The 10 most pop­u­lar re­ports in End­points News — so far

A lit­tle more than 5 months ago, Ar­salan Arif and I launched the main edi­tion of End­points News. We hit the ground run­ning and gun­ning for a dai­ly in­dus­try re­port that would pro­vide some re­al in­sights on the deals, da­ta and dra­ma flow­ing around the bio­phar­ma world every day.

We’re all about the lat­est news in con­text, guid­ed by 13+ years of dai­ly cov­er­age. And we re­cent­ly passed is­sue #100, with about a quar­ter mil­lion words of search­able con­tent.

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We’re us­ing the Thanks­giv­ing break to high­light what you, our read­ers, have vot­ed as the most pop­u­lar con­tent we’ve put up in that time. The top 10 links, ranked by web traf­fic, starts with a scoop and ends with two sto­ries about back-to-back dis­as­ters that oc­curred ear­li­er this week and im­me­di­ate­ly went se­mi-vi­ral.

So with­out more ado, here’s the most clicked sto­ries of 2016, so far.

1. Scoop: No­var­tis dis­bands its pi­o­neer­ing cell and gene ther­a­py unit

We got a tip ear­ly on Au­gust 31 that No­var­tis was dis­solv­ing its 400-per­son cell and stem cell unit and lay­ing off a bunch of the staffers. When I first heard it, I thought it had to be wrong. Why now? Just as the first cell ther­a­pies in CAR-T were head­ing for reg­u­la­tors? And with com­pe­ti­tion breath­ing down its neck? It didn’t make any sense. The com­pa­ny, though, con­firmed the sto­ry, and our news break trig­gered a seis­mic re­ac­tion in the in­dus­try, which al­so wasn’t ex­pect­ing it. The moral of this sto­ry is that we are all ears. If you send us a good tip, we’ll check it out. (You can se­cure­ly send us things us­ing PGP.)

This is one of sev­er­al big changes we’ve tracked at No­var­tis in re­cent months. Al­so among our top sto­ries: No­var­tis un­veils a new glob­al R&D struc­ture, cre­at­ing cen­ters in Cam­bridge, MA and Basel. And there was this: No­var­tis’ re­treat on CAR-T in­cludes ax­ing most of its se­nior ex­ecs on the team.

 

2. Where the mon­ey is: The top 100(+) VCs in­vest­ing in the US

There are few in­dus­tries where da­ta is more high­ly re­gard­ed than in biotech. So it’s no sur­prise that a de­tailed list of the top VC out­fits op­er­at­ing in the US — ranked by the num­bers — was a hit just as we start­ed the new on­line news source. And it con­tin­ues to at­tract a steady stream of traf­fic from an in­dus­try which is fu­eled by bil­lions in ven­ture cash each year. Cal­i­for­nia, with a big Bay Area clus­ter and a siz­able hub in San Diego, clear­ly at­tract­ed most of the cash. And Boston/Cam­bridge is clear­ly the sec­ond big US hub. Keep an eye on this site: We’ll be back in 2017 with more de­tailed num­bers.

 

3. The 15 top R&D spenders in the glob­al bio­phar­ma busi­ness

More num­bers, this time break­ing our the top 15 re­search spenders in the in­dus­try. This is the life blood of in­no­va­tion, as we know it. And the con­tin­ued in­vest­ment in R&D is at the heart of the grow­ing de­bate over drug pric­ing in Amer­i­ca. The top 15 spenders ac­count for the li­on’s share of re­search spend­ing in bio­phar­ma, and I’ve been fol­low­ing the chang­ing struc­tures and strate­gies be­hind each of these com­pa­nies for more than a decade. Each year we see more R&D group over­hauls, but un­der­ly­ing every­thing has been a big com­mit­ment to seek­ing out and part­ner­ing with ex­ter­nal col­lab­o­ra­tors. That’s been re­ward­ed with mixed re­sults.

