Next-gen T cell play­er TCR2 Ther­a­peu­tics sets stage for $100M-plus IPO as MP­M's Baeuer­le caps pro­lif­ic year

Patrick Baeuer­le

Patrick Baeuer­le has been busy. Right af­ter steer­ing next-gen BiTE com­pa­ny Har­poon Ther­a­peu­tics to­ward an IPO, the MPM part­ner and im­mu­nol­o­gist is shep­herd­ing an­oth­er on­col­o­gy com­pa­ny with pre­clin­i­cal as­sets — TCR2 Ther­a­peu­tics — in­to a pub­lic list­ing. And this time the biotech is look­ing for $100 mil­lion-plus in a mar­ket that’s been on a wild roller coast­er ride.

The im­munother­a­py com­pa­ny is de­vel­op­ing next-gen T-cell drugs for can­cer in an ef­fort to con­front lim­i­ta­tions posed by cur­rent T-cell and CAR-T ther­a­pies in sol­id tu­mors.

Robert Hofmeis­ter

One of the key com­po­nents of the im­mune sys­tem are T cells, which oblit­er­ate can­cer cells by us­ing T cell re­cep­tor (TCR) recog­ni­tion of cell sur­face mark­ers known as anti­gens. When a T cell rec­og­nizes a tu­mor anti­gen via the TCR, it snuffs the ma­lig­nant cell on which it re­sides. Ex­ist­ing T cell ther­a­pies for can­cer, in­clud­ing CAR-T cells and en­gi­neered TCR-T cells, at­tempt to repli­cate this mech­a­nism.

The drug de­vel­op­er’s tech­nol­o­gy — called TRuC-T cells — is de­signed to rec­og­nize and kill can­cer cells by har­ness­ing the TCR sig­nal­ing com­plex, un­like CAR-T for in­stance, which on­ly taps in­to a part of the TCR struc­ture. In con­trast to ex­ist­ing T cell ther­a­pies, the TCR2 tech­nol­o­gy is fash­ioned such that it could be used across pa­tients that ex­press the can­cer sur­face anti­gen ir­re­spec­tive of hu­man leuko­cyte anti­gens (HLA) sub­type, which could po­ten­tial­ly ad­dress a larg­er group of pa­tients.

The com­pa­ny has 5 drugs in its ar­se­nal. Its lead can­di­date — TC-210 — is be­ing de­vel­oped to tar­get mesothe­lin-pos­i­tive sol­id tu­mors. An ap­pli­ca­tion to test the drug in hu­mans was sub­mit­ted in De­cem­ber and the com­pa­ny ex­pects to con­duct a Phase I/II study ear­ly in 2019, and even­tu­al­ly ap­ply for the FDA’s fast track sta­tus. Its sec­ond drug, TC-110, is be­ing eval­u­at­ed for CD19-pos­i­tive B-cell hema­to­log­i­cal ma­lig­nan­cies. An IND is ex­pect­ed to be filed in the sec­ond half of 2019 and the com­pa­ny will al­so seek a fast track des­ig­na­tion for this as­set.  The rest — TC-220, TC-310 and TC-410 — are in ear­li­er stages of pre­clin­i­cal de­vel­op­ment.

Al­fon­so Quin­tás Car­dama

TCRwill have two ex­pe­ri­enced sci­en­tif­ic minds work­ing on their pipeline in the clin­ic: Robert Hofmeis­ter, who de­vel­oped one of the first PD-L1 in­hibitors — Baven­cio — while at EMD Serono, will serve as CSO, while Al­fon­so Quin­tás Car­dama, who was piv­otal in the ap­proval process for one of the two li­censed T cell ther­a­pies for hema­to­log­i­cal ma­lig­nan­cies — No­var­tis’ Kym­ri­ah — will serve as CMO.

The com­pa­ny will be list­ed on the Nas­daq un­der the sym­bol $TCRR, ac­cord­ing to the S-1 post­ed last week. TCRwas found­ed by Baeuer­le, a part­ner at MPM who pre­vi­ous­ly served as CSO at Mi­cromet be­fore it was swal­lowed by Am­gen. Baeuer­le was ush­ered in­to Am­gen — where R&D was then run by Roger Perl­mut­ter — fol­low­ing the buy­out, to help take Mi­cromet’s Blin­cy­to across the fin­ish line.

Mitchell Fin­er

TCR2 al­so worked close­ly with Mitchell Fin­er, an MPM Cap­i­tal ex­ec­u­tive part­ner who has decades of cell ther­a­py man­u­fac­tur­ing ex­pe­ri­ence, in­clud­ing the de­sign of GMP process­es for blue­bird bio and Cell Genesys. Over­all, just un­der half of the 30 com­pa­nies MPM has in­vest­ed in are on­col­o­gy-fo­cused.

