SutroVax lands an­oth­er $100M+ in up­start quest against Pfiz­er’s block­buster Pre­vnar 13

For the last half-decade, in a fa­cil­i­ty just south of South San Fran­cis­co, the spin­off of a small Stan­ford spin­out has been qui­et­ly gun­ning for Pfiz­er and the world’s most lu­cra­tive vac­cine mar­ket. Now, they say they’re ready (al­most).

SutroVax an­nounced a $110 mil­lion Se­ries D fi­nanc­ing that will help take the com­pa­ny and its ri­val to Pfiz­er’s block­buster pneu­mo­coc­cal vac­cine Pre­vnar 13 in­to the clin­ic, al­though not un­til 2021. Hav­ing slow­ly amassed a long list of A-list in­vestors since their J&J-backed 2013 launch, the biotech added RA Cap­i­tal Man­age­ment and Janus Hen­der­son In­vestors this round to go along with all their in­sti­tu­tion­al back­ers.

Pre­vnar 13, first ap­proved in 2011, has be­come a $6 bil­lion-per-year vac­cine and tak­en on in­creased rel­e­vance since the start of the pan­dem­ic, po­ten­tial­ly help­ing guard against the pneu­mo­nia Covid-19 can in­duce.

Grant Pick­er­ing

“Giv­en how mas­sive the pneu­mo­coc­cal mar­ket is, it’s hard to imag­ine any­thing be­ing as at­trac­tive from a rev­enue per­spec­tive,” SutroVax founder and CEO Grant Pick­er­ing told End­points News. “We cer­tain­ly feel like we made the right first choice, but the good news is we think there are some oth­er ap­pli­ca­tions we think will al­so be very im­por­tant.”

The tech­nol­o­gy at the base of the com­pa­ny is the plat­form of Mer­ck-part­nered can­cer biotech Sutro Bio­phar­ma, al­though the lat­est fund­ing round means SutroVax has raised more cash — near­ly $300 mil­lion — in 7 years than its par­ent has in 17 years. Sutro had fig­ured out a way to de­sign and man­u­fac­ture pro­teins with­out us­ing liv­ing cells, as bi­ol­o­gists have for decades. They used to build an­ti­body-drug con­ju­gates and re­cent­ly brought mul­ti­ple in­to the clin­ic. They re­al­ized, though, that it could al­so be im­por­tant for build­ing vac­cines, a field whose po­ten­tial had long been lim­it­ed by how pre­cise­ly you could de­sign a pro­tein.

“It pro­vid­ed an op­por­tu­ni­ty to take ad­van­tage of this plat­form that had al­ready been quote-un-quote ‘in­dus­tri­al­ized,’” Pick­er­ing said. “They had al­ready scaled it up.”

Ear­ly on, they set out on pneu­mo­coc­cal vac­cines. It had three dis­tinct ad­van­tages: The mar­ket was huge; be­cause it in­volved not on­ly build­ing a pro­tein but ty­ing that pro­tein to a sug­ar, it was a poor tar­get for oth­er new vac­cine tech­nolo­gies, such as mR­NA; and re­searchers had long want­ed to add new strains of bac­te­ria to the vac­cine but have been lim­it­ed by con­ven­tion­al ap­proach­es.

Pfiz­er’s pneu­mo­coc­cal vac­cine is a con­ju­gate — a blend of pro­phy­lac­tics against dif­fer­ent strains — that guards against 13 of the 30 pneu­mo­coc­cal bac­te­ria strains that cause dis­ease in hu­mans, Pick­er­ing said. But its suc­cess against those strains has opened a win­dow for the oth­er 17 to prop­a­gate and cause in­fec­tion. They now ac­count for the ma­jor­i­ty of cas­es of pneu­mo­nia.

Pfiz­er and oth­er com­pa­nies are ac­tive­ly try­ing to add new strains to the mix. Pick­er­ing, though, said those com­pa­nies have strug­gled be­cause con­ju­gate vac­cines re­ly on a form of diph­the­ria tox­in to ac­ti­vate the im­mune sys­tem. The more bac­te­ria you try to guard against, the more diph­the­ria you need and, para­dox­i­cal­ly, that diph­the­ria be­gins to ba­si­cal­ly com­pete for im­mune cells and pre­vents the body from build­ing an­ti­bod­ies to the bac­te­ria.

”It’s rob­bing the mem­o­ry cells from be­ing able to be there for the [bac­te­ria pro­teins],” Pick­er­ing said. “It’s called car­ri­er sup­pres­sion.”

Pick­er­ing said SutroVax’s plat­form en­ables them to de­sign pro­teins in a unique way to avoid this prob­lem. They grow E. Coli and then es­sen­tial­ly suck out the cel­lu­lar ma­chin­ery from them. Sep­a­rat­ed from the bac­te­ria, that ma­chin­ery can then be fed with non-na­tive amino acids and in­duced to build pro­teins an E.Coli nev­er could. SutroVax de­signs these pro­teins in such a way that the vac­cine re­quires less diph­the­ria and in pre­clin­i­cal stud­ies, they said, it guard­ed against 24 strains with­out low­er­ing the over­all im­mune re­sponse.

They’ll have a high bar to clear, though. Pfiz­er just hit its mark in a late-stage tri­al of its own suc­ces­sor vac­cine, guard­ing against 19 dif­fer­ent strains out of a goal of 20. Mer­ck is al­so in Phase III on a vac­cine against 15 strains.

Pick­er­ing said their time­lines have yet to be af­fect­ed by Covid-19, al­though they have in­sti­tut­ed shift work in their lab.

Tillman Gerngross, Adagio Therapeutics CEO

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Tal Zaks, Moderna CMO (Moderna via YouTube)

UP­DAT­ED: NI­AID and Mod­er­na spell out a 'ro­bust' im­mune re­sponse in PhI coro­n­avirus vac­cine test — but big ques­tions re­main to be an­swered

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Trans­port Sim­u­la­tion Test­ing for Your Ther­a­py is the Best Way to As­sure FDA Ex­pe­dit­ed Pro­gram Ap­proval

Modality Solutions is an ISO:9001-registered biopharmaceutical cold chain engineering firm with unique transport simulation capabilities that support accelerated regulatory approval for biologics and advanced therapeutic medicinal products (ATMP). Our expertise combines traditional validation engineering approaches with regulatory knowledge into a methodology tailored for the life sciences industry. We provide insight and execution for the challenges faced in your cold chain logistics network.

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A neu­ro­sur­geon spent the past 30 years de­vel­op­ing a neoanti­gen tu­mor vac­cine. Now he has $112M for a piv­otal test

As a neurosurgeon, David Andrews knew there wasn’t much he could do for his glioma patients after resecting — rarely fully — their tumor. Even with the best treatment and care available, median overall survival is just somewhere between 14 and 16 months.

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