Look­ing to cure Type 1 di­a­betes, in­vestors front $114M to launch a pi­o­neer­ing hu­man study at Sem­ma

Three years ago, Har­vard’s Doug Melton pub­lished a land­mark study out­lin­ing how he had suc­cess­ful­ly used stem cells to cre­ate in­sulin-pro­duc­ing pan­cre­at­ic be­ta cells that were in­sert­ed in bulk in­to mice and suc­cess­ful­ly pro­tect­ed from an im­mune re­sponse — a break­through in re­gen­er­a­tive med­i­cine that bore re­al promise to pro­vide a cu­ra­tive ap­proach for Type 1 di­a­betes that could con­ceiv­ably end a life­time of in­sulin shots.

It was the cul­mi­na­tion of 23 years of lab work, launched when his son was di­ag­nosed with Type 1 di­a­betes. And that achieve­ment marked the be­gin­ning of some­thing new in biotech.

That same year Sem­ma Ther­a­peu­tics would be launched — with a $44 mil­lion A round land­ing in 2015 — in pur­suit of a mis­sion to com­plete one of the most am­bi­tious pre­clin­i­cal pro­grams in the re­gen­er­a­tive med field. And af­ter work­ing on all the nit­ty grit­ty re­search need­ed to see if this tech could be scaled up to hu­man size, an ex­pand­ed syn­di­cate of ven­ture in­vestors have put to­geth­er a whop­ping $114 mil­lion round with plans to take this in­to hu­mans for a first-of-its-kind proof-of-con­cept study.

One of the big chal­lenges Sem­ma faced in scal­ing up, Melton tells me, was to cre­ate a mem­brane specif­i­cal­ly de­signed with pores that were large enough for mol­e­cules to pass through but too small for im­mune cells to pen­e­trate. Us­ing some cal­cu­la­tions from the lab, Melton and his col­leagues es­ti­mat­ed that they would need some 150 mil­lion cells — pos­si­bly rang­ing up to three times that amount — in or­der to pro­vide the nat­ur­al in­sulin need­ed to elim­i­nate the shots.

Melton com­pares the mem­brane to a tea bag, but one that couldn’t be over­loaded. The re­place­ment cells, he said, “will on­ly se­crete the right amount de­pend­ing on the lev­el of sug­ar in the blood.”

Mark Fish­man

The big round marks an in­flec­tion point for the 35 staffers at Sem­ma, says chair­man Mark Fish­man, who joined Har­vard af­ter a 13-year stint run­ning the No­var­tis In­sti­tutes for Bio­Med­ical Re­search.

“Un­til you get this kind of fund­ing,” says Fish­man, “you don’t know how broad your strat­e­gy can be. With this fund­ing, we can get through a proof-of-con­cept tri­al, with enough in­for­ma­tion to know whether this works.” They can fol­low par­al­lel tracks and al­so start think­ing through some new di­rec­tions to pur­sue as their di­a­betes treat­ment pro­ceeds.

Typ­i­cal­ly, you nev­er see VCs back­ing a di­a­betes play. A few ma­jor multi­na­tion­als con­trol the bulk of the de­vel­op­ment work be­cause the reg­u­la­to­ry re­quire­ments for ap­proval are daunt­ing. But that’s in Type 2, which is spread­ing at epi­dem­ic pro­por­tions. In­her­it­ed Type 1 di­a­betes has a much small­er pop­u­la­tion, adds Fish­man, which makes it pos­si­ble to con­sid­er push­ing ahead in­to late-stage de­vel­op­ment alone.

As for time­lines, Fish­man is play­ing his cards close to the vest. Ear­ly-stage re­search, as he knows all too well, has a lot of vari­ables that can af­fect time­lines. An IND is com­ing, he says, and the com­pa­ny will see how it plays out, with a spe­cial fo­cus in start­ing to look at how durable a sin­gle treat­ment can be — one of the the big is­sues that Melton is most in­trigued by.

The mega-round in play al­so un­der­scores the will­ing­ness of ven­ture back­ers to go big these days when they’re fo­cused on mak­ing a pi­o­neer­ing ad­vance.

Eight Roads Ven­tures and Cowen Health­care In­vest­ments co-led the fi­nanc­ing with help from MPM Cap­i­tal, F-Prime Cap­i­tal Part­ners and Arch Ven­ture Part­ners. Ex­ist­ing strate­gic part­ners in­clude No­var­tis, Medtron­ic and the JDRF T1D Fund, and new in­vestors jump­ing in in­clude ORI Health­care Fund, Wu Cap­i­tal, 6 Di­men­sions Cap­i­tal and SinoPharm Cap­i­tal. Sem­ma named Daniel Auer­bach from Eight Roads and Kevin Raidy from Cowen to its board of di­rec­tors.

Busy Gilead crew throws strug­gling biotech a life­line, with some cash up­front and hun­dreds of mil­lions in biobucks for HIV deal

Durect $DRRX got a badly needed shot in the arm Monday morning as Gilead’s busy BD team lined up access to its extended-release platform tech for HIV and hepatitis B.

Gilead, a leader in the HIV sector, is paying a modest $25 million in cash for the right to jump on the platform at Durect, which has been using its technology to come up with an extended-release version of bupivacaine. The FDA rejected that in 2014, but Durect has been working on a comeback.