So far, TCR2  has raised rough­ly $170 mil­lion from in­vestors, in­clud­ing MPM Cap­i­tal, F2 Ven­tures, Di­men­sions Cap­i­tal, Ar­row­Mark Part­ners, Cathay For­tune Cap­i­tal, Cu­ra­tive Ven­tures, Hill­house Cap­i­tal Group, Mi­rae­As­set Fi­nan­cial Group and Red­mile Group. Pri­or to the IPO, MPM has the biggest hold­ing with a 19.18% stake, and F2 is a run­ner up with a 15.97% stake.

Lessons for biotech and phar­ma from a doc­tor who chased his own cure

After being struck by a rare disease as a healthy third year medical student, David Fajgenbaum began an arduous journey chasing his own cure. Amidst the hustle of this year’s JP Morgan conference, the digital trials platform Medable partnered with Endpoints Studio to share Dr. Fajgenbaum’s story with the drug development industry.

What follows is an edited transcript of the conversation between Medable CEO Dr. Michelle Longmire and Dr. Fajgenbaum, and it is full of lessons for biotech executives charged with bringing the next generation of medicines to patients.

Kathy High (file photo)

Gene ther­a­py pi­o­neer Kathy High has left Spark af­ter com­plet­ing $4.3B union with Roche

Kathy High dedicated the past seven years of her life shepherding experimental gene therapies she’s developed at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia toward the market as president and head of R&D at Spark Therapeutics. Now that the biotech startup is fully absorbed into Roche — with an FDA approval, a $4.3 billion buyout and a promising hemophilia program to boast — she’s ready to move on.

Roche confirmed her departure with Endpoints News and noted “she will take some well-deserved time off and then will begin a new chapter in a sabbatical at a university.”

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Tim Mayleben (file photo)

Es­pe­ri­on's goldilocks cho­les­terol fight­er wins FDA ap­proval — will its 'tra­di­tion­al' pric­ing ap­proach spur adop­tion?

It’s more effective than decades-old statins but not as good as the injectable PCSK9 — the goldilocks treatment for cholesterol-lowering, bempedoic acid, has secured FDA approval.

Its maker, Esperion Therapeutics, is betting that their pricing strategy — a planned list price of between $10 to $11 a day — will help it skirt the pushback the PCSK9 cholesterol fighters, Repatha and Praluent, got from payers for their high sticker prices.

The sky-high expectations for the pair of PCSK9 drugs that were first approved in 2015 quickly simmered — and despite a 60% price cut, coupled with data showing the therapies also significantly cut cardiovascular risk, sales have not really perked up.

Esperion is convinced that by virtue of being a cheaper oral therapy, bempedoic acid will hit that sweet spot in terms of adoption.

“We’re kind of like the old comfortable shoe,” Esperion’s chief commercial officer Mark Glickman remarked in an interview with Endpoints News ahead of the decision date. “It’s an oral product, once-daily and nontitratable — these are things that just resonate so true with patients and physicians and I think we’ve kind of forgotten about that.”

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James Collins, Broad Institute via Youtube

UP­DAT­ED: A space odyssey for new an­tibi­otics: MIT's ma­chine learn­ing ap­proach

Drug development is complex, expensive and comes with lousy odds of success — but in most cases, if you make it across the finish line brandishing a product with an edge (and play your cards right) it can be a lucrative endeavor.

As it stands, the antibiotic market is cursed — it harbors the stink of multiple bankruptcies, a dearth of innovation, and is consequently barely whetting the voracious appetites of big pharma or venture capitalists. Enter artificial intelligence — the biopharma industry’s cure-all for the pesky process of making a therapeutic, including data mining, drug discovery, optimal drug delivery, and addressable patient population.

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Gilead los­es two more patent chal­lenges on HIV pill, set­ting up court­room fight in Delaware

Gilead sustained two more losses in their efforts to rid themselves of an activist-backed patent lawsuit from the US government over a best-selling HIV pill.

Urged on by activists seeking to divert a portion of Gilead’s revenue to clinics and prevention programs, the Department of Health and Human Services made a claim to some of the patents for the best-selling HIV prevention drug, Truvada, also known as PrEP. Gilead responded by arguing in court that HHS’s patents were invalid.

Today, the US Patent and Trademark Office ruled that Gilead was likely to lose the last two of those challenges as well. The USPTO ruled against Gilead on the first two patents earlier this month.

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Tal Zaks (Moderna via YouTube)

For two decades, a new vac­cine tech­nol­o­gy has been slow­ly ap­proach­ing prime time. Now, can it stop a pan­dem­ic?

Two months before the outbreak, Moderna CMO Tal Zaks traveled from Cambridge, MA to Washington DC to meet with Anthony Fauci and the leaders of the National Institutes of Health.

For two years, Moderna had worked closely with NIH researchers to build a new kind of vaccine for MERS, one of the deadliest new viruses to emerge in the 21st century. The program was one test for a new technology designed to be faster, cheaper and more precise than the ways vaccines had been made for over a century. They had gathered evidence the technology could work in principle, and Fauci, the longtime head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and a longtime advocate for better epidemic preparedness, wanted to see if it, along with a couple of other approaches, could work in a worst-case scenario: A pandemic.

