Seat­tle Ge­net­ics/Astel­las win pri­or­i­ty US re­view for armed an­ti­body aimed at blad­der can­cer

Seat­tle Ge­net­ics has se­cured a speedy re­view of its sec­ond armed an­ti­body, cour­tesy of the FDA.

The com­pa­ny’s ‘break­through’ Astel­las-part­nered drug — en­for­tum­ab ve­dotin — has pro­cured pri­or­i­ty re­view from the US reg­u­la­tor, af­ter da­ta showed it helped pa­tients with a stub­born type of blad­der can­cer.

The drug-in­duced a 44% ob­jec­tive re­sponse rate (ORR) in 128 pa­tients whose dis­ease had pro­gressed de­spite treat­ment with both plat­inum-con­tain­ing chemother­a­py and a check­point in­hibitor in the one-arm EV-201 study. About 12% of the pa­tients ex­pe­ri­enced a com­plete re­sponse, Seat­tle Ge­net­ics dis­closed at AS­CO this June.

A mar­ket­ing ap­pli­ca­tion for the drug has al­ready been sub­mit­ted — and a late-stage tri­al de­signed to con­firm the drug’s safe­ty and ef­fi­ca­cy in this pa­tient pop­u­la­tion is on­go­ing.

The FDA is ex­pect­ed to make its de­ci­sion on the drug by March 15, the com­pa­ny said on Mon­day. In a note pub­lished in Ju­ly, Stifel an­a­lysts es­ti­mat­ed that en­for­tum­ab ve­dotin will gen­er­ate North Amer­i­ca sales of about $367 mil­lion in 2024.

Clay Sie­gall Seat­tle Ge­net­ics

The part­ners are test­ing the drug in com­bi­na­tion with Mer­ck’s $MRK Keytru­da and with chemother­a­py, and as part of a triplet com­bo. The idea is to al­so push for ap­proval in the front­line set­ting and gen­er­ate block­buster sales, Seat­tle Ge­net­ics’ chief Clay Sie­gall told End­points News at AS­CO.

AD­Cs are a class of ther­a­peu­tics in which a can­cer-killing tox­in is at­tached to a spe­cif­ic an­ti­body us­ing a biodegrad­able link­er. De­signed to min­i­mize the ef­fects of the chemother­a­py on healthy cells while max­i­miz­ing tu­mor cell death, the tech­nol­o­gy is some­times likened to a tro­jan horse as it is en­gi­neered to go un­no­ticed, de­liv­er­ing chemother­a­pies to cells ex­press­ing the anti­gen tar­get. Seat­tle Ge­net­ics $SGEN al­ready has one ADC on the mar­ket, Ad­cetris, and a slate of oth­ers in de­vel­op­ment.

En­for­tum­ab ve­dotin (EV) tar­gets Nectin-4, a cell ad­he­sion mol­e­cule seen in a range of sol­id tu­mors.

Urothe­lial can­cer is the most com­mon type of blad­der can­cer. About 80,470 new cas­es of blad­der can­cer are ex­pect­ed to be di­ag­nosed this year, and it is an­tic­i­pat­ed that 17,670 blad­der can­cer deaths will oc­cur in 2019, ac­cord­ing to Amer­i­can Can­cer So­ci­ety es­ti­mates. Da­ta sug­gest most pa­tients do not re­spond to check­point in­hibitors af­ter a plat­inum-con­tain­ing ther­a­py has failed as an ini­tial treat­ment for ad­vanced dis­ease, and there are no oth­er ap­proved op­tions for pa­tients once these two lines of treat­ment have been ex­haust­ed.

So­cial im­age: Clay Sie­gall, Life Sci­ence Wash­ing­ton via YouTube

ZS Per­spec­tive: 3 Pre­dic­tions on the Fu­ture of Cell & Gene Ther­a­pies

The field of cell and gene therapies (C&GTs) has seen a renaissance, with first generation commercial therapies such as Kymriah, Yescarta, and Luxturna laying the groundwork for an incoming wave of potentially transformative C&GTs that aim to address diverse disease areas. With this renaissance comes several potential opportunities, of which we discuss three predictions below.

Allogenic Natural Killer (NK) Cells have the potential to displace current Cell Therapies in oncology if proven durable.

Despite being early in development, Allogenic NKs are proving to be an attractive new treatment paradigm in oncology. The question of durability of response with allogenic therapies is still an unknown. Fate Therapeutics’ recent phase 1 data for FT516 showed relatively quicker relapses vs already approved autologous CAR-Ts. However, other manufacturers, like Allogene for their allogenic CAR-T therapy ALLO-501A, are exploring novel lymphodepletion approaches to improve persistence of allogenic cells. Nevertheless, allogenic NKs demonstrate a strong value proposition relative to their T cell counterparts due to comparable response rates (so far) combined with the added advantage of a significantly safer AE profile. Specifically, little to no risk of graft versus host disease (GvHD), cytotoxic release syndrome (CRS), and neurotoxicity (NT) have been seen so far with allogenic NK cells (Fig. 1). In addition, being able to harness an allogenic cell source gives way to operational advantages as “off-the-shelf” products provide improved turnaround time (TAT), scalability, and potentially reduced cost. NKs are currently in development for a variety of overlapping hematological indications with chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-Ts) today, and the question remains to what extent they will disrupt the current cell therapy landscape. Click for more details.

