Chris Roberts jumps back in­to biotech with CSO gig at Black Di­a­mond; Trou­bled Five Prime ap­points in­ter­im CEO

Chris Roberts Black Di­a­mond

→ Af­ter spend­ing two years as en­tre­pre­neur-in-res­i­dence at SR One — the ven­ture arm of his for­mer em­ploy­er, Glax­o­SmithK­line Chris Roberts is back at the front­lines of biotech.

As CSO of Black Di­a­mond Ther­a­peu­tics, Roberts joins CEO David Ep­stein in dri­ving their tar­get­ed ki­nase in­hibitors to­ward the clin­ic. He will lead re­search and ear­ly de­vel­op­ment on the biotech’s MAP plat­form, which ze­roes in on al­losteric mu­ta­tions of onco­genes. Its lead can­di­date, BDTX-189, tar­gets EGFR and HER2 re­gard­less of tu­mor type.

Can­cer, and par­tic­u­lar­ly ge­net­ic dri­vers of the dis­ease, was some­thing Roberts had some ex­pe­ri­ence with as VP of chem­istry and ear­ly de­vel­op­ment at Sy­ros, where he fo­cused on drug­ging tran­scrip­tion and was cred­it­ed for guid­ing two as­sets in­to clin­i­cal de­vel­op­ment. Be­fore that, he had spear­head­ed in­fec­tious dis­ease projects at GSK and Genelabs

Cam­bridge, MA-based Black Di­a­mond has al­so re­cruit­ed Matt Lu­cas from Yu­man­i­ty Ther­a­peu­tics to lead chem­istry and Tai-An Lin from Mer­ck KGaA to lead bi­ol­o­gy. Its first Phase I/II tri­al is slat­ed for the first half of next year.

Things haven’t been the same for can­cer-fo­cused Five Prime Ther­a­peu­tics, ever since their part­nered drug cabi­ral­izum­ab in com­bi­na­tion with Op­di­vo showed signs of weak ef­fi­ca­cy and a trou­bling safe­ty pro­file in an ear­ly-stage pan­cre­at­ic can­cer study in late 2017. As a re­sult of that fail­ure, the com­pa­ny axed 41 jobs in Jan­u­ary — rough­ly 20% of the com­pa­ny’s work­force — to fo­cus on late-stage pipelines. The South San Fran­cis­co-based com­pa­ny has tapped William “Bill” Ringo as act­ing in­ter­im CEO, suc­ceed­ing Aron Knicker­bock­er “who has re­signed from the com­pa­ny to pur­sue new chal­lenges and op­por­tu­ni­ties.” Cur­rent­ly, Ringo is the chair­man of com­pa­ny’s board of di­rec­tors  — and de­spite his tem­po­rary new role, will re­main in that po­si­tion. Ringo’s past ex­pe­ri­ence in­cludes pres­i­dent and CEO of Ab­genix and gigs at Pfizer and Eli Lil­ly.

Nadir Mah­mood Nkar­ta

→ Af­ter NASH con­tender CymaBay Ther­a­peu­tics re­leased neg­a­tive da­ta back in June show­ing that its lead drug se­ladel­par per­formed worse than a place­bo at a three-month read­out from its on­go­ing 52-week mid-stage study, the com­pa­ny’s stock plum­met­ed about 44.5%. Now, its CMO Pol Boudes is hit­ting the ex­it “to ex­plore oth­er op­por­tu­ni­ties.” Be­fore join­ing CymaBay, Boudes served in the same po­si­tion at Am­i­cus Ther­a­peu­tics and held oth­er stints at Berlex Lab­o­ra­to­ries (lat­er merged with Bay­er Health­Care Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals), Wyeth-Ay­erst Re­search, Hoff­mann-La Roche and Pas­teur-Merieux Serums & Vac­cines. The com­pa­ny has ini­ti­at­ed a search for a suc­ces­sor. 

