dled in se­ri­ous­ness” ac­cord­ing to re­lat­ed rules, with any crimes be­ing re­ferred to the po­lice.

The brief re­port of­fered a time­line on the in­stances that He op­er­at­ed on the edges of law:

  • June 2016: He as­sem­bled a project team that in­clud­ed over­seas par­tic­i­pants, “con­scious­ly avoid­ing reg­u­la­tion” in us­ing a tech­nol­o­gy with un­cer­tain safe­ty and ef­fi­ca­cy to car­ry out an ac­tiv­i­ty pro­hib­it­ed by the na­tion.
  • March 2017 to No­vem­ber 2018: With forged eth­i­cal re­view doc­u­ments, He re­cruit­ed eight vol­un­teer cou­ples (with HIV-pos­i­tive hus­bands and HIV-neg­a­tive wives) for the ex­per­i­ment. To work around the rule that HIV car­ri­ers may not par­tic­i­pate in as­sist­ed re­pro­duc­tion, he arranged for oth­ers to take blood tests in place of the vol­un­teers. He in­struct­ed staffers to ed­it hu­man em­bryos and im­plant them in­to the moth­er, re­sult­ing in two vol­un­teers get­ting preg­nant. One of them gave birth to twin girls Lu­lu and Nana.

South­ern Uni­ver­si­ty of Sci­ence and Tech­nol­o­gy, where He has worked since first re­turn­ing from the US, has re­scind­ed its work con­tract with He and ter­mi­nat­ed his teach­ing and re­search at the in­sti­tu­tion.

He stunned the sci­en­tif­ic world late last year af­ter he ap­peared at a sci­en­tif­ic con­fer­ence in Hong Kong and out­lined his project us­ing CRISPR to dis­able a key gene in or­der to con­fer im­mu­ni­ty to HIV for the new­borns — who were ex­posed to the threat by an HIV-pos­i­tive par­ent. The sci­en­tist in­sist­ed he was proud of what he’s done for the fam­i­ly.

Con­quer­ing a silent killer: HDV and Eiger Bio­Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals

Hepatitis delta, also known as hepatitis D, is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis delta virus (HDV) that results in the most severe form of human viral hepatitis for which there is no approved therapy.

HDV is a single-stranded, circular RNA virus that requires the envelope protein (HBsAg) of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) for its own assembly. As a result, hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection occurs only as a co-infection in individuals infected with HBV. However, HDV/HBV co-infections lead to more serious liver disease than HBV infection alone. HDV is associated with faster progression to liver fibrosis (progressing to cirrhosis in about 80% of individuals in 5-10 years), increased risk of liver cancer, and early decompensated cirrhosis and liver failure.
HDV is the most severe form of viral hepatitis with no approved treatment.
Approved nucleos(t)ide treatments for HBV only suppress HBV DNA, do not appreciably impact HBsAg and have no impact on HDV. Investigational agents in development for HBV target multiple new mechanisms. Aspirations are high, but a functional cure for HBV has not been achieved nor is one anticipated in the forseeable future. Without clearance of HBsAg, anti-HBV investigational treatments are not expected to impact the deadly course of HDV infection anytime soon.

No­var­tis is ax­ing 150 ear­ly dis­cov­ery jobs as CNI­BR shifts fo­cus to the de­vel­op­ment side of R&D

Novartis is axing some 150 early discover jobs in Shanghai as it swells its staff on the drug development side of the equation in China. And the company is concurrently beefing up its investment in China’s fast-growing biotech sector with a plan to add to its investments in local VCs.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 65,900+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

No­var­tis is eye­ing a multi­bil­lion-dol­lar Med­Co buy­out as Jer­sey biotech nears NDA — re­ports

To get from Novartis’ US headquarters to the Medicines Company, you make a left out of a square concrete building on NJ-Route 10, follow it past the sun orange veranda of Jersey’s Hot Bagels and the inexplicable green Vermont cabin that houses the Whippany Railway Museum until you turn right and immediately arrive at a rectangular glass building. It should take you about 12 minutes.

