The top 10 sto­ries from End­points News in 2018

We’ll end this year with a look back at the 10 sto­ries our au­di­ence found most in­ter­est­ing, based on web traf­fic. It’s al­ways fas­ci­nat­ed me when one of our sto­ries gets a vi­ral boost. This year we had a world-class scan­dal that fac­tored in, sev­er­al moves by Big Phar­ma to ex­it key re­search are­nas and some up-and-com­ing in­dus­try play­ers who made the kind of news that at­tract­ed wide­spread at­ten­tion.

One steady theme: Read­ers are in­ter­est­ed in peo­ple now more than mon­ey. Yes, what bleeds still of­ten leads, and there are plen­ty of things that are in des­per­ate shape in this in­dus­try. But a come-from-be­hind suc­cess sto­ry will at­tract a block­buster crowd, too.

The top 10 list this year is par­tic­u­lar­ly in­ter­est­ing to me be­cause we’ve seen a ris­ing tide of ac­tiv­i­ty in bio­phar­ma as new com­pa­nies spring up and go pub­lic faster than ever be­fore. There’s just a lot more R&D-re­lat­ed news these days, so get­ting to the top is hard­er.

And with­out more ado, here’s the top 10.

1 No­var­tis sac­ri­fices its top at­tor­ney in an at­tempt to quell clam­or over $1.2M in Co­hen pay­ments — while ex-CEO Jimenez strug­gles to ex­plain

It’s not of­ten that the head­lines at End­points News re­flect the hur­ley bur­ley of 24/7 ca­ble news cov­er­age. But with Don­ald Trump in the White House, any­thing is pos­si­ble. So it was as No­var­tis $NVS grap­pled with a glob­al up­roar that fol­lowed the rev­e­la­tion that it had qui­et­ly paid Don­ald Trump’s per­son­al lawyer Michael Co­hen more than a mil­lion dol­lars — fun­neled in­to the same busi­ness ac­count that cov­ered mon­ey paid out to porn ac­tress Stormy Daniels fol­low­ing her al­leged af­fair with the pres­i­dent. Hush mon­ey she called it. Now Co­hen is go­ing to jail for the pay­outs while No­var­tis and ex-CEO Joe Jimenez like to call this one over and done with. For No­var­tis, which has been mired in a se­ries of ethics scan­dals, the Co­hen up­roar has to mark a low point. And it def­i­nite­ly left a per­ma­nent mark.

No­var­tis sac­ri­fices its top at­tor­ney in an at­tempt to quell clam­or over $1.2M in Co­hen pay­ments — while ex-CEO Jimenez strug­gles to ex­plain

2 Phar­ma’s bro­ken busi­ness mod­el: An in­dus­try on the brink of ter­mi­nal de­cline

Kelvin Stott put his fin­ger right on one of the sor­est spots in the in­dus­try with this lengthy con­tributed col­umn. Big Phar­ma spends bil­lions on R&D but is steadi­ly los­ing the war on in­no­va­tion. Re­turns from their in­vest­ments have been shrink­ing for years. And Stott came up with his own math to high­light what he called a drift to the brink of ter­mi­nal de­cline. Iron­i­cal­ly, the R&D cri­sis is reach­ing the brink at a time the ma­jors are un­der tremen­dous pres­sure to cap prices, re­mov­ing the an­nu­al hikes that have fu­eled steadi­ly ris­ing rev­enue num­bers for many. They will now be forced to re­ly on their own abil­i­ty to cre­ate a block­buster pipeline, or buy one, be­cause these num­bers from Stott don’t work in the long run.