→ Fol­low­ing plans to map out clin­i­cal man­u­fac­tur­ing of CAR-NK af­ter a $114 mil­lion Se­ries B round led by Sam­sara ear­li­er this month, Nkar­ta Ther­a­peu­tics has pro­mot­ed Nadir Mah­mood from SVP, cor­po­rate de­vel­op­ment to the new­ly-cre­at­ed po­si­tion of CBO. Mah­mood pre­vi­ous­ly head­ed cor­po­rate de­vel­op­ment at Sec­ond Genome and brings ex­pe­ri­ence from roles at Kythera Bio­phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals (ac­quired by Al­ler­gan) — where he over­saw the pre­clin­i­cal re­search for their lead mol­e­cule, Ky­bel­la — and Gold­man Sachs

An­drew Sto­ber En­cod­ed

→ Back in June, Or­chard Ther­a­peu­tics an­nounced the pric­ing of its IPO — 9 mil­lion Amer­i­can de­posi­tary shares (ADSs) for to­tal gross pro­ceeds of about $128 mil­lion. Now, the UK gene ther­a­py de­vel­op­er has an­nounced that its CCO, Ja­son Meyen­burg is leav­ing the com­pa­ny “to take on a chief ex­ec­u­tive role in the in­dus­try.” Un­til the com­pa­ny can find a per­ma­nent re­place­ment, Mark Rothera, the com­pa­ny’s pres­i­dent and CEO, will as­sume glob­al com­mer­cial lead­er­ship re­spon­si­bil­i­ties. 

→ Gene ther­a­py-fo­cused En­cod­ed Ther­a­peu­tics has ex­pand­ed its lead­er­ship team with the ap­point­ments of An­drew Sto­ber as chief man­u­fac­tur­ing of­fi­cer and David Mc­N­inch as CBO. Sto­ber joins the com­pa­ny af­ter lead­ing gene ther­a­py man­u­fac­tur­ing at No­var­tis and af­ter roles at AveX­is, Bio­gen, Mer­ck and Am­gen. Pre­vi­ous­ly, Mc­N­inch served as chief com­mer­cial of­fi­cer at Prothena and dur­ing his stint at In­ter­Mune he helped or­ga­nize the launch of the first treat­ment for IPF and the com­pa­ny’s lat­er ac­qui­si­tion by Roche. Mc­N­inch al­so spent time at Ipsen, Genen­tech, No­var­tis and As­traZeneca pri­or to his new gig.

David Mc­N­inch En­cod­ed

→ In April, Ever­est Med­i­cines inked a deal with Im­munomedics — mak­ing it one of the top 5 in-li­cens­ing com­pa­nies in Chi­na in the past 11 years. Ever­est is now bol­ster­ing its team with sev­er­al new ap­point­ments. Ja­son Brown, who has been serv­ing as the com­pa­ny’s SVP of busi­ness de­vel­op­ment, has been ap­point­ed to the po­si­tion of CBO. In ad­di­tion to his ap­point­ment, Ever­est has named pre­vi­ous Sanofi ex­ec, Frank Grams, as SVP of al­liance man­age­ment; for­mer Sanofi Chi­na head, Sophia Zhu, as SVP of port­fo­lio de­vel­op­ment and strate­gic plan­ning; Ex-Ab­bott gen­er­al man­ag­er, Alex Wang, as head of in­ter­na­tion­al busi­ness and for­mer head of fi­nance of Am­gen Chi­na, Daniel Weng, as vice pres­i­dent of fi­nance.

Flag­ship-backed Foghorn Ther­a­peu­tics has ex­pand­ed its lead­er­ship with the ap­point­ments of Samuel Agres­ta as CMO and Al­lan Reine as CFO. Agres­ta for­mer­ly served in the same po­si­tion at In­fin­i­ty Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals — and has worked as vice pres­i­dent and head of clin­i­cal de­vel­op­ment at Agios Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals, where he over­saw the de­vel­op­ment and reg­is­tra­tion of ivosi­denib (Tib­so­vo) and enasi­denib (Id­hi­fa). Reine hops on board af­ter serv­ing in the same po­si­tion at Pieris Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals. Stints at Lom­bard Odi­er As­set Man­age­ment, SAC Cap­i­tal Ad­vi­sors and Alexan­dra In­vest­ment Man­age­ment dot Reine’s re­sume.