Reports are out that Novartis may be making that trip. Amid a torrent of Phase III data burnishing MedCo’s chances at a blockbuster cholesterol drug,  Bloomberg News is reporting that Novartis is looking to acquire the Jersey-based biotech.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 65,900+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

UP­DAT­ED: In a land­mark first glimpse of hu­man da­ta from Ver­tex, CRISPR/Cas9 gene ther­a­py sig­nals ear­ly ben­e­fit

Preliminary data on two patients with blood disorders that have been administered with Vertex and partner CRISPR Therapeutics’ gene-editing therapy suggest the technology is safe and effective, marking the first instance of the benefit of the use of CRISPR/Cas9 technology in humans suffering from disease.

Patients in these phase I/II studies give up peripheral blood from which hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells are isolated. The cells are tinkered with using CRISPR/Cas9 technology, and the edited cells — CTX001 — are infused back into the patient via a stem cell transplant. The objective of CTX001 is to fix the errant hemoglobin gene in patents with two blood disorders: beta-thalassemia and sickle cell disease, by unleashing the production of fetal hemoglobin.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 65,900+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Badrul Chowdhury. FDA via Flickr

As­traZeneca los­es an­oth­er ex­ec­u­tive to biotech, as Badrul Chowd­hury moves to Savara

Another executive is migrating from the echelons of Big Pharma to the corridors of small biotech.

In April 2018, Badrul Chowdhury took his more than two decades of experience at the FDA to AstraZeneca, where he took on the role of senior vice president and chief physician-scientist for respiratory, inflammation and autoimmunity late-stage development in biopharmaceuticals R&D.

After about a year and a half in this role, Chowdhury is moving to a small Texas biotech called Savara, where he will serve as chief medical officer.

Yiannis Kiachopoulos and Artur Saudabayev, co-founders of Causaly

Lon­don AI up­start, which counts No­var­tis as a cus­tomer, can teach your com­put­er to read

When Amazon developed a machine-learning tool to make its recruitment process more efficient — the man-made system absorbed the gender-bias of its human makers, and the project was aborted. In the field of biopharmaceuticals, the way researchers train their machine learning algorithms can skew the outcome of predictions. But before those predictions can be made, the engine must learn to read to make sense of explosive volume of knowledge out there.

Burt Adelman. Novo Ventures

Here's a $25M seed fund aimed at back­ing some brash new drug ideas out of the Broad

As a former academic and a seasoned drug developer, Burt Adelman knew when he was recruited as a senior advisor to Novo Ventures in 2017 that one of his key priorities needs to be introducing the fund to the network he was so deeply embedded in.

“I was thinking long and hard on how can I, as a Boston insider, help Novo really get inside the ecosystem of Boston biotech?” he recalled in an interview with Endpoints News.

Welling­ton lines up a $393M bankroll for its next round of pri­vate biotech bets — and they’re like­ly think­ing big

Wellington Management made some uncustomary waves at the beginning of the year when it threw its considerable weight against Bristol-Myers Squibb’s $74 billion Celgene buyout. But after Bristol-Myers’ biggest investor conceded that game to the influential proxy firms involved, they’re now going to end the year by rolling out a big new investment fund for a new stable of fledgling biotechs on the private side of the industry.

As uter­ine race with Ab­b­Vie heats up, My­ovant eyes FDA ap­proval with tri­al re­sults from prostate can­cer

Myovant has long had a secret weapon in its uterine rivalry with AbbVie: Men.

While the small Swiss biotech has jockeyed with the Illinois-based giant for a foothold in the endometriosis and uterine fibroid therapy market, the company has been developing the same lead compound, relugolix, for use in one of the most common cancers for the uterus-less: prostate cancer. Today, Myovant is out with positive topline results from its big Phase III trial on the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist. They say they’ve reached every primary and secondary endpoint with p values less than .0001.