In­tec blitzed by PhI­II flop as lead pro­gram fails to beat Mer­ck­'s stan­dard com­bo for Parkin­son’s

Intec Pharma’s $NTEC lead drug slammed into a brick wall Monday morning. The small-cap Israeli biotech reported that its lead program — coming off a platform designed to produce a safer, more effective oral drug for Parkinson’s — failed the Phase III at the primary endpoint.

Researchers at Intec, which has already seen its share price collapse over the past few months, says that its Accordion Pill-Carbidopa/Levodopa failed to prove superior to Sinemet in reducing daily ‘off’ time. 

Cel­gene racks up third Ote­zla ap­proval, heat­ing up talks about who Bris­tol-My­ers will sell to

Whoever is taking Otezla off Bristol-Myers Squibb’s hands will have one more revenue stream to boast.

The drug — a rising star in Celgene’s pipeline that generated global sales of $1.6 billion last year — is now OK’d to treat oral ulcers associated with Behçet’s disease, a common symptom for a rare inflammatory disorder. This marks the third FDA approval for the PDE4 inhibitor since 2014, when it was greenlighted for plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.

Endpoints News

Basic subscription required

Unlock this story instantly and join 55,100+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Vlad Coric (Biohaven)

In an­oth­er dis­ap­point­ment for in­vestors, FDA slaps down Bio­haven’s re­vised ver­sion of an old ALS drug

Biohaven is at risk of making a habit of disappointing its investors.

Late Friday the biotech $BHVN reported that the FDA had rejected its application for riluzole, an old drug that they had made over into a sublingual formulation that dissolves under the tongue. According to Biohaven, the FDA had a problem with the active ingredient used in a bioequivalence study back in 2017, which they got from the Canadian drugmaker Apotex.

Apotex, though, has been a disaster ground. The manufacturer voluntarily yanked the ANDAs on 31 drugs — in late 2017 — after the FDA came across serious manufacturing deficiencies at their plants in India. A few days ago, the FDA made it official.

Endpoints News

Basic subscription required

Unlock this story instantly and join 55,100+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Francesco De Rubertis

Medicxi is rolling out its biggest fund ever to back Eu­rope's top 'sci­en­tists with strange ideas'

Francesco De Rubertis built Medicxi to be the kind of biotech venture player he would have liked to have known back when he was a full time scientist.

“When I was a scientist 20 years ago I would have loved Medicxi,’ the co-founder tells me. It’s the kind of place run by and for investigators, what the Medicxi partner calls “scientists with strange ideas — a platform for the drug hunter and scientific entrepreneur. That’s what I wanted when I was a scientist.”

Endpoints News

Basic subscription required

Unlock this story instantly and join 55,100+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Af­ter a decade, Vi­iV CSO John Pot­tage says it's time to step down — and he's hand­ing the job to long­time col­league Kim Smith

ViiV Healthcare has always been something unique in the global drug industry.

Owned by GlaxoSmithKline and Pfizer — with GSK in the lead as majority owner — it was created 10 years ago in a time of deep turmoil for the field as something independent of the pharma giants, but with access to lots of infrastructural support on demand. While R&D at the mother ship inside GSK was souring, a razor-focused ViiV provided a rare bright spot, challenging Gilead on a lucrative front in delivering new combinations that require fewer therapies with a more easily tolerated regimen.

They kept a massive number of people alive who would otherwise have been facing a death sentence. And they made money.

And throughout, John Pottage has been the chief scientific and chief medical officer.

Until now.

Endpoints News

Basic subscription required

Unlock this story instantly and join 55,100+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Chas­ing Roche's ag­ing block­buster fran­chise, Am­gen/Al­ler­gan roll out Avastin, Her­ceptin knock­offs at dis­count

Let the long battle for biosimilars in the cancer space begin.

Amgen has launched its Avastin and Herceptin copycats — licensed from the predecessors of Allergan — almost two years after the FDA had stamped its approval on Mvasi (bevacizumab-awwb) and three months after the Kanjinti OK (trastuzumab-anns). While the biotech had been fielding biosimilars in Europe, this marks their first foray in the US — and the first oncology biosimilars in the country.

Seer adds ex-FDA chief Mark Mc­Clel­lan to the board; Her­cules Cap­i­tal makes it of­fi­cial for new CEO Scott Bluestein

→ On the same day it announced a $17.5 million Series C, life sciences and health data company Seer unveiled that it had lured former FDA commissioner and ex-CMS administrator Mark McClellan on to its board. “Mark’s deep understanding of the health care ecosystem and visionary insights on policy reform will be crucial in informing our thinking as we work to bring our liquid biopsy and life sciences products to market,” said Seer chief and founder Omid Farokhzad in a statement.

Daniel O'Day

No­var­tis hands off 3 pre­clin­i­cal pro­grams to the an­tivi­ral R&D mas­ters at Gilead

Gilead CEO Daniel O’Day’s new task hunting up a CSO for the company isn’t stopping the industry’s dominant antiviral player from doing pipeline deals.

The big biotech today snapped up 3 preclinical antiviral programs from pharma giant Novartis, with drugs promising to treat human rhinovirus, influenza and herpes viruses. We don’t know what the upfront is, but the back end has $291 million in milestones baked in.