 

4. Top 10 pipeline blowups, set­backs and sna­fus in H1 2016

It’s al­ways a bit of a strug­gle to come up with my lat­est set of top pipeline blowups. Not be­cause they’re rare. Quite the op­po­site. Lim­it­ing my­self to 10 can be dif­fi­cult. At the top of this first list for End­points is Clo­vis, which has nev­er ful­ly ex­plained the mys­te­ri­ous switch-up in the da­ta it pre­sent­ed on rocile­tinib. The com­pa­ny stopped re­spond­ing to my queries months ago as it hun­kered down to weath­er a tsuna­mi of law­suits and a fed­er­al in­ves­ti­ga­tion. Mean­while, it’s been fo­cused on its PARP in­hibitor ru­ca­parib, which looks to be squar­ing off against some tough com­pe­ti­tion. Some of the top 10 are the un­for­tu­nate con­se­quence of a sim­ple bi­o­log­ic mis­take. Some are cau­tion­ary tales that of­fer a glimpse of how not to go about drug de­vel­op­ment. Some­times, that can be hard to dis­tin­guish. But it’s al­ways in­ter­est­ing.

 

5. Mer­ck trig­gers a new round of lay­offs in R&D re­or­ga­ni­za­tion, push­ing more jobs in­to Cam­bridge, San Fran­cis­co

One of the biggest sin­gle trends over the past few years has been the mi­gra­tion of bio­phar­ma R&D in­to the big hubs. And Mer­ck demon­strat­ed its com­mit­ment to that hub strat­e­gy back in Ju­ly as it set off a new round of lay­offs while mov­ing more of its re­search op­er­a­tions in­to Boston and the Bay Area, the two gi­ant clus­ters in the US. In just the last few months we’ve seen new over­hauls — both big and small — at No­var­tis, As­traZeneca, Pfiz­er and Glax­o­SmithK­line as well, con­tin­u­ing a years-long process. It may nev­er end. Con­stant change is the rule in R&D, whether you push it or it push­es you.

 

6.  Two more pa­tients die as Juno’s lead CAR-T turns lethal again; tri­al halt­ed

This is not your typ­i­cal pipeline cat­a­stro­phe. Juno al­ready ex­pe­ri­enced an ex­tra­or­di­nar­i­ly short clin­i­cal hold for its lead CAR-T back in the sum­mer, fol­low­ing the deaths of 4 pa­tients in two stud­ies. At the time, they man­aged to con­vince the FDA that they were quite cer­tain that drop­ping one of the drugs used to con­di­tion pa­tients would solve that nasty neu­ro­tox­i­c­i­ty is­sue. The FDA agreed in a mat­ter of days, and now two more pa­tients have been killed. I sus­pect that Juno’s next move will be to drop JCAR015 and in­stant­ly shift fo­cus to JCAR017, their next top pipeline hope­ful. But we need a much, much bet­ter ac­count­ing of what hap­pened here, from the com­pa­ny as well as the FDA. A call with an­a­lysts by the com­pa­ny and a long-wind­ed ‘no com­ment’ from the FDA isn’t go­ing to cut it.

 

7. Don­ald Trump sends a vague­ly word­ed love let­ter to bio­phar­ma as stock ral­ly con­tin­ues

I’ll ad­mit that we don’t have a whole lot of de­tailed in­sight in­to what Don­ald Trump is think­ing about when it comes to bio­phar­ma. Maybe that’s one rea­son why this sto­ry about his en­thu­si­as­tic, though com­plete­ly un­ex­plained, po­si­tion sup­port­ing a re­formed FDA and faster drug ap­provals at­tract­ed so much at­ten­tion. We want to know what he’s think­ing, but for now we’ll have to set­tle for what we can get. Based on sev­er­al sur­veys we did dur­ing the cam­paign, it’s clear that the big ma­jor­i­ty of ex­ecs in the in­dus­try were op­posed to a Trump pres­i­den­cy. But a stock ral­ly af­ter the elec­tion and an up­beat at­ti­tude about a sup­port­ive pol­i­cy — with­out any new hints about Medicare ne­go­ti­a­tions on drug prices or reim­por­ta­tion — has start­ed to turn the tide in his fa­vor. Bio­phar­ma may nev­er love Trump, but the in­dus­try is start­ing to like what lit­tle it’s seen so far.

