Gilead los­es key patent claims for So­val­di in Chi­na, open­ing door to ear­li­er gener­ic en­try

A par­tial patent in­val­i­da­tion by Chi­nese au­thor­i­ties has shak­en the case Gilead has been build­ing for its hep C star So­val­di by re­mov­ing a key bar­ri­er to gener­ic en­try.

The de­ci­sion means knock­offs of the high­ly ef­fec­tive hep C treat­ment can ar­rive as ear­ly as next year — rather than 2024, when the patent was orig­i­nal­ly set to ex­pire — ac­cord­ing to the Ini­tia­tive for Med­i­cines, Ac­cess, and Knowl­edge, or I-MAK. I-MAK filed one of the two re­quests for patent in­val­i­da­tion cit­ed in the rul­ing, to­geth­er with Chi­nese drug­mak­er Fu­jian Co­sunter Phar­ma.

Tahir Amin

Be­cause the patent con­cerns so­fos­bu­vir, a cru­cial base com­pound that’s al­so used to make com­bo drugs like Har­voni and Ep­clusa, this de­ci­sion could af­fect not just one prod­uct but Gilead’s whole hep C fran­chise in the coun­try.

In re­sponse to my ques­tion as to whether Gilead will ap­peal the rul­ing (they have three months to do so), a spokesper­son says the Fos­ter City, CA-based com­pa­ny has not with­drawn their claims to the so­fos­bu­vir com­pound patent ap­pli­ca­tion in Chi­na. Here’s the rest of the re­sponse:

This patent ap­pli­ca­tion is cur­rent­ly be­ing re­viewed by the Patent Re­view Board (PRB). Last week Chi­na’s PRB con­firmed the va­lid­i­ty of claims cov­er­ing the SOF metabo­lites. This de­ci­sion has no im­pact on our SOF com­pound patent ap­pli­ca­tion. Gilead is con­fi­dent in the in­tel­lec­tu­al prop­er­ty cov­er­ing the so­fos­bu­vir com­pound and all its he­pati­tis C med­i­cines, which bring the po­ten­tial of a cure to the vast ma­jor­i­ty of pa­tients suf­fer­ing from chron­ic he­pati­tis C virus (HCV) in­fec­tion. In the mean­time, we will con­tin­ue to work with the Chi­nese gov­ern­ment to fa­cil­i­tate broad ac­cess to Gilead’s he­pati­tis C med­i­cines.

While So­val­di was launched in Chi­na at one-fifth the con­tem­po­rary price in the US — al­most $9,000 for a 12-week regime — its price still fre­quent­ly comes un­der at­tack, as it has in many oth­er coun­tries around the world. In fact, Gilead has drawn crit­i­cism ever since it be­gan sell­ing the drug at $84,000 in the US. And where­as Gilead de­signed li­cens­ing deals with gener­ic com­pa­nies in coun­tries like Ukraine, Be­larus, Thai­land and Malaysia in re­sponse to com­plaints, no such agree­ment was struck in Chi­na.

Back in 2015, two years be­fore So­val­di would be ap­proved in Chi­na, the au­thor­i­ties had re­ject­ed Gilead’s ap­pli­ca­tion for an in­ac­tive pro­drug that is me­tab­o­lized once in the body.

I-MAK, which al­so played a role in that de­ci­sion, has been bring­ing le­gal chal­lenges against Gilead in a num­ber of oth­er coun­tries, in­clud­ing the US. Its co-founder Tahir Amin told STAT that even though Gilead still holds four re­main­ing patent claims on So­val­di and da­ta ex­clu­siv­i­ty in Chi­na, they shouldn’t hin­der gener­ic mak­ers as much as this patent had.

Co­sunter, which mar­ket­ed Chi­na’s first hep B gener­ic, is said to be de­vel­op­ing a copy­cat ver­sion of So­val­di.

Grow­ing ac­cep­tance of ac­cel­er­at­ed path­ways for nov­el treat­ments: but does reg­u­la­to­ry ap­proval lead to com­mer­cial suc­cess?

By Mwango Kashoki, MD, MPH, Vice President-Technical, and Richard Macaulay, Senior Director, of Parexel Regulatory & Access

In recent years, we’ve seen a significant uptake in the use of regulatory options by companies looking to accelerate the journey of life-saving drugs to market. In 2018, 73% of the novel drugs approved by the U.S. Federal Drug Administration (FDA) were designated under one or more expedited development program categories (Fast Track, Breakthrough Therapy, Priority Review, and Accelerated Approval).ᶦ

Sanofi out­lines big API plans as coro­n­avirus out­break re­port­ed­ly threat­ens short­age of 150 drugs

As the world becomes increasingly dependant on Asia for the ingredients of its medicines, Sanofi sees business to be done in Europe.

