Tired of fin­ish­ing in last place, Eli Lil­ly’s new R&D chief wants to shake things up

Dan Skovron­sky. LIL­LY PAD

Bern­stein’s Tim An­der­son has been hold­ing some in-depth dis­cus­sions with the ex­ec­u­tive team at Eli Lil­ly, in­clud­ing Dan Skovron­sky, the in­com­ing head of R&D. And it’s clear that Skovron­sky — who’s tak­ing Jan Lund­berg’s place June 1 — in­tends to get more ag­gres­sive in ear­ly-stage de­vel­op­ment as he works to com­plete­ly shed a well-earned rep­u­ta­tion for a go-slow clin­i­cal ap­proach that has fre­quent­ly put them at the end of a long line of ri­vals.

If you look at some of the most ex­cit­ing tar­gets in our in­dus­try, tar­gets that Lil­ly has worked on, things like CDK 4/6, IL-17, IL-23, PC­SK9, CGRP, in each of these we could eas­i­ly have been first,” Skovron­sky, the for­mer CEO of Avid Ra­dio­phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals, told An­der­son. “Our sci­en­tists were among the first work­ing on these tar­gets in the lab and mak­ing drugs against them. In many cas­es, we were slow get­ting up the courage to move in­to hu­man tri­als for var­i­ous rea­sons. We are look­ing to change that.”

Tim An­der­son

That means launch­ing more Phase I stud­ies, look­ing for ear­ly signs of whether they’re on the right track. Then they can de­cide to move for­ward quick­ly, or kill it in the case of weak da­ta.

“We want to be the first test­ing nov­el mech­a­nisms, so that is one change,” Skovron­sky not­ed. “You should see more Lil­ly Phase I tri­als and proof-of-con­cept tri­als on nov­el mech­a­nisms. An­oth­er change that you can ex­pect is that some­times I think Lil­ly has a rep­u­ta­tion for be­ing a fast fol­low­er or de­vel­op me-too drugs in the past. We do not think that is sus­tain­able for our in­dus­try. We need to be fo­cused on drugs with large ef­fect sizes. I think that is al­ways our in­tent, but we con­tin­ue to ratch­et up the pres­sure here to re­al­ly on­ly move for­ward the drugs that we be­lieve can de­liv­er that kind of large dif­fer­en­ti­at­ed ef­fect for pa­tients.”  

Quick trans­la­tion: Go big or go home. And no more lin­ger­ing.

“That means in Phase II proof-of-con­cept stud­ies you should ex­pect us to test new mech­a­nisms in a small num­ber of pa­tients look­ing for the large ef­fect size. If we do not get it, we will move on to the next mech­a­nism and not try and eke out an OK drug. We can talk about that with Alzheimer’s, di­a­betes and oth­er ar­eas; it is work­ing ob­vi­ous­ly in on­col­o­gy and im­munol­o­gy. So speed and large ef­fect sizes. Then the third thing is con­tin­ued evo­lu­tion on ex­ter­nal in­no­va­tion. In the past, we have been pret­ty good at bring­ing in drugs late in de­vel­op­ment, lots of Phase III part­ner­ships or Phase II af­ter proof of con­cept. I think where we are seek­ing to im­prove is on ear­li­er-stage deals. So we will con­tin­ue to do those late deals, but we al­so want to bring in more nov­el tar­gets, nov­el tech­nolo­gies, nov­el drugs in ear­li­er high­er risk stages of de­vel­op­ment.  Some of the changes we have al­ready an­nounced, for ex­am­ple, mov­ing busi­ness de­vel­op­ment in­to R&D should help fa­cil­i­tate that.  But you should ex­pect to see more of that in the fu­ture.”

Eli Lil­ly is one of the world’s top 15 R&D op­er­a­tors, with a string of new drug ap­provals in the last few years that fol­lowed a long and in­cred­i­bly frus­trat­ing de­vel­op­ment drought. It’s had some big set­backs along the way, in­clud­ing the ini­tial re­jec­tion of baric­i­tinib, now back on track at the FDA. Its painstak­ing progress in the clin­ic has de­liv­ered some im­pres­sive da­ta, but Skovron­sky knows that com­pe­ti­tion among the top play­ers is heat­ing up.

Now he’s signed off on a new mis­sion state­ment to fix what still ails Lil­ly.

A new era of treat­ment: How bio­mark­ers are chang­ing the way we think about can­cer

AJ Patel was recovering from a complicated brain surgery when his oncologist burst into the hospital room yelling, “I’ve got some really great news for you!”

For two years, Patel had been going from doctor to doctor trying to diagnose his wheezing, only to be dealt the devastating news that he had stage IV lung cancer and only six months to live. And then they found the brain tumors.

“What are you talking about?” Patel asked. He had never seen an oncologist so happy.

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Michael Corbo, Pfizer CDO of inflammation & immunology

UP­DAT­ED: Plan­ning ahead for crowd­ed ul­cer­a­tive col­i­tis mar­ket, Pfiz­er spells out PhI­II da­ta on $6.7B Are­na drug

Pfizer has laid out the detailed results behind its boast that etrasimod — the S1P receptor modulator at the center of its $6.7 billion buyout of Arena Pharma — is the winner of the class, potentially leapfrogging an earlier entrant from Bristol Myers Squibb.

