Genen­tech dives in­to mR­NA, bet­ting $310M on BioN­Tech's per­son­al­ized can­cer vac­cine tech

Genen­tech is tap­ping in­to the promise of mes­sen­ger RNA for build­ing per­son­al­ized can­cer vac­cines. The gi­ant Roche sub­sidiary is part­ner­ing with Ger­many’s BioN­Tech on its in­di­vid­u­al­ized can­cer ther­a­pies, promis­ing $310 mil­lion in near-term pay­outs to col­lab­o­rate on a com­bo with its new­ly ap­proved check­point in­hibitor Tecen­triq (ate­zolizum­ab).

James Sabry, Genen­tech

In this deal, BioN­Tech will con­tribute its per­son­al­ized can­cer vac­cine plat­form spot­light­ing unique neoanti­gens that can be iden­ti­fied in a can­cer pa­tient’s tu­mors, a trendy new tar­get of drug de­vel­op­ers like Grit­stone, Mod­er­na and Neon Ther­a­peu­tics. Phase I stud­ies are slat­ed to be­gin next year.

BioN­Tech’s work is fo­cused on cre­at­ing syn­thet­ic mR­NAs de­signed to pro­duce ther­a­peu­tic pro­teins, turn­ing a pa­tient’s cells in­to drug fac­to­ries. Batch­es of code spur cells to cre­ate a ther­a­peu­tic pro­tein. And the part­ners are look­ing to kick up a broad as well as spe­cif­ic im­mune re­sponse to fight can­cer. In this case, the tech starts with se­quenc­ing a pa­tient’s genome for their tu­mor, then en­cod­ing the neoanti­gens for that par­tic­u­lar tu­mor in­to a mes­sage de­liv­ered by mR­NA as a vac­cine. Den­drit­ic cells de­code the in­for­ma­tion, and use it to mark tu­mor cells for de­struc­tion by the im­mune sys­tem.

These new per­son­al­ized can­cer vac­cines promise to help ex­pand on the ef­fec­tive­ness of check­point in­hibitors, which dis­man­tle hur­dles set up by can­cer cells, and hope to suc­ceed where the first wave of off-the-shelf can­cer vac­cines large­ly failed.

BioN­Tech gets rights to co-com­mer­cial­ize new ther­a­pies in the US and cer­tain Eu­ro­pean mar­kets, in­clud­ing Ger­many. And it will al­so co-fund the up­com­ing R&D work.

BioN­Tech COO Sean Marett

The deal an­nounce­ment is char­ac­ter­is­ti­cal­ly light on fi­nan­cial de­tails. But in light of the up­front and near-term cash in the deal, that sum is like­ly to be no­table.

Found­ed in 2008, Mainz, Ger­many-based BioN­Tech has been large­ly fund­ed by the Strüng­mann group, a fam­i­ly firm led by Ger­man bil­lion­aires Thomas and An­dreas Strüng­mann, iden­ti­cal twins who have been fu­el­ing a va­ri­ety of biotechs in Ger­many.

The com­pa­ny is keep­ing qui­et about the mile­stones in the deal and isn’t talk­ing about prospec­tive time­lines on the work with Genen­tech, anx­ious to keep some of its cards close to its vest.

“Im­muno-on­col­o­gy is un­be­liev­ably com­pet­i­tive,” says BioN­Tech COO Sean Marett, and that re­quires some cir­cum­spec­tion on the de­tails.

The com­pa­ny, though, laid out a sig­nif­i­cant piece of the on­col­o­gy puz­zle it’s been work­ing on in two pa­pers pub­lished last year and then last June in Na­ture. The first out­lined its work with se­quenc­ing tu­mors for neoepi­topes and in the sec­ond pa­per in­ves­ti­ga­tors out­lined how they used RNA-lipoplex­es to pre­cise­ly tar­get den­drit­ic cells, over­com­ing a key hur­dle by en­cod­ing shared tu­mor anti­gens and get­ting the T cell re­sponse they were look­ing for.

BioN­Tech has com­plet­ed one Phase I study in pa­tients, and Marett isn’t re­luc­tant to claim the lead in the field, not­ing that some U.S. biotechs start­ed af­ter the first pub­li­ca­tion in 2015. The Ger­man biotech now has a staff of 500, even larg­er than Mod­er­na’s 460, and it’s build­ing its sec­ond man­u­fac­tur­ing fa­cil­i­ty in Mainz to back up the ex­pand­ing clin­i­cal plans.

Next steps in­clude tak­ing a close look at how BioN­Tech will re­al­ize its plans, in­clud­ing co-fund­ing the work with Genen­tech, ex­pand­ing man­u­fac­tur­ing, push­ing part­nered and in-house pro­grams, with a pos­si­ble IPO on the ta­ble as one re­al pos­si­bil­i­ty.