 

8. Al­ny­lam shares crater af­ter tri­al deaths force in­ves­ti­ga­tors to scrap PhI­II RNAi drug

Any­time a promi­nent com­pa­ny gets hit with an un­ex­pect­ed dis­as­ter, like this one at Al­ny­lam, it tends to raise big­ger ques­tions. Did the fail­ure of one drug have im­pli­ca­tions for the pipeline? How about ri­vals? How did it get this far? Al­ny­lam tried might­i­ly to put the col­lapse of its late-stage ef­fort in­to a more com­fort­ing con­text, but the de­ci­sion to halt the pro­gram clear­ly rat­tled in­vestors. Now any new hint of trou­ble is like­ly to get the spot­light of care­ful at­ten­tion, along with a bliz­zard of mixed com­ments on Twit­ter.

 

9. It’s over: Eli Lil­ly shares tank af­ter its huge gam­ble on Alzheimer’s drug solanezum­ab ends in fail­ure

Give Eli Lil­ly points for try­ing. But be sure to deduct a few for re­fus­ing to ad­mit de­feat. When you run a huge Phase III study and your drug flops, maybe it’s time to walk away. For Eli Lil­ly, though, there was enough clin­i­cal ev­i­dence of suc­cess to war­rant an­oth­er mon­u­men­tal­ly ex­pen­sive ef­fort. CEO John Lech­leit­er has al­ready timed his de­par­ture, so you can’t say he re­signed over this mess. But this is one black eye that will cause more ex­ecs to be more care­ful about how they spend their in­vestors’ mon­ey. So­la at best may have turned in­to a weak but mar­ketable drug. Its loss shouldn’t be mourned. We’re bet­ter off look­ing at bet­ter al­ter­na­tives in the pipeline. And maybe now com­pa­nies will stop tout­ing their prospects to the press. Pa­tients don’t need to be giv­en false hope. This is a ter­ri­ble, tough dis­ease. And for the past decade, all in­ves­ti­ga­tors have ex­pe­ri­enced when it comes to ac­tu­al­ly slow­ing this dis­ease is de­feat.

 

10. Clin­ton cam­paign staff: “We have start­ed the war with phar­ma!!”

Cred­it where it’s due. End­points News‘ Shehla Shakoor re­al­ly got in­to search­ing the Wik­iLeaks col­lec­tion of emails from the Clin­ton cam­paign, and she found a re­al eye-open­er in this one. It turns out that Clin­ton’s care­ful­ly aimed barb at Mar­tin Shkre­li was part of a care­ful­ly cal­i­brat­ed plan to spot­light her pledge to rein in drug prices and bad ac­tors like Shkre­li. And se­nior staffers were ready to do a high-five as the mar­kets made quite a to-do over the Twit­ter af­fair. In­ter­est­ing­ly, ab­solute­ly noth­ing came out of the hub­bub. No one reined in Tur­ing or its big price hike. Shkre­li was in­dict­ed on un­re­lat­ed charges and Clin­ton lost. But the po­lit­i­cal war with phar­ma goes on.


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Aerial view of Genentech's campus in South San Francisco [Credit: Getty]

Genen­tech sub­mits a big plan to ex­pand its South San Fran­cis­co foot­print

The sign is still there, a quaint reminder of whitewashed concrete not 5 miles from Genentech’s sprawling, chrome-and-glass campus: South Francisco The Industrial City. 

The city keeps the old sign, first erected in 1923, as a tourist site and a kind of civic memento to the days it packed meat, milled lumber and burned enough steel to earn the moniker “Smokestack of the Peninsula.” But the real indication of where you are and how much has changed both in San Francisco and in the global economy since a couple researchers and investors rented out an empty warehouse 40 years ago comes in a far smaller blue sign, resembling a Rotary Club post, off the highway: South San Francisco, The Birthplace of Biotech.

Here comes the oral GLP-1 drug for di­a­betes — but No­vo Nordisk is­n't dis­clos­ing Ry­bel­sus price just yet

Novo Nordisk’s priority review voucher on oral semaglutide has paid off. The FDA approval for the GLP-1 drug hit late Friday morning, around six months after the NDA filing.

Rybelsus will be the first GLP-1 pill to enter the type 2 diabetes market — a compelling offering that analysts have pegged as a blockbuster drug with sales estimates ranging from $2 billion to $5 billion.

Ozempic, the once-weekly injectable formulation of semaglutide, brought in around $552 million (DKK 3.75 billion) in the first half of 2019.

