FDA ush­ers in a new era in can­cer treat­ment with 'his­toric' CAR-T ap­proval for No­var­tis

The FDA has ap­proved the world’s first CAR-T ther­a­py, giv­ing a green light to No­var­tis for Kym­ri­ah (ti­s­agen­le­cleu­cel) in what reg­u­la­tors them­selves de­scribe as an his­toric event.

The ear­ly ap­proval — about a month ahead of the PDU­FA date — came through for cer­tain pe­di­atric and young adult pa­tients with a form of acute lym­phoblas­tic leukemia.

No­var­tis set the price for the one-time treat­ment at $475,000, right in line with low-end es­ti­mates and one that will put pres­sure on Gilead to rein in its own price for a ri­val ther­a­py ex­pect­ed to be ap­proved in the near fu­ture.

Scott Got­tlieb, FDA Com­mis­sion­er

None oth­er than FDA com­mis­sion­er Scott Got­tlieb did the hon­ors in the agency’s state­ment, not­ing:

We’re en­ter­ing a new fron­tier in med­ical in­no­va­tion with the abil­i­ty to re­pro­gram a pa­tient’s own cells to at­tack a dead­ly can­cer. New tech­nolo­gies such as gene and cell ther­a­pies hold out the po­ten­tial to trans­form med­i­cine and cre­ate an in­flec­tion point in our abil­i­ty to treat and even cure many in­tractable ill­ness­es. At the FDA, we’re com­mit­ted to help­ing ex­pe­dite the de­vel­op­ment and re­view of ground­break­ing treat­ments that have the po­ten­tial to be life-sav­ing.

A group of bio­phar­ma com­pa­nies have been rac­ing to this break­through point. Kite Phar­ma $KITE, new­ly bought out in a $12 bil­lion deal by Gilead $GILD, is com­ing in a close sec­ond with its own ap­pli­ca­tion for axi­cel.

No­var­tis’ in­ves­ti­ga­tors reg­is­tered a game-chang­ing 83% re­mis­sion rate in its piv­otal study.

CAR-T, though, is al­so as­so­ci­at­ed with se­vere and po­ten­tial­ly dead­ly side ef­fects, in­clud­ing lethal in­stances of cy­tokine re­lease syn­drome with some pa­tients dy­ing from brain swelling in sep­a­rate stud­ies from the No­var­tis drug.

Reg­u­la­tors not­ed that they will re­quire spe­cial train­ing for any­one in­volved in de­liv­er­ing this ther­a­py, while ex­pand­ing the ap­proval of Actem­ra (tocilizum­ab) to treat CAR T-cell-in­duced se­vere or life-threat­en­ing CRS in pa­tients 2 years of age or old­er. “In clin­i­cal tri­als in pa­tients treat­ed with CAR-T cells,” the FDA re­port­ed, “69% of pa­tients had com­plete res­o­lu­tion of CRS with­in two weeks fol­low­ing one or two dos­es of Actem­ra.”

This ther­a­py, which is made us­ing a pa­tient’s own im­mune cells, won’t be cheap.

By its own reck­on­ing, the UK’s tough watch dog on drug pric­ing has said that these drugs would be worth up to $649,000 a year, giv­en the young pa­tients it’s tar­get­ing first. An­a­lysts, mean­while, have pegged the price at any­where from $400,000 to $750,000.

In a call with an­a­lysts, No­var­tis ex­ecs said it would keep the price well be­low the high end, set­ting the cost at $475,000 for a drug that will be avail­able in 20 cen­ters with­in one month, and 35 soon af­ter.

In a state­ment the com­pa­ny said it “is col­lab­o­rat­ing with CMS to make an out­comes-based ap­proach avail­able to al­low for pay­ment on­ly when pe­di­atric and young adult ALL pa­tients re­spond to Kym­ri­ah by the end of the first month. Fu­ture po­ten­tial in­di­ca­tions would be re­viewed for the most rel­e­vant out­comes-based ap­proach.”

Joe Jimenez

Said Joseph Jimenez, CEO of No­var­tis:

Five years ago, we be­gan col­lab­o­rat­ing with the Uni­ver­si­ty of Penn­syl­va­nia and in­vest­ed in fur­ther de­vel­op­ing and bring­ing what we be­lieved would be a par­a­digm-chang­ing im­muno­cel­lu­lar ther­a­py to can­cer pa­tients in dire need. With the ap­proval of Kym­ri­ah, we are once again de­liv­er­ing on our com­mit­ment to change the course of can­cer care.

