GSK bags Tesaro for $5B as it leaps back in­to com­mer­cial on­col­o­gy and beefs up can­cer drug pipeline

Glax­o­SmithK­line has struck a deal to buy Tesaro $TSRO in a $5.1 bil­lion deal that will vault the phar­ma gi­ant in­to the com­mer­cial on­col­o­gy mar­ket as it stakes out a big new role for it­self in the boom­ing can­cer field.

Long dis­cussed af­ter Tesaro man­age­ment put out the word on sev­er­al oc­ca­sions in the past year that it was look­ing to sell the com­pa­ny and its PARP in­hibitor Ze­ju­la, GSK is pay­ing $75 a share, trig­ger­ing an in­stant 60% spike in the stock this morn­ing as in­vestors caught up to the news to­day.

Wait­ing out the ear­ly buzz al­lowed GSK to pick this com­pa­ny up for a rel­a­tive bar­gain. Tesaro start­ed 2018 at $82 a share, but watched its share price slide 42% un­til to­day as an­a­lysts beat them up over their poor sales per­for­mance. In ear­ly 2017, the stock hit a high of $190. That helps ex­plain why Tesaro was nev­er able to suc­ceed at auc­tion­ing the com­pa­ny ear­li­er, when its share price was still in­flat­ed.

Ze­ju­la is one of sev­er­al PARPs to hit the mar­ket af­ter As­traZeneca pi­o­neered the field with the first ap­proval for Lyn­parza, though lit­tle Tesaro has strug­gled to play catch-up along­side Clo­vis and Pfiz­er, which won a re­cent ap­proval for its PARP, ob­tained in the Medi­va­tion buy­out.

It won’t be easy. As­traZeneca and its new part­ners at Mer­ck have poured re­sources in­to the Lyn­parza fran­chise, win­ning block­buster re­turns as they widen their lead over the pack. And the ac­qui­si­tion wasn’t ex­act­ly cheered by GSK in­vestors, who drove the stock down a painful 8% af­ter the news hit.

The ac­qui­si­tion, though, gives Hal Bar­ron’s resur­gent can­cer re­search group un­der Ax­el Hoos a new drug to work with, as GSK pur­sues new in­di­ca­tions in a range of clin­i­cal tri­als aimed at ex­pand­ing its mar­ket pres­ence in on­col­o­gy.

GSK is just now jump­ing back in­to the com­mer­cial can­cer field af­ter strik­ing a deal with No­var­tis to flip its late-stage and mar­ket­ed on­col­o­gy prod­ucts for a port­fo­lio of vac­cines.

The move comes about a year af­ter Bar­ron — who had a leg­endary run at Genen­tech — took the top R&D job at GSK. As he told me ear­li­er this year, his new team — in­clud­ing new BD chief Kevin Sin — was hard at it scour­ing the globe for deals that made sense for the com­pa­ny.

At this point, a weary Tesaro and Ze­ju­la looked un­der­val­ued. And that made it a prime tar­get for the phar­ma com­pa­ny. GSK has been a ma­jor play­er in HIV and vac­cines, but its phar­ma R&D ops are the weak­est in its heavy­weight class.

This new deal brings a pipeline that al­so adds a PD-1 — one in a tidal wave of check­points — as well as TIM-3 and LAG-3 as­sets, which are al­so not so un­com­mon. In the mean­time, Bar­ron made it clear in a call with re­porters this morn­ing that he was ea­ger to see about the po­ten­tial to ex­pand Ze­ju­la in­to the broad­er HRD-pos­i­tive com­mu­ni­ty, which would dra­mat­i­cal­ly in­crease the size of the mar­ket.

PARPs work by in­ter­fer­ing with DNA re­pair mech­a­nisms that al­low can­cer cells to sur­vive, open­ing up an av­enue that could re­late to a va­ri­ety of can­cers.

So what hap­pens to the 800 or so staffers at Tesaro? 

Em­ma Walm­s­ley

In a call with re­porters Mon­day morn­ing, CEO Em­ma Walm­s­ley not­ed that the deal wasn’t be­ing dri­ven by cost syn­er­gies and al­so brings com­mer­cial ca­pa­bil­i­ties back to a com­pa­ny that cur­rent­ly doesn’t have an on­col­o­gy sales force. In time, she added, they’ll look at syn­er­gies — code for cuts — but it’s ear­ly days on that.

Walm­s­ley al­so de­clined to say just what kind of peak sales they can ex­pect from Ze­ju­la. In the past, though, peak sales es­ti­mates have climbed to $2 bil­lion.

“Our strong be­lief is that PARP in­hibitors are im­por­tant med­i­cines that have been un­der ap­pre­ci­at­ed in terms of the im­pact they can have on can­cer pa­tients,” Bar­ron not­ed in a state­ment. “We are op­ti­mistic that Ze­ju­la will demon­strate ben­e­fit in pa­tients with ovar­i­an can­cer be­yond those who are BR­CA-pos­i­tive as front-line treat­ment. We are al­so very ex­cit­ed that through this trans­ac­tion, we will have the op­por­tu­ni­ty to work with an out­stand­ing Boston-based on­col­o­gy group with deep clin­i­cal de­vel­op­ment ex­per­tise and to­geth­er we will ex­plore Ze­ju­la’s ef­fi­ca­cy be­yond ovar­i­an can­cer in­to mul­ti­ple tu­mour types to help many more pa­tients.”


Im­age: Ax­el Hoos, Hal Bar­ron, John Lep­ore, Kevin Sin and Tony Wood.