What lured Hal Bar­ron away?; Top FDA minds on ac­cel­er­at­ed ap­proval re­forms; ‘Dead wrong’ Aduhelm ad blitz; and more

Welcome back to Endpoints Weekly, your review of the week’s top biopharma headlines. Want this in your inbox every Saturday morning? Current Endpoints readers can visit their reader profile to add Endpoints Weekly. New to Endpoints? Sign up here.

Nothing can really compete with Hal Barron’s departure from GlaxoSmithKline as the news of the week, but we do have plenty of original reporting and analysis from the Endpoints team in this edition. Enjoy and have a nice weekend.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 129,500+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Dan O'Day, Gilead CEO (Jim Watson/AFP via Getty Images)

Fail­ing to con­firm clin­i­cal ben­e­fit, Gilead pulls 2 ac­cel­er­at­ed ap­proval in­di­ca­tions for can­cer drug

Gilead recently decided to pull two indications for its cancer drug Zydelig — in relapsed follicular B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (FL) and relapsed small lymphocytic leukemia (SLL) — after failing to complete the confirmatory trials required as part of the accelerated approvals from 2014.

“As the treatment landscape for FL and SLL has evolved, enrollment into the confirmatory study has been an ongoing challenge,” Gilead said in a statement, noting it formally notified the FDA of its decision to voluntarily withdraw these indications.

Executive Director of the EMA Emer Cooke (AP Photo/Geert Vanden Wijngaert)

Eu­ro­pean Par­lia­ment signs off on strength­en­ing drug reg­u­la­tor's abil­i­ty to tack­le short­ages

The European Parliament on Thursday endorsed a plan to increase the powers of the European Medicines Agency, which will be better equipped to monitor and mitigate shortages of drugs and medical devices.

By a vote of 655 to 31, parliament signed off on a provisional agreement reached with the European Council from last October, in which the EMA will create two shortage steering groups (one for drugs, the other for devices), a new European Shortages Monitoring Platform to facilitate data collection and increase transparency, and on funding for the work of the steering groups, task force, working parties and expert panels that are to be established.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 129,500+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

FDA+ roundup: FDA's neu­ro­science deputy de­parts amid on­go­ing Aduhelm in­ves­ti­ga­tions; Califf on the ropes?

Amid increased scrutiny into the close ties between FDA and Biogen prior to the controversial accelerated approval of Aduhelm, the deputy director of the FDA’s office of neuroscience has called it quits after more than two decades at the agency.

Eric Bastings will now take over as VP of development strategy at Ionis Pharmaceuticals, the company said Wednesday, where he will provide senior clinical and regulatory leadership in support of Ionis’ pipeline.

Endpoints Premium

Premium subscription required

Unlock this article along with other benefits by subscribing to one of our paid plans.

Richard Pazdur (via AACR)

Time lim­its on ac­cel­er­at­ed ap­provals? FDA's on­col­o­gy chief Rick Paz­dur eyes po­ten­tial re­forms via in­ter­na­tion­al ap­proach­es

The spotlight on the accelerated approval pathway continues to shine bright, with the FDA’s top oncology official writing in an opinion that the pathway may be strengthened with bits and pieces of what other regulators in Europe and elsewhere have done with their expedited approval pathways, such as adding expiration dates for these faster approvals to ensure they confirm clinical benefit in a timely manner.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 129,500+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Mer­ck wins le­gal bat­tle over in­sur­ance cov­er­age af­ter ran­somware at­tack

Merck has emerged victorious from a years-long legal battle with insurers over the coverage of more than a billion dollars in losses from the malware NotPetya, with a New Jersey Superior Court judge concluding that the responsibility is on insurers to clarify their policies around cyber attacks.

The pharma giant was one of several victims of a global cyber attack back in 2017 that also hit Danish shipping company Maersk, American food company Mondelēz, French construction giant Saint-Gobain and even the systems monitoring the Chernobyl nuclear power stations, Bloomberg reported back in 2019.

Endpoints News

Keep reading Endpoints with a free subscription

Unlock this story instantly and join 129,500+ biopharma pros reading Endpoints daily — and it's free.

Flori­da man con­vict­ed of fal­si­fy­ing clin­i­cal tri­al re­sults sen­tenced to over 2 years in prison

A Florida man who falsified medical records in connection to clinical trials was sentenced to 30 months in prison in federal court Thursday.

Daniel Tejeda, 35, of Clewiston, was also ordered to pay $2.1 million in restitution. Tejeda was a project manager and study manager for the CRO Tellus Clinical Research, and made it appear that subjects were participating in trials when they weren’t. Two other research workers from Florida were sentenced in the same case in August for 46 and 30 months, respectively.

Troy Wilson, Kura Oncology CEO

FDA lifts par­tial hold on Ku­ra's Phase Ib AML pro­gram as biotech re­dou­bles mit­i­ga­tion ef­forts

Kura Oncology is clear to resume studies for its early-stage leukemia program after the FDA lifted a clinical hold Thursday afternoon.

Regulators had placed the hold on a Phase Ib study of KO-539, an experimental oral treatment for some genetic subsets of acute myeloid leukemia last November after a patient died while taking the drug. Kura expects to begin enrolling patients again imminently, CEO Troy Wilson told Endpoints News.