As Nas­daq en­rolls the fi­nal batch of 2019 IPOs, how have the num­bers com­pared to past years?

IGM Biosciences’ upsized IPO haul, coming after SpringWorks’ sizable public debut, has revved up some momentum for the last rush of biotech IPOs in 2019.

With 39 new listings on the books and roughly two more months to go before winding down, Nasdaq’s head of healthcare listings Jordan Saxe sees the exchange marking 50 to 60 biopharma IPOs for the year.

“December 15 is usually the last possible day that companies will price,” he said, as companies get ready for business talks at the annual JP Morgan Healthcare Conference in January.

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Oxitec biologist releases genetically modified mosquitoes in Piracicaba, Brazil in 2016 [credit: Getty Images]

In­trex­on unit push­es back against claims its GM mos­qui­toes are mak­ing dis­ease-friend­ly mu­tants

When the hysteria of Zika transmission sprang into the American zeitgeist a few years ago, UK-based Oxitec was already field-testing its male Aedes aegypti mosquito, crafted to possess a gene engineered to obliterate its progeny long before maturation.

But when a group of independent scientists evaluated the impact of the release of these genetically-modified mosquitoes in a trial conducted by Oxitec in Brazil between 2013 and 2015, they found that some of the offspring had managed to survive — prompting them to speculate what impact the survivors could have on disease transmission and/or insecticide resistance.

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[via AP Images]

Pur­due threat­ens to walk away from set­tle­ment, asks to pay em­ploy­ees mil­lions in bonus­es

There are two updates on the lawsuit against Purdue Pharma over its role in fueling the opioid epidemic, as the Sackler family threatens to walk away from their pledge to pay out $3 billion if a bankruptcy judge does not stop outstanding state lawsuits against them. At the same time, the company has asked permission to pay millions in bonuses to select employees.

Purdue filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy this week as part of its signed resolution to over 2,000 lawsuits. The deal would see the Sackler family that owns Purdue give $3 billion from their personal wealth and the company turned into a trust committed to curbing and reversing overdoses.

David Grainger [file photo]

'Dis­con­nect the bas­tard­s' — one biotech's plan to break can­cer cell­s' uni­fied de­fens­es

Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are the current gladiators of cancer treatment, but they come with well-known limitations and side-effects. The emergence of immunotherapy — a ferocious new titan in oncologist’s toolbox — takes the brakes off the immune system to kill cancer cells with remarkable success in some cases, but the approach is not always effective. What makes certain forms of cancer so resilient? Scientists may have finally pieced together a tantalizing piece of the puzzle, and a new biotech is banking on a new approach to fill the gap.

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A fa­vorite in Alex­ion’s C-suite is leav­ing, and some mighty sur­prised an­a­lysts aren’t the least bit hap­py about it

Analysts hate to lose a biotech CFO they’ve come to trust and admire — especially if they’re being blindsided by a surprise exit.

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Scott Gottlieb, AP Images

Scott Got­tlieb is once again join­ing a team that en­joyed good times at the FDA un­der his high-en­er­gy stint at the helm

Right after jumping on Michael Milken’s FasterCures board on Monday, the newly departed FDA commissioner is back today with news about another life sciences board post that gives him a ringside chair to cheer on a lead player in the real-world evidence movement — one with very close ties to the FDA.

Aetion is reporting this morning that Gottlieb is joining their board, a group that includes Mohamad Makhzoumi, a general partner at New Enterprise Associates, where Gottlieb returned after stepping out of his role at the FDA 2 years after he started.

Gottlieb — one of the best connected execs in biopharma — knows this company well. As head of FDA he championed the use of real-world evidence to help guide drug developers and the agency in gaining greater efficiencies, which helped set up Aetion as a high-profile player in the game.

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Tower Bridge in London [Shutterstock]

#UK­BIO19: Join GSK’s Hal Bar­ron and a group of top biotech ex­ecs for our 2nd an­nu­al biotech sum­mit in Lon­don

Over the past 10 years I’ve made a point of getting to know the Golden Triangle and the special role the UK biopharma industry plays there in drug development. The concentration of world class research institutes, some of the most accomplished scientists I’ve ever seen at work and a rising tide of global investment cash leaves an impression that there’s much, much more to come as biotech hubs are birthed and nurtured.