This ap­proval marks a ma­jor shift in on­col­o­gy, with a tru­ly rev­o­lu­tion­ary ap­proach to treat­ing can­cer. That hasn’t es­caped the no­tice of big play­ers and small, with a host of de­vel­op­ers look­ing to do much bet­ter, more safe­ly, with new drugs in the pipeline.

It’s a big day in the biotech world, but it’s just the of­fi­cial start date for a new era.

Donald and Melania Trump watch the smoke of fireworks from the South Lawn of the White House on July 4, 2020 (via Getty)

Which drug de­vel­op­ers of­fer Trump a quick, game-chang­ing ‘so­lu­tion’ as the pan­dem­ic roars back? Eli Lil­ly and Ab­Cellera look to break out of the pack

We are unleashing our nation’s scientific brilliance and will likely have a therapeutic and/or vaccine solution long before the end of the year.

— Donald Trump, July 4

Next week administration officials plan to promote a new study they say shows promising results on therapeutics, the officials said. They wouldn’t describe the study in any further detail because, they said, its disclosure would be “market-moving.”

— NBC News, July 3

Something’s cooking. And it’s not just July 4 leftovers involving stale buns and uneaten hot dogs.

Over the long weekend observers picked up signs that the focus in the Trump administration may swiftly shift from the bright spotlight on vaccines being promised this fall, around the time of the election, to include drugs that could possibly keep patients out of the hospital and take the political sting out of the soaring Covid-19 numbers causing embarrassment in states that swiftly reopened — as Trump cheered along.

So far, Gilead has been the chief beneficiary of the drive on drugs, swiftly offering enough early data to get remdesivir an emergency authorization and into the hands of the US government. But their drug, while helpful in cutting stays, is known for a limited, modest effect. And that won’t tamp down on the hurricane of criticism that’s been tearing at the White House, and buffeting the president’s most stalwart core defenders as the economy suffers.

We’ve had positive early-stage vaccine data, most recently from Pfizer and BioNTech, playing catchup on an mRNA race led by Moderna — where every little sign of potential trouble is magnified into a lethal threat, just as every advance excites a frenzy of support. But that race still has months to play out, with more Phase I data due ahead of the mid-stage numbers looming ahead. A vaccine may not be available in large enough quantities until well into 2021, which is still wildly ambitious.

So what about a drug solution?

Trump’s initial support for a panacea focused on hydroxychloroquine. But that fizzled in the face of data underscoring its ineffectiveness — killing trials that aren’t likely to be restarted because of a recent population-based study offering some support. And there are a number of existing drugs being repurposed to see how they help hospitalized patients.

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Regeneron CEO Leonard Schleifer speaks at a meeting with President Donald Trump, members of the Coronavirus Task Force, and pharmaceutical executives in the Cabinet Room of the White House (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

OWS shifts spot­light to drugs to fight Covid-19, hand­ing Re­gen­eron $450M to be­gin large scale man­u­fac­tur­ing in the US

The US government is on a spending spree. And after committing billions to vaccines defense operations are now doling out more of the big bucks through Operation Warp Speed to back a rapid flip of a drug into the market to stop Covid-19 from ravaging patients — possibly inside of 2 months.

The beneficiary this morning is Regeneron, the big biotech engaged in a frenzied race to develop an antibody cocktail called REGN-COV2 that just started a late-stage program to prove its worth in fighting the virus. BARDA and the Department of Defense are awarding Regeneron a $450 million contract to cover bulk delivery of the cocktail starting as early as late summer, with money added for fill/finish and storage activities.

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Shoshanna Shendelman, Applied Therapeutics CEO (Applied Therapeutics)

A lit­tle biotech slaps back at a 'crim­i­nal' short at­tack, vow­ing to pur­sue a pros­e­cu­tion of their case

As short attacks go, Biotech Research Partners’ assault on Applied Therapeutics’ “cherry picked” data and a variety of so-called red flags didn’t cause a whole lot of damage. Ahead of the July 4 holiday, its shares $APLT were dinged and showed signs of quick recovery.