Salarius Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals has ap­point­ed Scott Jor­dan on board as CBO and Mark Rosen­blum as ex­ec­u­tive vice pres­i­dent fi­nance and in­ter­im CFO. With these new ad­di­tions, the com­pa­ny can fur­ther op­er­a­tions in its lead clin­i­cal pro­grams in Ew­ing sar­co­ma and ad­vanced sol­id tu­mors to aim at pro­duc­ing po­ten­tial da­ta in 2020. Jor­dan tran­si­tioned to the role af­ter serv­ing as Salarius’ CFO. Pre­vi­ous­ly, he served as CFO at Be­ta Cat Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals and chief in­vest­ment of­fi­cer at Stingray Ther­a­peu­tics. He’s al­so the co-founder and ad­vi­sor at Health­ios Xchange. Rosen­blum was pre­vi­ous­ly brought on to the com­pa­ny as a fi­nan­cial con­sul­tant to as­sist with the merge with Flex Phar­ma. Pri­or to that role, Rosen­blum served as chair­man and CEO at Ac­tive­Care.

→ Prince­ton, New Jer­sey-based Oys­ter Point Phar­ma has wel­comed Dan Lochn­er as CFO and John Snis­arenko as CCO. Lochn­er joins af­ter a gig as man­ag­ing di­rec­tor at Gold­man Sachs. Snis­arenko hops over to the com­pa­ny fol­low­ing time as group vice pres­i­dent and head of Shire’s (now Take­da) oph­thalmic busi­ness, lead­ing sales for Xi­idra, Lu­cen­tis, Rit­ux­an and Actem­ra.

in­sitro — led by AI star Daphne Koller — has added Matthew Ras­mussen as vice pres­i­dent of da­ta en­gi­neer­ing and Du­ane Valz as gen­er­al coun­sel. Ras­mussen joins the com­pa­ny from Myr­i­ad Ge­net­ics as vice pres­i­dent of soft­ware en­gi­neer­ing and a pre­vi­ous stint at Coun­syl. Valz joins from Zymer­gen — where he served as the com­pa­ny’s first in-house lawyer and gen­er­al coun­sel, help­ing to struc­ture their Se­ries B and C fi­nanc­ings. Valz held pre­vi­ous po­si­tions at Google, Ya­hoo! and Howard Rice Ne­merovs­ki Canady Falk & Rabkin (now com­bined with Arnold & Porter). 

→ Back in Ju­ly, Cel­gene col­lab­o­rat­ed with Nim­bus Ther­a­peu­tics to bag an op­tion for their ‘high­ly prized’ I/O tar­get, an HPK1 in­hibitor pro­gram. Now, Chris­tine Loh has joined Nim­bus as their SVP, head of bi­ol­o­gy af­ter spend­ing time as the vice pres­i­dent of trans­la­tion­al med­i­cine at Kymera Ther­a­peu­tics. Pre­vi­ous­ly, she served as the ex­ec­u­tive di­rec­tor of re­search — fo­cus­ing on he­mo­phil­ia and sick­le cell dis­ease — at Bio­gen spin­out Biover­a­tiv. She has held po­si­tions at Sir­tris, Pfiz­er and ICOS Cor­po­ra­tion

X4 Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals — which col­lab­o­rat­ed with the Leukemia & Lym­phoma So­ci­ety in May to ac­cel­er­ate the de­vel­op­ment of their lead prod­uct can­di­date ma­vorix­afor for the treat­ment of Walden­ström’s macroglob­u­line­mia — has named one of its orig­i­nal founders, Re­na­to Skerlj, as SVP, re­search and de­vel­op­ment. He draws from his ex­pe­ri­ence as the in­ven­tor of both pler­ix­afor, a stem cell mo­bi­liz­er ap­proved by the FDA in 2008, and er­tapen­em, an an­ti-bac­te­r­i­al ap­proved by the FDA in 2001. Skerlj’s re­sume in­cludes gigs at Lyso­so­mal Ther­a­peu­tics, Gen­zyme and AnorMED

Vi­nee­ta Be­langer Busi­ness Wire

→ Two years af­ter Zosano Phar­ma re­port­ed pos­i­tive Phase III da­ta for its mi­cronee­dle patch sys­tem for de­liv­er­ing an old mi­graine drug — set­ting up a cam­paign to file an NDA — the com­pa­ny has brought on Dushyant Pathak as SVP of busi­ness de­vel­op­ment. Most re­cent­ly, Pathak served as the as­so­ciate vice chan­cel­lor of re­search, in­no­va­tion and tech­nol­o­gy com­mer­cial­iza­tion, as well as the ex­ec­u­tive di­rec­tor of Ven­ture Cat­a­lyst  at Uni­ver­si­ty of Cal­i­for­nia Davis. Pathak brings ex­pe­ri­ence from his times at iP­ier­ian, as CEO and pres­i­dent of Cellex­i­con, founder of Ven­tureEdge and roles at Axys Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals and Ch­i­ron