The Price of Re­lief: Ex­plor­ing So­lu­tions to the Ris­ing Costs of On­col­o­gy Drugs

In 2020, The National Cancer Institute estimated about 1.8 million new cases of cancer diagnosed in the United States, while the costs associated with treatment therapies continued to escalate. Given the current legislative climate on drug pricing, it’s never been more important to look at the evolution of drug pricing globally and control concerns of sustainable and affordable treatments in oncology.

Lat­est news on Pfiz­er's $3B+ JAK1 win; Pacts over M&A at #JPM22; 2021 by the num­bers; Bio­gen's Aduhelm reck­on­ing; The sto­ry of sotro­vimab; and more

Welcome back to Endpoints Weekly, your review of the week’s top biopharma headlines. Want this in your inbox every Saturday morning? Current Endpoints readers can visit their reader profile to add Endpoints Weekly. New to Endpoints? Sign up here.

For those of you who attended #JPM22 in any shape or form, we hope you had a fruitful time. Regardless of how you spent the past hectic week, may your weekend be just what you need it to be.

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A $3B+ peak sales win? Pfiz­er thinks so, as FDA of­fers a tardy green light to its JAK1 drug abroc­i­tinib

Back in the fall of 2020, newly crowned Pfizer chief Albert Bourla confidently put their JAK1 inhibitor abrocitinib at the top of the list of blockbuster drugs in the late-stage pipeline with a $3 billion-plus peak sales estimate.

Since then it’s been subjected to serious criticism for the safety warnings associated with the class, held back by a cautious FDA and questioned when researchers rolled out a top-line boast that their heavyweight contender had beaten the champ in the field of atopic dermatitis — Dupixent — in a head-to-head study.

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Robert Califf, FDA commissioner nominee (Graeme Sloan/Sipa USA/Sipa via AP Images)

Rob Califf ad­vances as Biden's FDA nom­i­nee, with a close com­mit­tee vote

Rob Califf’s second confirmation process as FDA commissioner is already much more difficult than his near unanimous confirmation under the Obama administration.

The Senate Health Committee on Thursday voted 13-8 in favor of advancing Califf’s nomination to a full Senate vote. Several Democrats voted against Califf, including Sen. Bernie Sanders and Sen. Maggie Hassan. Several other Democrats who aren’t on the committee, like West Virginia’s Joe Manchin and Ed Markey of Massachusetts, also said Thursday that they would not vote for Califf. Markey, Hassan and Manchin all previously expressed reservations about the prospect of Janet Woodcock as an FDA commissioner nominee too.

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Michel Vounatsos, Biogen CEO (World Economic Forum/Ciaran McCrickard)

Bio­gen vows to fight CM­S' draft cov­er­age de­ci­sion for Aduhelm be­fore April fi­nal­iza­tion

Biogen executives made clear in an investor call Thursday they are not preparing to run a new CMS-approved clinical trial for their controversial Alzheimer’s drug anytime soon.

As requested in a draft national coverage decision from CMS earlier this week, Biogen and other anti-amyloid drugs will need to show “a meaningful improvement in health outcomes” for Alzheimer’s patients in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial to get paid for their drugs, rather than just the reduction in amyloid plaques that won Aduhelm its accelerated approval in June.

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CRO own­er pleads guilty to ob­struct­ing FDA in­ves­ti­ga­tion in­to fal­si­fied clin­i­cal tri­al da­ta

The co-owner of a Florida-based clinical research site pleaded guilty to lying to an FDA investigator during a 2017 inspection, revealing that she falsely portrayed part of a GlaxoSmithKline pediatric asthma study as legitimate, when in fact she knew that certain data had been falsified, the Department of Justice said Wednesday.

Three other employees — Yvelice Villaman Bencosme, Lisett Raventos and Maytee Lledo — previously pleaded guilty and were sentenced in connection with falsifying data associated with the trial at the CRO Unlimited Medical Research.

Susan Galbraith, AstraZeneca EVP, Oncology R&D

Can­cer pow­er­house As­traZeneca rolls the dice on a $75M cash bet on a buzzy up­start in the on­col­o­gy field

After establishing itself in the front ranks of cancer drug developers and marketers, AstraZeneca is putting its scientific shoulder — and a significant amount of cash — behind the wheel of a brash new upstart in the biotech world.

The pharma giant trumpeted news this morning that it is handing over $75 million upfront to ally itself with Scorpion Therapeutics, one of those biotechs that was newly birthed by some top scientific, venture and executive talent and bequeathed with a fortune by way of a bankroll to advance an only hazily explained drug platform. And they are still very much in the discovery and preclinical phase.

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‘Skin­ny la­bels’ on gener­ics can save pa­tients mon­ey, re­search shows, but re­cent court de­ci­sions cloud fu­ture

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While courts have generally allowed generic manufacturers to use their statutorily permitted skinny-label approvals, last summer, a federal circuit court found that Teva Pharmaceuticals was liable for inducing prescribers and patients to infringe GlaxoSmithKline’s patents through advertising and marketing practices that suggested Teva’s generic, with its skinny label, could be employed for the patented uses.

A patient in Alaska receiving an antibody infusion to prevent Covid hospitalizations in September. All but one of these treatments has been rendered useless by Omicron (Rick Bowmer/AP Images)

How a tiny Swiss lab and two old blood sam­ples cre­at­ed one of the on­ly ef­fec­tive drugs against Omi­cron (and why we have so lit­tle of it)

Exactly a decade before a novel coronavirus broke out in Wuhan, Davide Corti — a newly-minted immunologist with frameless glasses and a quick laugh — walked into a cramped lab on the top floor of an office building two hours outside Zurich. He had only enough money for two technicians and the ceiling was so low in parts that short stature was a job requirement, but Corti believed it’d be enough to test an idea he thought could change medicine.

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