But that didn’t stop an incendiary response, as the biotech swung into action bright and early Monday morning.

Applied Therapeutics accused the authors of the short report of manipulating graphs and figures, misrepresenting data and included factual misrepresentations — all of which added up, in their view, to fraud.

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Noubar Afeyan, Flagship CEO and Tessera chairman (Victor Boyko/Getty Images)

Flag­ship ex­ecs take a les­son from na­ture to mas­ter ‘gene writ­ing,’ launch­ing a star-stud­ded biotech with big am­bi­tions to cure dis­ease

Flagship Pioneering has opened up its deep pockets to fund a biotech upstart out to revolutionize the whole gene therapy/gene editing field — before gene editing has even made it to the market. And they’ve surrounded themselves with some marquee scientists and execs who have crowded around to help shepherd the technology ahead.

The lead player here is Flagship general partner Geoff von Maltzahn, an MIT-trained synthetic biologist who set out in 2018 to do CRISPR — a widely used gene editing tool — and other rival technologies one or two better. Von Maltzahn has been working with Sana co-founder Jake Rubens, another synthetic biology player out of MIT who he describes as his “superstar,” who’s taken the CSO role.

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Covid-19 roundup: Squab­bles with gov­ern­ment de­lay Mod­er­na’s PhI­II — re­ports; No­vavax se­cures largest Warp Speed deal yet: $1.6B

A much-anticipated Phase III trial for Moderna’s Covid-19 vaccine is being held up as the company delayed submitting trial protocols and sparred with government scientists on how to run the study and even what the benchmark for success should be, Reuters reported.

Moderna, the first US company to put their vaccine into human testing, was supposed to enter a 30,000-person study this month in partnership with the NIH to determine whether it can prevent infection. STAT reported last week that the trial was facing delays over the protocol, but that a July start was still possible. Neither the NIH nor Moderna ever disclosed a specific date the trial should start, but Reuters reported that the agency had hoped to begin on July 10.

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Cel­lec­tis slammed af­ter pa­tient dies and FDA slaps a hold on their tri­al for an off-the-shelf CAR-T for mul­ti­ple myelo­ma

Cellectis was slammed after the market close on Monday as the biotech reported that the FDA demanded it hit the brakes on their MELANI-01 trial for their off-the-shelf cell therapy UCARTCS1A after one of the patients in the study died of treatment-related cardiac arrest.

The multiple myeloma patient had previously been treated unsuccessfully with various therapies, noted the biotech, and had been given dose level two (DL2) of their allogeneic CAR-T.

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UP­DAT­ED: Im­munomedics spells out PFS ben­e­fit of Trodelvy in mTNBC, hunt­ing a full OK just weeks af­ter ac­cel­er­at­ed ap­proval

By the time the FDA finally granted an accelerated OK for Immunomedics’ Trodelvy, we already got a very strong hint that their confirmatory Phase III study in metastatic triple-negative breast cancer was a success.

That’s because the independent data safety monitoring committee recommended that the trial be stopped early. But just what pointed them to the conclusion was still unclear.

“We do not know the totality of their decision other than it’s pretty evident that the primary endpoint was met; otherwise they could not request to halt the study,” Behzad Aghazadeh, the executive chairman, told Endpoints News at the time.

Bill Haney, Dragonfly CEO (Dave Pedley/Getty Images for SXSW)

A boom­ing Drag­on­fly is tak­ing its TriN­KETs to Copen­hagen as the lat­est Bris­tol My­ers pact spurs ex­pan­sion plans — out­side the US

Bristol Myers Squibb is making a habit out of collaborating with the crew at Dragonfly, adding their 3rd deal in a series that now will take them into newly charted R&D territory. And the fast-growing team at the Cambridge-based biotech is adding a facility in Copenhagen for its next growth spurt, where the government is making it easy to recruit scientists internationally as the U.S. throttles back.

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Covid-19 roundup: Teamed up with NIH, Re­gen­eron launch­es PhI­II pre­ven­tion tri­al for an­ti­body cock­tail

As Regeneron moves its antibody cocktail into Phase II/III trials testing REGN-COV2 as a treatment for both hospitalized and non-hospitalized patients with Covid-19, the biotech is also starting a Phase III in the prevention setting.

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases — which orchestrated the large, randomized study for remdesivir that produced positive results — will jointly run the study.

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