Psilocybin mushrooms (via The Denver Post)

In a key step for psy­che­del­ic re­search, mag­ic mush­room com­pound clears first clin­i­cal safe­ty hur­dle

Ex­as­per­at­ed with the of­ten-in­ef­fec­tive ex­ist­ing slate of an­ti­de­pres­sants, COM­PASS Path­ways set up shop in Lon­don 2016 — and made a bee­line for psilo­cy­bin, the psy­choac­tive in­gre­di­ent in mag­ic mush­rooms.

On Wednes­day, the start­up said its man-made ver­sion of the chem­i­cal — which is il­le­gal across ge­o­gra­phies in its nat­ur­al fun­gi form — had been well-tol­er­at­ed in an ear­ly-stage, place­bo-con­trolled tri­al in 89 healthy vol­un­teers.

Al­though pre­vi­ous re­search sup­ports the use of psilo­cy­bin in re­liev­ing symp­toms of de­pres­sion, small­er stud­ies are not al­ways place­bo-con­trolled. The tri­al test­ing the COM­PASS com­pound is the largest con­trolled study of psilo­cy­bin to date, said the study’s lead in­ves­ti­ga­tor, James Ruck­er of King’s Col­lege Lon­don’s In­sti­tute of Psy­chi­a­try, Psy­chol­o­gy & Neu­ro­science, in a state­ment.

Ex­ist­ing an­ti­de­pres­sants typ­i­cal­ly come in a pill form, and take weeks to kick in. J&J’s phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal con­coc­tion of ke­t­a­mine — the no­to­ri­ous par­ty drug that is al­so a horse and cat tran­quil­iz­er — was ap­proved ear­li­er this year, comes in the form of a nasal spray.

Tra­cy Che­ung

In the COM­PASS tri­al, vol­un­teers were ran­dom­ized to re­ceive a 10 mg or 25 mg dose of the syn­the­sized chem­i­cal (en­cap­su­lat­ed in a pill) or giv­en place­bo. Once dosed, vol­un­teers were giv­en in­di­vid­ual sup­port from ther­a­pists in groups of six in ses­sions that last­ed up to six hours.

The pa­tients who got the drug will most like­ly have ex­pe­ri­enced some psy­che­del­ic ef­fect, which is why the ther­a­pists were avail­able on hand, COM­PASS’ chief com­mu­ni­ca­tions of­fi­cer Tra­cy Che­ung not­ed in an in­ter­view with End­points News.

“Some­times that can be a lit­tle bit fright­en­ing or a lit­tle bit in­tense and the ther­a­pist is just there to hold your hand if that’s what’s re­quired and just pro­vide some sup­port or just to kind of say it’s all right, I’m here.”

No se­ri­ous ad­verse events emerged, and the most com­mon side ef­fects — as ex­pect­ed — were in the psy­che­del­ic realm, in­clud­ing changes in sen­so­ry per­cep­tion. The com­pound, dubbed COMP360, al­so had no im­pact on cog­ni­tive and emo­tion­al func­tion­ing, the com­pa­ny said.

COM­PASS is al­so con­duct­ing a Phase II tri­al test­ing its psilo­cy­bin com­pound in 216 pa­tients with treat­ment-re­sis­tant de­pres­sion across sites in North Amer­i­ca and Eu­rope. The com­pa­ny ex­pects to re­port da­ta from this study, which does not in­clude a place­bo arm, by ear­ly 2021.

Psilo­cy­bin is a sub­stance that in most re­gions is clas­si­fied as hav­ing no med­i­c­i­nal val­ue, falling in the same cat­e­go­ry as chem­i­cals such as LSD.

“At the mo­ment…we can use it but there’s an aw­ful lot of pa­per­work and we have to get li­cens­es for each of the coun­tries that we’re work­ing on do­ing the clin­i­cal tri­al,” Che­ung said, not­ing that the com­pa­ny has raised £28 mil­lion so far to in­ves­ti­gate the drug.

Psy­choac­tive in­gre­di­ents, whether de­rived from cannabis, LSD or mag­ic mush­rooms, have long cap­ti­vat­ed men­tal health re­searchers. Nav­i­gat­ing the com­plex le­gal hur­dles to ac­cess these com­pounds has thawed the pace of re­search but with mo­ti­vat­ed sci­en­tists and a grow­ing bur­den of poor­ly treat­ed men­tal health con­di­tions, the ecosys­tem of psy­che­del­ic re­search has ex­plod­ed. In Sep­tem­ber, John Hop­kin’s un­veiled it had scored $17 mil­lion to open its very own cen­ter of psy­che­del­ic re­search to ex­plore the im­pact of psy­che­del­ic com­pounds on cre­ativ­i­ty and well-be­ing.

But the brim­ming en­thu­si­asm comes with a healthy dose of skep­ti­cism. Crit­ics wor­ry that the bur­geon­ing re­search could in­cen­tivize un­bri­dled use of non-phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal ver­sions of these drugs and that clin­i­cal tri­al da­ta could be cloud­ed by the fact that place­bo-con­trolled stud­ies are not nec­es­sar­i­ly dou­ble-blind­ed, be­cause it is far too easy to de­ter­mine which group of pa­tients have been giv­en a place­bo.

The DCT-OS: A Tech­nol­o­gy-first Op­er­at­ing Sys­tem - En­abling Clin­i­cal Tri­als

As technology-enabled clinical research becomes the new normal, an integrated decentralized clinical trial operating system can ensure quality, deliver consistency and improve the patient experience.

