No­var­tis isn’t mess­ing around with CAR-T, and it has a promis­ing next-gen ther­a­py to help prove it

The cen­ter ring at AS­CO this week­end will fea­ture CTL019, No­var­tis’ lead CAR-T that ap­pears to be head­ed to a land­mark ap­proval in a mat­ter of months. But the phar­ma gi­ant will al­so be putting the spot­light on a next-gen CAR-T ther­a­py — CTL119 — with a com­pelling glimpse at its promise of im­prov­ing reengi­neered cells’ per­sis­tence, amp­ing up their ther­a­peu­tic po­ten­tial.

This new mod­el CAR is made with a hu­man­ized CAR pro­tein with, pre­sum­ably, greater affin­i­ty to hu­man pro­teins than the mouse pro­teins used in the first wave of CARs built at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Penn­syl­va­nia.

In a small study to be re­viewed at AS­CO, in­ves­ti­ga­tors added the drug to Im­bru­vi­ca (ibru­ti­nib) among 9 pa­tients with treat­ment-re­sis­tant chron­ic lym­pho­cyt­ic leukemia that had not been beat­en in­to re­mis­sion. All 9 had been on ibru­ti­nib for at least six months pri­or to adding CD19-tar­get­ing CTL119 to their treat­ment reg­i­men.

Af­ter three months, 8 of 9 evalu­able pa­tients were free of any sign of can­cer in their bone mar­row. The 9th had a par­tial re­sponse.

The work at No­var­tis re­flects a com­mit­ment from all the lead play­ers that the first wave of CAR-Ts — in­clud­ing KTE-C19 (axi­cab­ta­gene ciloleu­cel) from Kite Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals — can be im­proved on with new tech­nol­o­gy. But it’s even more im­por­tant for No­var­tis, which is out to demon­strate that it is com­plete­ly com­mit­ted to de­vel­op­ing nov­el waves of CAR-Ts.

Jay Brad­ner, No­var­tis

No­var­tis made one of the biggest splash­es when it jumped in­to CAR-T — reengi­neer­ing pa­tients’ im­mune cells to at­tack can­cer cells — with Carl June and his col­leagues at Penn. And the Big Phar­ma play­er stunned the on­col­o­gy field last sum­mer when it abrupt­ly shred­ded a sep­a­rate cell and gene ther­a­py unit — lay­ing off more than 100 and rein­te­grat­ing the work back in­to the broad­er R&D or­ga­ni­za­tion. To many, in­clud­ing mem­bers of its own team, that move —fol­lowed by a re­cent de­fec­tion in the new team in charge of CAR-T — looked like a re­treat amid con­sid­er­able dis­ar­ray.

By fo­cus­ing on new con­structs and new deals, No­var­tis ex­ecs are sig­nal­ing that they plan to re­main a dom­i­nant play­er. And CTL119 is part of that case.

Said James Brad­ner, pres­i­dent of the No­var­tis In­sti­tutes for Bio­Med­ical Re­search:

CTL119 rep­re­sents one of our lat­est ad­vances in CAR-T cell ther­a­py re­search and our broad­er com­mit­ment to pi­o­neer­ing break­through im­muno-on­col­o­gy treat­ments.

The un­der­ly­ing mes­sage: No­var­tis is plan­ning to stay a leader long af­ter CTL019 makes drug his­to­ry.

It’s fi­nal­ly over: Bio­gen, Ei­sai scrap big Alzheimer’s PhI­I­Is af­ter a pre­dictable BACE cat­a­stro­phe rais­es safe­ty fears

Months after analysts and investors called on Biogen and Eisai to scrap their BACE drug for Alzheimer’s and move on in the wake of a string of late-stage failures and rising safety fears, the partners have called it quits. And they said they were dropping the drug — elenbecestat — after the independent monitoring board raised concerns about…safety.

We don’t know exactly what researchers found in this latest catastrophe, but the companies noted in their release that investigators had determined that the drug was flunking the risk/benefit analysis.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 59,700+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Lisa M. DeAngelis, MSKCC

MSK picks brain can­cer ex­pert Lisa DeAn­ge­lis as its next CMO — fol­low­ing José Basel­ga’s con­tro­ver­sial ex­it

It’s official. Memorial Sloan Kettering has picked a brain cancer expert as its new physician-in-chief and CMO, replacing José Baselga, who left under a cloud after being singled out by The New York Times and ProPublica for failing to properly air his lucrative industry ties.

His replacement, who now will be in charge of MSK’s cutting-edge research work as well as the cancer care delivered by hundreds of practitioners, is Lisa M. DeAngelis. DeAngelis had been chair of the neurology department and co-founder of MSK’s brain tumor center and was moved in to the acting CMO role in the wake of Baselga’s departure.