→ While their lead drug can­di­date LYR-210 is in Phase II for the treat­ment of chron­ic rhi­nos­i­nusi­tis, ear, nose and throat dis­eases, Lyra Ther­a­peu­tics has added Vi­nee­ta Be­langer as the com­pa­ny’s SVP of clin­i­cal af­fairs. Be­langer most re­cent­ly served as vice pres­i­dent of clin­i­cal af­fairs at Ave­dro and has held po­si­tions at Iron­wood Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals, Neu­ro­Vi­sion and Al­con.

Pe­ter Catal­i­no has as­sumed a new gig at Ver­tex as SVP, head glob­al mar­ket­ing. He tran­si­tions to the com­pa­ny af­ter time as glob­al busi­ness fran­chise head car­dio-meta­bol­ic med­i­cines at No­var­tis. While at No­var­tis he worked un­der Paul Hud­son — crank­ing out block­buster heart drug En­tresto  and con­tribut­ing to the Akcea-Io­n­is li­cense deal. Pre­vi­ous­ly, Catal­i­no was an as­so­ciate prin­ci­pal at McK­in­sey & Com­pa­ny

→ Last week, Soli­genix brought Jonathan Guar­i­no on board as their SVP and CFO, suc­ceed­ing Karen Krume­ich who hit the ex­it to pur­sue new op­por­tu­ni­ties. This week the com­pa­ny made the ad­di­tion of Mer­ck vet Daniel Ring as vice pres­i­dent of busi­ness de­vel­op­ment and strate­gic plan­ning. Ring brings ex­pe­ri­ence from his time as vice pres­i­dent of busi­ness de­vel­op­ment at Ex­ela Phar­ma Sci­ences and as ex­ec­u­tive di­rec­tor of cor­po­rate li­cens­ing at Mer­ck

Allen Poir­son has hopped to twoXAR as the com­pa­ny’s SVP of bio­phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal busi­ness de­vel­op­ment. Be­fore join­ing the AI-dri­ven com­pa­ny, Poir­son served as a part­ner at Sil­i­con Val­ley-based VC firm Mighty Cap­i­tal. He for­mer­ly served as the CEO of Sony sub­sidiary Sony Biotech­nol­o­gy and held po­si­tions at NASA and Howard Hugh­es Med­ical In­sti­tute

→ Med­ical de­vice com­pa­ny, BioVen­trix, has tapped Pe­dro Mar­ques as vice pres­i­dent of sales for the Eu­ro­pean mar­ket. Mar­ques pre­vi­ous stints in­clude roles as vice pres­i­dent of glob­al ac­cess and clin­i­cal de­vel­op­ment at Medtron­ic and as VP of in­ter­na­tion­al sales for Heart­Ware

Bio­Th­eryX — fo­cused on mul­ti-ki­nase in­hi­bi­tion and tar­get­ed pro­tein degra­da­tion — has wel­comed Al­ler­gan vet Jef­frey Ed­wards to its board of di­rec­tors. Ed­wards spent 22 years at Al­ler­gan — hold­ing sev­er­al roles in­clud­ing EVP, fi­nance and busi­ness de­vel­op­ment and CFO. 

Ted Love, cur­rent pres­i­dent and CEO of Glob­al Blood Ther­a­peu­tics — which re­cent­ly re­ceiv­ing pri­or­i­ty re­view from the FDA for its sick­le cell dis­ease drug — has joined the board of di­rec­tors at Por­to­la Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals. Love pre­vi­ous­ly worked at Onyx Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals, Nu­velo, Ther­a­vance and Genen­tech.

→ Cam­bridge-based Verve Ther­a­peu­tics — who is purs­ing a gene-edit­ing ap­proach to coro­nary artery dis­ease — can now count An­drew Geall, as a mem­ber of the com­pa­ny’s sci­en­tif­ic ad­vi­so­ry board. Geall is the vice pres­i­dent of for­mu­la­tions, an­a­lyt­ics and chem­istry at Avid­i­ty Bio­sciences

→  An­a­lysts hate to lose a biotech CFO they’ve come to trust and ad­mire — es­pe­cial­ly if they’re be­ing blind­sided by a sur­prise ex­it. And Alex­ion’s un­ex­pect­ed an­nounce­ment af­ter the mar­ket close on Tues­day that Paul Clan­cy is on his way out — to be re­placed by a strat­e­gy and busi­ness chief they know vir­tu­al­ly noth­ing about — qual­i­fied as a nasty shock for some high-pro­file com­pa­ny ob­servers. 