Get­ting a pow­er­house U.S. part­ner like Genen­tech in their cor­ner moves BioN­Tech clos­er to the day it can ef­fec­tive­ly start sell­ing the ther­a­pies they’re now test­ing in the clin­ic.

“We’ve got a lot of el­e­ments in the com­pa­ny that we need,” says Marett. “The thing we were miss­ing, this abil­i­ty to be able to not on­ly man­u­fac­ture but al­so com­mer­cial­ize. That’s some­thing that this deal will al­low us to do.”

The pact marks the lat­est in a string of Big Phar­ma tie-ups with the Ger­man biotech. Sanofi signed on in a $1.5 bil­lion deal last spring. Both Mod­er­na and Cure­Vac are al­so el­bow­ing in­to the mR­NA field, with big mon­ey deals of their own. And Sanofi fol­lowed up af­ter a sep­a­rate deal BioN­Tech struck with Eli Lil­ly, which has its own plans for the on­col­o­gy field.

Com­bos are the fu­ture of can­cer drugs, and BioN­Tech is acute­ly aware of the po­ten­tial the al­liance of­fers with com­bin­ing its per­son­al­ized vac­cines with Roche’s re­cent­ly ap­proved PD-L1 check­point Tecen­triq, or ate­zolizum­ab. So is Roche/Genen­tech.

“Un­like any med­i­cine we have ever de­vel­oped, vir­tu­al­ly all can­cer pa­tients may po­ten­tial­ly ben­e­fit from a cus­tom-built can­cer vac­cine,” said James Sabry, M.D., Ph.D., Se­nior Vice Pres­i­dent and Glob­al Head of Genen­tech Part­ner­ing, in pre­pared text. “By col­lab­o­rat­ing with BioN­Tech on this cut­ting edge ap­proach, we hope to tru­ly ad­vance can­cer treat­ments by us­ing a com­mon mol­e­c­u­lar back­bone – mR­NA – that is unique­ly tai­lored to an in­di­vid­ual pa­tient.”

IM­brave150: Roche’s reg­u­la­to­ry crew plans a glob­al roll­out of Tecen­triq com­bo for liv­er can­cer as PhI­II scores a hit

Just weeks after Bristol-Myers Squibb defended its failed pivotal study pitting Opdivo against Nexavar in liver cancer, Roche says it’s beat the frontline challenge with a combination of their PD-L1 Tecentriq with Avastin. And now they’re rolling their regulatory teams in the US, Europe and China in search of a new approval — badly needed to boost a trailing franchise effort.
Given their breakthrough and Big Pharma status as well as the use of two approved drugs, FDA approval may well prove to be something of a formality. And the Chinese have been clear that they want new drugs for liver cancer, where lethal disease rates are particularly high.
Researchers at their big biotech sub, Genentech, say that the combo beat Bayer’s Nexavar on both progression-free survival as well as overall survival — the first advance in this field in more than a decade. We won’t get the breakdown in months of life gained, but it’s a big win for Roche, which has lagged far, far behind Keytruda and Opdivo, the dominant PD-1s that have captured the bulk of the checkpoint market so far.
Researchers recruited hepatocellular carcinoma — the most common form of liver cancer — patients for the IMbrave150 study who weren’t eligible for surgery ahead of any systemic treatment of the disease.
Roche has a fairly low bar to beat, with modest survival benefit for Nexavar, approved for this indication 12 years ago. But they also plan to offer a combo therapy that could have significantly less toxicity, offering patients a much easier treatment regimen.
Cowen’s Steven Scala recently sized up the importance of IMbrave150, noting:

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UP­DAT­ED: Clay Sie­gall’s $614M wa­ger on tu­ca­tinib pays off with solid­ly pos­i­tive piv­otal da­ta and a date with the FDA

Back at the beginning of 2018, Clay Siegall snagged a cancer drug called tucatinib with a $614 million cash deal to buy Cascadian. It paid off today with a solid set of mid-stage data for HER2 positive breast cancer that will in turn serve as the pivotal win Siegall needs to seek an accelerated approval in the push for a new triplet therapy.

And if all the cards keep falling in its favor, they’ll move from 1 drug on the market to 3 in 2020, which is shaping up as a landmark year as Seattle Genetics prepares for its 23rd anniversary on July 15.