Penn team adapts CAR-T tech, reengi­neer­ing mouse cells to treat car­diac fi­bro­sis

After establishing itself as one of the pioneer research centers in the world for CAR-T cancer therapies, creating new attack vehicles to eradicate cancer cells, a team at Penn Medicine has begun the tricky transition of using the basic technology for heart repair work.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 59,700+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Tal Zaks. Moderna

The mR­NA uni­corn Mod­er­na has more ear­ly-stage hu­man da­ta it wants to show off — reach­ing new peaks in prov­ing the po­ten­tial

The whole messenger RNA field has attracted billions of dollars in public and private investor cash gambled on the prospect of getting in on the ground floor. And this morning Boston-based Moderna, one of the leaders in the field, wants to show off a few more of the cards it has to play to prove to you that they’re really in the game.

The whole hand, of course, has yet to be dealt. And there’s no telling who gets to walk with a share of the pot. But any cards on display at this point — especially after being accused of keeping its deck under lock and key — will attract plenty of attention from some very wary, and wired, observers.

“In terms of the complexity and unmet need,” says Tal Zaks, the chief medical officer, “this is peak for what we’ve accomplished.”

Moderna has two Phase I studies it wants to talk about now.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 59,700+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

It's not per­fect, but it's a good start: FDA pan­elists large­ly en­dorse Aim­mune's peanut al­ler­gy ther­a­py

Two days after a fairly benign review from FDA staff, an independent panel of experts largely endorsed the efficacy and safety of Aimmune’s peanut allergy therapy, laying the groundwork for approval with a risk evaluation and mitigation strategy (REMS).

Traditionally, peanut allergies are managed by avoidance, but the threat of accidental exposure cannot be nullified. Some allergists have devised a way to dose patients off-label with peanut protein derived from supermarket products to wean them off their allergies. But the idea behind Aimmune’s product was to standardize the peanut protein, and track the process of desensitization — so when accidental exposure in the real world invariably occurs, patients are less likely to experience a life-threatening allergic reaction.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 59,700+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Rit­ter bombs fi­nal PhI­II for sole lac­tose in­tol­er­ance drug — shares plum­met

More than two years ago Ritter Pharmaceuticals managed to find enough silver lining in its Phase IIb/III study — after missing the top-line mark — to propel its lactose intolerance toward a confirmatory trial. But as it turned out, the enthusiasm only set the biotech and its investors up to be sorely disappointed.

This time around there’s little left to salvage. Not only did RP-G28 fail to beat placebo in reducing lactose intolerance symptoms, patients in the treatment group actually averaged a smaller improvement. On a composite score measuring symptoms like abdominal pain, cramping, bloating and gas, patients given the drug had a mean reduction of 3.159 while the placebo cohort saw a 3.420 drop on average (one-sided p-value = 0.0106).

Ear­ly snap­shot of Ad­verum's eye gene ther­a­py sparks con­cern about vi­sion loss

An early-stage update on Adverum Biotechnologies’ intravitreal gene therapy has triggered investor concern, after patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) saw their vision deteriorate, despite signs that the treatment is improving retinal anatomy.

Adverum, on Wednesday, unveiled 24-week data from the OPTIC trial of its experimental therapy, ADVM-022, in six patients who have been administered with one dose of the therapy. On average, patients in the trial had severe disease with an average of 6.2 anti-VEGF injections in the eight months prior to screening and an average annualized injection frequency of 9.3 injections.

Alex Ar­faei trades his an­a­lyst's post for a new role as biotech VC; Sanofi vet heads to Vi­for

Too often, Alex Arfaei arrived too late. 

An analyst at BMO Capital Markets, he’d meet with biotech or pharmaceutical heads for their IPO or secondary funding and his brain, trained on a biology degree and six years at Merck and Endo, would spring with questions: Why this biomarker? Why this design? Why not this endpoint? Not that he could do anything about it. These execs were coming for clinical money; their decisions had been made and finalized long ago.

Arde­lyx bags its first FDA OK for IBS, set­ting up a show­down with Al­ler­gan, Iron­wood

In the first of what it hopes will be a couple of major regulatory milestones for its new drug, Ardelyx has bagged an FDA approval to market Ibsrela (tenapanor) for irritable bowel syndrome.

The drug’s first application will be for IBS with constipation (IBS-C), inhibiting sodium-hydrogen exchanger NHE3 in the GI tract in such a way as to increase bowel movements and decrease abdominal pain. This comes on the heels of two successful Phase III trials.