The French drugmaker said it’s creating the world’s second largest active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) manufacturer by spinning out its six current sites into a standalone company: Brindisi (Italy), Frankfurt Chemistry (Germany), Haverhill (UK), St Aubin les Elbeuf (France), Újpest (Hungary) and Vertolaye (France). They have mapped out €1 billion in expected sales by 2022 and 3,100 employees for the new operations headquartered in France.

UP­DAT­ED: NGM Bio takes leap for­ward in crowd­ed NASH field

South San Francisco-based NGM Bio may have underwhelmed with its interim analysis of a key cohort from a mid-stage NASH study last fall — but stellar topline data unveiled on Monday showed the compound induced significant signs of antifibrotic activity, NASH resolution and liver fat reduction, sending the company’s stock soaring.

There are an estimated 50+ companies focused on developing drugs for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, or NASH, a common liver disease that has long flummoxed researchers. The first wave of NASH drug developers struggled with efficacy as well as safety — and companies big and small have crashed and burned.

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Mickey Kertesz, KidsandArtOrg via YouTube

Soft­Bank's newest, $165M biotech in­vest­ment looks for in­fec­tious traces in the blood

SoftBank has found its newest biotech investment.

The Japanese bank has invested $165 million into Karius, a company that uses blood tests to diagnose infectious diseases, as part of its new Vision Fund 2. The full scope of the new fund has yet to be announced, but the first and newly-beleaguered Vision Fund poured $100 billion into technology companies, including the biotechs Vir Biotechnology and Roivant and the sequencing company 10x Genomics.

Methicillin-resistant Staph aureus (Shutterstock)

FDA grants ‘break­through’ sta­tus to an­tibi­ot­ic al­ter­na­tive as Con­tra­Fect rush­es to join fight against su­per­bug

An experimental drug that promises to be the first anti-infective agent to prove superior to vancomycin — an antibiotic approved in 1958 — has notched the FDA’s “breakthrough” status.

ContraFect said the designation was based on Phase II data in which exebacase was tested against a superbug known as methicillin-resistant Staph aureus, or MRSA. In a subgroup analysis, the clinical responder rate at day 14 was 42.8% higher than that among those treated with standard of care, the company said (p=0.010).

Zhong Nanshan, CGTN via YouTube

Har­vard joins coro­n­avirus fight with $115 mil­lion and a high-pro­file Chi­nese part­ner

For two months, as the novel coronavirus swelled from a few early cases tied to a Wuhan market to a global epidemic, most of the world’s focus and dollars have flowed toward emergency initiatives: building vaccines at a record pace, plucking experimental antivirals out of freezers to see what sticks and immunizing mice for new antibodies.

Now a new and well-funded collaboration between Harvard and a top Chinese research institute will play the long game. In a 5-year, $115 million initiative backed by China Evergrande Group, researchers from the Harvard Medical School, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Guangzhou Institute for Respiratory Health will study the virus in an effort to develop therapies against infections by the novel coronavirus, known as SARS–CoV-2, and to prevent new ones.

No­var­tis gets a boost in block­buster mul­ti­ple scle­ro­sis race with Roche

In the first step of what’s likely to be a long and uphill battle for the drugmaker, the FDA has accepted Novartis’s BLA submission for a new multiple sclerosis drug and given it priority review. The PDUFA date for the potential blockbuster drug is in June.

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Juergen Horn

An­i­mal health vet Juer­gen Horn makes new an­ti­body play for pets, rak­ing $15M in Se­ries A haul

Zoetis forked over $85 million in 2017 to acquire Nexvet Biopharma and its pipeline of monoclonal antibodies. Juergen Horn, Nexvet’s former chief product development officer, has now secured $15 million for his own biologic company for animals: Invetx.

Buoyed by emerging advances in gene therapies for humans, scientists have started looking at harnessing the technology for animals setting up companies such as Penn-partnered Scout Bio and George Church-founded Rejuvenate Bio. But akin to Nexvet, Invetx is working on leveraging the time-tested science of monoclonal antibodies to treat chronic diseases that afflict man’s best friend.

As coro­n­avirus out­break reach­es 'tip­ping point,' GSK lends ad­ju­vant tech to Chi­nese part­ner armed with pre­clin­i­cal vac­cine

As the coronavirus originating out of Wuhan spreads to South Korea, Italy and Iran, stoking already intense fears of a pandemic, GlaxoSmithKline has found another pair of trusted hands to place its adjuvant system. China’s Clover Biopharmaceuticals will add the adjuvant to its preclinical, protein-based vaccine candidate against SARS-CoV-2.

Clover, which is based in the inland city of Chengdu, boasts of a platform dubbed Trimer-Tag that produces covalently-trimerized fusion proteins. Its candidate, COVID-19 S-Trimer, resembles the viral spike (S)-protein found in the virus.