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Med­ical an­i­ma­tion: Mak­ing it eas­i­er for the site and the pa­tient to un­der­stand

Medical animation has in recent years become an increasingly important tool for conveying niche information to a varied audience, particularly to those audiences without expertise in the specialist area. Science programmes today, for example, have moved from the piece-to-camera of the university professor explaining how a complex disease mechanism works, to actually showing the viewer first-hand what it might look like to shrink ourselves down to the size of an ant’s foot, and travel inside the human body to witness these processes in action. Effectively communicating a complex disease pathophysiology, or the novel mechanism of action of a new drug, can be complex. This is especially difficult when the audience domain knowledge is limited or non-existent. Medical animation can help with this communication challenge in several ways.
Improved accessibility to visualisation
Visualisation is a core component of our ability to understand a concept. Ask 10 people to visualise an apple, and each will come up with a slightly different image, some apples smaller than others, some more round, some with bites taken. Acceptable, you say, we can move on to the next part of the story. Now ask 10 people to visualise how HIV’s capsid protein gets arranged into the hexamers and pentamers that form the viral capsid that holds HIV’s genetic material. This request may pose a challenge even to someone with some virology knowledge, and it is that inability to effectively visualise what is going on that holds us back from fully understanding the rest of the story. So how does medical animation help us to overcome this visualisation challenge?

Alex­ion clinch­es aHUS ap­proval for Ul­tomiris as the clock ticks on Soliris con­ver­sion

Alexion has racked up a second approval for Ultomiris, the successor therapy to Soliris, as its mainstay blockbuster therapy faces a patent review process that could drastically shorten its patent exclusivity.

The FDA OK for atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) on Friday was widely expected after Alexion posted a full slate of positive Phase III data in January. But regulators also flagged concerns about serious meningococcal infections, slapping a black box warning on the label and mandating a REMS.

FDA ap­proval lets Foamix set its maid­en ac­ne ther­a­py on course for US mar­ket launch

Months ago, Foamix leaned on its biggest shareholders — Perceptive Advisors and OrbiMed — to financially grease its wheels, ahead of the FDA decision date for its acne therapy. On Friday, that approval came in — and the topical formulation of the antibiotic minocycline is set for a January launch.

The therapy, Amzeeq (formerly known as FMX101), was approved to treat inflammatory lesions of non-nodular moderate-to-severe acne vulgaris in patients aged 9 and older.

Alice Shaw, Lung Cancer Foundation of America

Top ALK ex­pert and can­cer drug re­searcher Al­ice Shaw bids adieu to acad­e­mia, hel­lo to No­var­tis

Jay Bradner has recruited a marquee oncology drug researcher into the ranks of the Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research. Alice Shaw is jumping from prestigious posts intertwined through Mass General, Harvard and Dana-Farber to take the lead of NIBR’s translational clinical oncology group.

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Hal Barron, GSK's president of R&D and CSO, speaks to Endpoints News founder and editor John Carroll in London at Endpoints' #UKBIO19 summit on October 8, 2019

[Video] Cel­e­brat­ing tri­al fail­ures, chang­ing the cul­ture and al­ly­ing with Cal­i­for­nia dream­ers: R&D chief Hal Bar­ron talks about a new era at GSK

Last week I had a chance to sit down with Hal Barron at Endpoints’ #UKBIO19 summit to discuss his views on R&D at GSK, a topic that has been central to his life since he took the top research post close to 2 years ago. During the conversation, Barron talked about changing the culture at GSK, a move that involves several new approaches — one of which involves celebrating their setbacks as they shift resources to the most promising programs in the pipeline. Barron also discussed his new alliances in the Bay Area — including his collaboration pact with Lyell, which we covered here — frankly assesses the pluses and minuses of the UK drug development scene, and talks about his plans for making GSK a much more effective drug developer.

This is one discussion you won’t want to miss. Insider and Enterprise subscribers can log-in to watch the video.

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Christine Bunt, Robert Langer. Verseau

Armed with Langer tech and $50M, Verseau hails new check­point drugs un­leash­ing macrophages against can­cer

The rising popularity of CD47 has propelled the “don’t-eat-me” signal to household name status in the immuno-oncology world: By blocking that protein, the theory goes, one can stop cancer cells from fooling macrophages. But just as PD-(L)1 merely represents the most fruitful of all checkpoints regulating T cells, Verseau Therapeutics is convinced that CD47 is one of many regulators one can modulate to stir up or tame the immune system.

Mi­rati preps its first look at their KRAS G12C con­tender, and they have to clear a high bar for suc­cess

If you’re a big KRAS G12C fan, mark your calendars for October 28 at 4:20 pm EDT.

That’s when Mirati $MRTX will unveil its first peek at the early clinical data available on MRTX849 in presentations at the AACR-NCI-EORTC International Conference on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics in Boston.

Mirati has been experiencing the full effect of a rival’s initial success at targeting the G12C pocket found on KRAS, offering the biotech some support on the concept they’re after — and biotech fans a race to the top. Amgen made a big splash with its first positive snapshot on lung cancer, but deflated sky-high expectations as it proved harder to find similar benefits in other types of cancers.

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