The increasing availability of COVID-19 vaccines has many of us looking forward to a time when everyday things return to a state of normal. Schools and teachers are returning to classrooms, offices and small businesses are reopening, and there’s a palpable sense of optimism that the often-awkward adjustments we’ve all made personally and professionally in the last year are behind us, never to return. In the world of clinical research, however, some pandemic-necessitated adjustments are proving to be more than emergency stopgap measures to ensure trial continuity — and numerous decentralized clinical trial (DCT) tools and methodologies employed within the last year are likely here to stay as part of biopharma’s new normal.

Onno van de Stolpe, Galapagos CEO (Thierry Roge/Belga Mag/AFP via Getty Images)

Gala­pa­gos chops in­to their pipeline, drop­ping core fields and re­or­ga­niz­ing R&D as the BD team hunts for some­thing 'trans­for­ma­tive'

Just 5 months after Gilead gutted its rich partnership with Galapagos following a bitter setback at the FDA, the Belgian biotech is hunkering down and chopping the pipeline in an effort to conserve cash while their BD team pursues a mission to find a “transformative” deal for the company.

The filgotinib disaster didn’t warrant a mention as Galapagos laid out its Darwinian restructuring plans. Forced to make choices, the company is ditching its IPF molecule ’1205, while moving ahead with a Phase II IPF study for its chitinase inhibitor ’4617.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 104,800+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Stéphane Bancel, Getty

Mod­er­na CEO brush­es off US sup­port for IP waiv­er, eyes more than $19B in Covid-19 vac­cine sales in 2021

Moderna is definitively more concerned with keeping pace with Pfizer in the race to vaccinate the world against Covid-19 than it is with Wednesday’s decision from the Biden administration to back an intellectual property waiver that aims to increase vaccine supplies worldwide.

In its first quarter earnings call on Thursday, Moderna CEO Stéphane Bancel shrugged off any suggestion that the newly US-backed intellectual property waiver would impact his company’s vaccine or bottom line. Still, the company’s stock price fell by about 9% in early morning trading.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 104,800+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

'Chang­ing the whole game of drug dis­cov­ery': Leg­endary R&D vet Roger Perl­mut­ter leaps back in­to work as a biotech CEO

Roger Perlmutter needs no introduction to anyone remotely involved in biopharma. As the R&D chief first at Amgen and then Merck, he’s built a stellar reputation and a prolific career steering new drugs toward the market for everything from cancer to infectious diseases.

But for years, he’s also held a less known title: science partner at The Column Group, where he’s regularly consulted about the various ideas the VCs had for new startups.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 104,800+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Ad­comm splits slight­ly in fa­vor of FDA ap­prov­ing Chemo­Cen­tryx’s rare dis­ease drug

The FDA’s Arthritis Advisory Committee on Thursday voted 10 for and 8 against the approval of ChemoCentryx’s $CCXI investigational drug avacopan as a treatment for adults with a rare and serious disease known as anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-vasculitis.

The vote on whether the FDA should approve the drug was preceded by a split vote of 9 to 9 on whether the efficacy data support approval, and 10 to 8 that the safety profile of avacopan is adequate enough to support approval.

Paul Hastings, Nkarta CEO

With no up­front pay­ment or mile­stones on the line, Nkar­ta and CRISPR join forces on CAR-NK search

Most deals in biotech come with hefty upfront payments attached, and the promise of big biobucks if a program works out. Not this one.

Nkarta has struck what CEO Paul Hastings calls a “real collaboration” with CRISPR Therapeutics to co-develop and commercialize two CAR-NK therapies, in addition to an NK+T program. The duo will split all R&D costs — and any worldwide profits — 50/50, Hastings said.

Brent Saunders (Richard Drew, AP Images)

OcuWho? Star deal­mak­er turned aes­thet­ics czar Brent Saun­ders flips back in­to biotech. But who’s he team­ing up with now?

Brent Saunders went on a tear of headline-blazing deals building Allergan, merging and rearranging a variety of big companies into one before an M&A pact with Pfizer blew up and sent him on a bout of biotech drug deals. That didn’t work so well, so under pressure, he got his buyout at AbbVie — which needed a big franchise like Botox. And it was no big surprise to see him riding the SPAC wave into a recent $1 billion-plus deal that left him in the executive chairman’s seat at an aesthetics outfit — now redubbed The Beauty Health Company — holding a big chunk of the equity.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 104,800+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Drug pric­ing watch­dog joins the cho­rus of crit­ics on Bio­gen's ad­u­canum­ab: What about charg­ing $2,560 per year?

As if Biogen’s aducanumab isn’t controversial enough, the researchers at drug pricing watchdog ICER have drawn up the contours of a new debate: If the therapy does get approved for Alzheimer’s by June, what price should it command?

Their answer: At most $8,290 per year — and perhaps as little as $2,560.

Even at the top of the range, the proposed price is a fraction of the $50,000 that Wall Street has reportedly come to expect (although RBC analyst Brian Abrahams puts the consensus figure at $11.5K). With critics, including experts on the FDA’s advisory committee, making their fierce opposition to aducanumab’s approval loud and clear, the pricing pressure adds one extra wrinkle Biogen CEO Michel Vounatsos doesn’t need as he orders full-steam preparation for a launch.

Biden ad­min­is­tra­tion backs a po­lar­iz­ing pro­pos­al to waive IP for all Covid-19 vac­cines

In a surprise U-turn, the Biden administration said Wednesday that it will support a proposal at the World Trade Organization to temporarily waive intellectual property protections on Covid-19 vaccines.

The proposal, backed by South Africa and India at the WTO, seeks to help developing countries with limited vaccine supplies. The US and Europe historically opposed the proposal, saying IP should be protected because it incentivizes new drug and vaccine development.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 104,800+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.