Pivotal data from the ELEVATE program in ulcerative colitis — which consists of two Phase III trials, one lasting 52 weeks and the other just 12 weeks — illustrate an “encouraging balance of efficacy and safety,” according to Michael Corbo, chief development officer of inflammation & immunology at Pfizer. The company is presenting the results as a late breaker at Digestive Disease Week.

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An NYU surgeon transplants an engineered pig kidney into the outside of a brain-dead patient (Joe Carrotta/NYU Langone Health)

'Xeno­trans­plan­ta­tion is com­ing': New NE­JM pa­per gives de­tailed look in­to 2 pig-to-hu­man kid­ney trans­plant cas­es

The thymokidney is a curious organ, if you could call it that. It’s a sort of Frankensteinian creation — a system of pig thymus embedded underneath the outer layer of a pig’s kidney, made for human transplantation.

In the first case of pig-to-human xenotransplantation of a kidney into a brain-dead patient, the thymokidney quietly featured front and center.

In that experiment, which took place in September of last year, NYU researchers led by Robert Montgomery sutured a pig thymokidney onto the leg of a brain-dead 66-year-old woman. That case was widely reported on by a horde of major media outlets, including the New York Times, the BBC, and an in-depth feature by USA Today.

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Vlad Coric, Biohaven CEO

UP­DAT­ED: Fresh off $11.6B sale to Pfiz­er, New Bio­haven hits Phase III set­back just weeks af­ter Vlad Coric chalked up promise

When Pfizer bought up Biohaven’s migraine portfolio in the largest M&A deal of the year earlier this month, Biohaven CEO Vlad Coric promised the rest of the pipeline, which will live on under the umbrella of New Biohaven, still has a lot to offer. But that vision took a dent Monday as the drugmaker revealed it’s once again flopped on troriluzole.

The glutamate regulator failed to meet the primary endpoint on a Phase III study in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia, an inherited disorder that impairs a person’s ability to walk, speak and swallow. SCA can also lead to premature death.

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Mihael Polymeropoulos, Vanda Pharmaceuticals CEO

Phar­ma com­pa­ny con­tin­ues its FDA law­suit spree, this time af­ter agency de­nies fast-track des­ig­na­tion

Vanda Pharmaceuticals is making a name for itself, at least in terms of suing the FDA.

The DC-headquartered firm on Monday filed its latest suit against the agency, with the company raising concerns over the FDA’s failure to grant a fast track designation for Vanda’s potential chronic digestive disorder drug tradipitant, which is a neurokinin 1 receptor antagonist.

Specifically, Vanda said FDA’s “essential point” in its one-page denial letter on the designation pointed to “the lack of necessary safety data,” which was “inconsistent with the criteria for … Fast Track designation.”

Mod­er­na seeks to dis­miss Al­ny­lam suit over Covid-19 vac­cine com­po­nent, claim­ing wrong venue

RNAi therapeutics juggernaut Alnylam Pharmaceuticals made a splash in March when it sued and sought money from both Pfizer and Moderna regarding their use of Alnylam’s biodegradable lipids, which Alnylam claims have been integral to the way both companies’ mRNA-based Covid-19 vaccines work.

But now, Moderna lawyers are firing back, telling the same Delaware district court that Alnylam’s claims can only proceed against the US government in the Court of Federal Claims because of the way the company’s contract is set up with the US government. The US has spent almost $10 billion on Moderna’s Covid-19 vaccine so far.

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(Credit: Shutterstock)

Cracks in the fa­cade: Is phar­ma's pan­dem­ic ‘feel good fac­tor’ wan­ing?

The discordant effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on pharma reputation continues. While the overall industry still retains a respectable halo from its Covid-19 quick response and leadership, a new patient group study reveals a different story emerging in the details.

On one hand, US patient advocacy groups rated the industry higher-than-ever overall. More than two-thirds (67%) of groups gave the industry a thumbs up for 2021, a whopping 10 percentage point increase over the year before, according to the PatientView annual study, now in its 9th year.

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Saqib Islam, SpringWorks CEO

Pfiz­er spin­out Spring­Works will ship its first drug to the FDA be­fore year’s end with PhI­II win

SpringWorks Therapeutics thinks it has cemented the backbone for its first “pipeline-in-a-product” oncology treatment and will send it to the FDA before the clock strikes 2023 with a Phase III win on Tuesday.

The oral gamma secretase inhibitor, dubbed nirogacestat, beat placebo on the primary goal of progression-free survival in adults with progressing desmoid tumors.

The soft-tissue tumors can lead to long-lasting pain, disfigurement and amputation, and there are currently no approved meds for the rare oncology indication. The tumors typically impact patients aged 20 to 44 years old and disproportionately affect women at rates 2 to 3 times higher, with up to a total of 1,650 new cases diagnosed in the US annually, according to SpringWorks.

Robert Califf (Michael Brochstein/Sipa USA via AP Images)

House Re­pub­li­cans at­tack Chi­na-on­ly da­ta in FDA sub­mis­sions, seek new in­ves­ti­ga­tion in­to re­search in­spec­tions

Three Republican representatives are calling on the FDA to take a closer look at the applications including only clinical data from China.

The letter to FDA commissioner Rob Califf late last week comes as the agency recently rejected Eli Lilly’s anti-PD-1 antibody, which attempted to bring China-only data but ran into a bruising adcomm that may crush the hopes of any other companies looking to bring cheaper follow-ons based only on Chinese data.

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