Arad­hana Sarin

The Q3 re­port will be a joint ef­fort of Clan­cy and his re­place­ment, Arad­hana Sarin, who will then pick up the CFO job as Clan­cy con­tin­ues to ad­vise the com­pa­ny in­to the mid­dle of next year. So what’s up with that? Clan­cy on­ly ar­rived 2 years ago, step­ping in from Bio­gen, where he al­so com­mand­ed lots of re­spect in a spot­light po­si­tion.

His hir­ing was seen as a coup for Alex­ion watch­ers, as CEO Lud­wig Hantson put to­geth­er his new team, re­or­ga­nized the com­pa­ny af­ter a bruis­ing in­ves­ti­ga­tion over ethics vi­o­la­tions, moved to Boston and laid out his ba­sic strat­e­gy on pro­tect­ing the big Soliris fran­chise. Sarin will take over with a lot to prove. And some an­a­lysts are set­ting the bar high. 

ZS Per­spec­tive: 3 Pre­dic­tions on the Fu­ture of Cell & Gene Ther­a­pies

The field of cell and gene therapies (C&GTs) has seen a renaissance, with first generation commercial therapies such as Kymriah, Yescarta, and Luxturna laying the groundwork for an incoming wave of potentially transformative C&GTs that aim to address diverse disease areas. With this renaissance comes several potential opportunities, of which we discuss three predictions below.

Allogenic Natural Killer (NK) Cells have the potential to displace current Cell Therapies in oncology if proven durable.

Despite being early in development, Allogenic NKs are proving to be an attractive new treatment paradigm in oncology. The question of durability of response with allogenic therapies is still an unknown. Fate Therapeutics’ recent phase 1 data for FT516 showed relatively quicker relapses vs already approved autologous CAR-Ts. However, other manufacturers, like Allogene for their allogenic CAR-T therapy ALLO-501A, are exploring novel lymphodepletion approaches to improve persistence of allogenic cells. Nevertheless, allogenic NKs demonstrate a strong value proposition relative to their T cell counterparts due to comparable response rates (so far) combined with the added advantage of a significantly safer AE profile. Specifically, little to no risk of graft versus host disease (GvHD), cytotoxic release syndrome (CRS), and neurotoxicity (NT) have been seen so far with allogenic NK cells (Fig. 1). In addition, being able to harness an allogenic cell source gives way to operational advantages as “off-the-shelf” products provide improved turnaround time (TAT), scalability, and potentially reduced cost. NKs are currently in development for a variety of overlapping hematological indications with chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-Ts) today, and the question remains to what extent they will disrupt the current cell therapy landscape. Click for more details.

Lat­est news on Pfiz­er's $3B+ JAK1 win; Pacts over M&A at #JPM22; 2021 by the num­bers; Bio­gen's Aduhelm reck­on­ing; The sto­ry of sotro­vimab; and more

Welcome back to Endpoints Weekly, your review of the week’s top biopharma headlines. Want this in your inbox every Saturday morning? Current Endpoints readers can visit their reader profile to add Endpoints Weekly. New to Endpoints? Sign up here.

For those of you who attended #JPM22 in any shape or form, we hope you had a fruitful time. Regardless of how you spent the past hectic week, may your weekend be just what you need it to be.

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A $3B+ peak sales win? Pfiz­er thinks so, as FDA of­fers a tardy green light to its JAK1 drug abroc­i­tinib

Back in the fall of 2020, newly crowned Pfizer chief Albert Bourla confidently put their JAK1 inhibitor abrocitinib at the top of the list of blockbuster drugs in the late-stage pipeline with a $3 billion-plus peak sales estimate.

Since then it’s been subjected to serious criticism for the safety warnings associated with the class, held back by a cautious FDA and questioned when researchers rolled out a top-line boast that their heavyweight contender had beaten the champ in the field of atopic dermatitis — Dupixent — in a head-to-head study.