“[We were] trying to find a test case for how to demonstrate if our technology could rapidly prepare,” Zaks told Endpoints News.

Zaks and Fauci, of course, wouldn’t have to wait to develop a new test. By year’s end, an outbreak in China would short circuit the need for one and throw them into 24/7 work on a real-world emergency. They also weren’t the only ones with new technology who saw a chance to help in a crisis.

An ocean away, Lidia Oostvogels was still on vacation and relaxing at her mother’s house in Belgium when her Facebook started changing. It was days after Christmas and on most people’s feeds, the news that China had reported a novel virus to the World Health Organization blurred into the stream of holiday sweaters and fir trees. But on Oostvogels’s feed, full of vaccine researchers and virus experts, speculation boiled: There was a virus in China, something contained to the country, but “exotic,” “weird,” and maybe having to do with animals. Maybe a coronavirus.

Lidia Oostvogels

“I was immediately thinking like, ‘Hey, this is something that if needed, we can play a role,'” Oostvogels told Endpoints.

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Christos Kyratsous (via LinkedIn)

He built a MERS treat­ment in 6 months and then the best Ebo­la drug. Now Chris­tos Kyrat­sous turns his sights on Covid-19

TARRYTOWN, NY — In 2015, as the Ebola epidemic raged through swaths of West Africa, Kristen Pascal’s roommates sat her down on their couch and staged an intervention.

“Are you sure this is what you want to be doing with your life?” she recalls them asking her.

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Pascal, a research associate for Regeneron, had been coming home at 2 am and leaving at 6 am. At one point, she didn’t see her roommate for a week. For months, that was life in Christos Kyratsous’ lab as the pair led a company-wide race to develop the first drug that could effectively treat Ebola before the outbreak ended. For Pascal, that was worth it.

“I’m ok, I don’t have Ebola,” Pascal told them. “I see that death toll rising and I can’t not do something about it.”

Last August, Regeneron learned they had succeeded: In a large trial across West Africa, their drug, REGN-EB3, was vastly more effective than the standard treatments. It was surprise news for the company, coming just 10 months into a trial they thought would take several years and a major victory in the global fight against a deadly virus that killed over 2,000 in 2019 and can carry a mortality rate of up to 90%.

For Kyratsous and Pascal, though, it brought only fleeting reprieve. Just four months after the NIH informed them REGN-EB3 worked, Kyratsous was back in his office reading the New York Times for updates on a new outbreak on another continent, and wondering alongside Pascal and senior management whether it was time to pull the trigger again.

In late January, as the death toll swelled and the first confirmed cases outside China broke double digits, they made a decision. Soon they were back on the phone with the multiple government agencies and their coronavirus partners at the University of Maryland’s Level 3 bio lab. The question was simple: Can Kyratsous and his team use a process honed over two previous outbreaks, and create a treatment before the newest epidemic ends? Or worse, if, as world health experts fear, it doesn’t vanish but becomes a recurrent virus like the flu?

“Christos likes things immediately,” Matt Frieman, Regeneron’s coronavirus collaborator at the University of Maryland, told Endpoints. “That’s what makes us good collaborators: We push each other to develop things faster and faster.”

Kristen Pascal (Regeneron)

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The first time Regeneron tried to respond to a global outbreak, it was something of a systems test, Kyratsous explains from his office at Regeneron’s Tarrytown headquarters. Kyratsous, newly promoted, has crammed it with photos of his family, sketches of viral vectors and a shark he drew for his 3-year-old son. He speaks rapidly – an idiosyncrasy his press person says has only been aggravated this afternoon by the contents of his “Regeneron Infectious Diseases”-minted espresso glass – and he gesticulates with similar fluidity, tumbling through antibodies, MERS, the novel coronavirus, Ebola-infected monkeys.

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Jim Scholefield via PR Newswire

Mer­ck los­es its chief dig­i­tal of­fi­cer, spot­light­ing tal­ent hunt for the hottest ti­tle in Big Phar­ma

Over the last few years we’ve seen the chief digital officer title become one of the hottest commodities in Big Pharma as global organizations hunt the best talent to sharpen the cutting edge of their tech platforms.

But Merck just discovered how hard it may be to keep them focused on pharma.

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Bank­rupt an­tibi­otics mak­er Ar­a­digm turns to old part­ner/in­vestor for fi­nal $3M fire sale

Grifols once paid Aradigm $26 million for a stake in its inhaled antibiotics. But with Aradigm now in bankruptcy, the Spanish drugmaker is dishing out a final $3.2 million to buy it all.

The fire sale — which comes one year after Aradigm filed for Chapter 11 following a regulatory trifecta for disaster — will see Grifols obtain assets and IP to Apulmiq (formerly Pulmaquin and Linhaliq in Europe), Lipoquin and free ciprofloxacin. In addition to waiving its claims in the bankruptcy case, Grifols also agreed to milestone payments up to $3 million more upon any regulatory approvals.