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Robert Califf, FDA commissioner nominee (Graeme Sloan/Sipa USA/Sipa via AP Images)

Rob Califf ad­vances as Biden's FDA nom­i­nee, with a close com­mit­tee vote

Rob Califf’s second confirmation process as FDA commissioner is already much more difficult than his near unanimous confirmation under the Obama administration.

The Senate Health Committee on Thursday voted 13-8 in favor of advancing Califf’s nomination to a full Senate vote. Several Democrats voted against Califf, including Sen. Bernie Sanders and Sen. Maggie Hassan. Several other Democrats who aren’t on the committee, like West Virginia’s Joe Manchin and Ed Markey of Massachusetts, also said Thursday that they would not vote for Califf. Markey, Hassan and Manchin all previously expressed reservations about the prospect of Janet Woodcock as an FDA commissioner nominee too.

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Michel Vounatsos, Biogen CEO (World Economic Forum/Ciaran McCrickard)

Bio­gen vows to fight CM­S' draft cov­er­age de­ci­sion for Aduhelm be­fore April fi­nal­iza­tion

Biogen executives made clear in an investor call Thursday they are not preparing to run a new CMS-approved clinical trial for their controversial Alzheimer’s drug anytime soon.

As requested in a draft national coverage decision from CMS earlier this week, Biogen and other anti-amyloid drugs will need to show “a meaningful improvement in health outcomes” for Alzheimer’s patients in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial to get paid for their drugs, rather than just the reduction in amyloid plaques that won Aduhelm its accelerated approval in June.

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CRO own­er pleads guilty to ob­struct­ing FDA in­ves­ti­ga­tion in­to fal­si­fied clin­i­cal tri­al da­ta

The co-owner of a Florida-based clinical research site pleaded guilty to lying to an FDA investigator during a 2017 inspection, revealing that she falsely portrayed part of a GlaxoSmithKline pediatric asthma study as legitimate, when in fact she knew that certain data had been falsified, the Department of Justice said Wednesday.

Three other employees — Yvelice Villaman Bencosme, Lisett Raventos and Maytee Lledo — previously pleaded guilty and were sentenced in connection with falsifying data associated with the trial at the CRO Unlimited Medical Research.

Susan Galbraith, AstraZeneca EVP, Oncology R&D

Can­cer pow­er­house As­traZeneca rolls the dice on a $75M cash bet on a buzzy up­start in the on­col­o­gy field

After establishing itself in the front ranks of cancer drug developers and marketers, AstraZeneca is putting its scientific shoulder — and a significant amount of cash — behind the wheel of a brash new upstart in the biotech world.

The pharma giant trumpeted news this morning that it is handing over $75 million upfront to ally itself with Scorpion Therapeutics, one of those biotechs that was newly birthed by some top scientific, venture and executive talent and bequeathed with a fortune by way of a bankroll to advance an only hazily explained drug platform. And they are still very much in the discovery and preclinical phase.

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‘Skin­ny la­bels’ on gener­ics can save pa­tients mon­ey, re­search shows, but re­cent court de­ci­sions cloud fu­ture

New research shows how generic drug companies can successfully market a limited number of approved indications for a brand name drug, prior to coming to market for all of the indications. But several recent court decisions have created a layer of uncertainty around these so-called “skinny” labels.

While courts have generally allowed generic manufacturers to use their statutorily permitted skinny-label approvals, last summer, a federal circuit court found that Teva Pharmaceuticals was liable for inducing prescribers and patients to infringe GlaxoSmithKline’s patents through advertising and marketing practices that suggested Teva’s generic, with its skinny label, could be employed for the patented uses.

A patient in Alaska receiving an antibody infusion to prevent Covid hospitalizations in September. All but one of these treatments has been rendered useless by Omicron (Rick Bowmer/AP Images)

How a tiny Swiss lab and two old blood sam­ples cre­at­ed one of the on­ly ef­fec­tive drugs against Omi­cron (and why we have so lit­tle of it)

Exactly a decade before a novel coronavirus broke out in Wuhan, Davide Corti — a newly-minted immunologist with frameless glasses and a quick laugh — walked into a cramped lab on the top floor of an office building two hours outside Zurich. He had only enough money for two technicians and the ceiling was so low in parts that short stature was a job requirement, but Corti believed it’d be enough to test an idea he thought could change medicine.

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