Phar­ma’s bro­ken busi­ness mod­el: An in­dus­try on the brink of ter­mi­nal de­cline

3 Pfiz­er is ax­ing its neu­ro­sciences di­vi­sion, lay­ing off 300 and dis­card­ing new drugs

None of the Big Phar­ma’s are ever quite fin­ished with re­align­ing their core R&D fo­cus­es, as we’ve seen re­cent­ly at Glax­o­SmithK­line. But af­ter years of heavy in­vest­ments with noth­ing to show for it, Pfiz­er $PFE still man­aged to shock every­one with its abrupt ex­it out of neu­ro­sciences. And true to form, the phar­ma gi­ant sim­ply took out the ax and cut the di­vi­sion out. Can­cer has been a much more lu­cra­tive are­na for Pfiz­er. Maybe they will get back in­to neu­ro some day, when peo­ple ac­tu­al­ly fig­ure out how to make new drugs for the field. In the mean­time, their de­par­ture un­der­scores the harsh re­al­i­ties of R&D. At some point, you have to put up or stop do­ing the work.

Pfiz­er is ax­ing its neu­ro­sciences di­vi­sion, lay­ing off 300 and dis­card­ing new drugs

4 CRISPR pi­o­neer Feng Zhang co-founds a ‘lim­it­less’ biotech up­start with big plans for speed­ing new drug de­vel­op­ment

Just about any sto­ry on CRISPR tech­nol­o­gy could get eye­balls this year. The promise of gene edit­ing as a new tool for tack­ling dis­ease has fas­ci­nat­ed every­one in and out­side the in­dus­try for years. And when one of the field’s founders, the Broad’s Feng Zhang, backs a start­up, you can ex­pect the news will turn heads. The mon­ey in­volved was rel­a­tive­ly small, on­ly $15.6 mil­lion. But peo­ple are more im­por­tant than mon­ey in at­tract­ing an au­di­ence. Zhang has been at the cen­ter of a bit­ter patent dis­pute in­volv­ing the pi­o­neers in this field. But he al­ways main­tained that the field was still in its in­fan­cy, with much more work to be done re­fin­ing and im­prov­ing the tech­nol­o­gy. You can ex­pect more head­lines from Zhang in the year ahead. 

CRISPR pi­o­neer Feng Zhang co-founds a ‘lim­it­less’ biotech up­start with big plans for speed­ing new drug de­vel­op­ment

5 No­var­tis joins the Big Phar­ma ex­o­dus out of an­tibi­otics, dump­ing re­search, cut­ting 140 and out-li­cens­ing pro­grams

Think neu­ro is tough? Try mak­ing com­mer­cial sense out of an­tibi­otics. The R&D work is high risk and the mar­ket, dom­i­nat­ed by cheap gener­ics, looks ex­treme­ly low mar­gin. That’s not the kind of pro­file that Big Phar­ma ever en­joyed. One of the big sur­pris­es here is that No­var­tis was still di­rect­ly en­gaged in the re­search work, while most of the ma­jors had bowed out long ago. Pub­lic health of­fi­cials glob­al­ly have been sound­ing the alarm about drug-re­sis­tant pathogens, rais­ing a hue and cry for new an­tibi­otics. But un­til the mon­ey starts to look at­trac­tive, there won’t be near­ly enough R&D work done to avert a grow­ing threat. Some­thing needs to change, but it nev­er does.

No­var­tis joins the Big Phar­ma ex­o­dus out of an­tibi­otics, dump­ing re­search, cut­ting 140 and out-li­cens­ing pro­grams

6 Ax­o­vant: That pos­i­tive p-val­ue we re­port­ed yes­ter­day? Um, we screwed that up too

Ax­o­vant $AX­ON had been try­ing to find a sil­ver lin­ing around the time that its Alzheimer’s drug blew up in Phase III when they stum­bled — bad­ly — on this mon­u­men­tal screwup. Who­ev­er did the num­bers for this par­tic­u­lar p-val­ue failed to dou­ble check the math, and a com­pa­ny that al­ready had egg on its face had to awk­ward­ly walk it back a day lat­er. Built by Vivek Ra­maswamy and then helmed by David Hung, Ax­o­vant ul­ti­mate­ly had to lev­el the pro­grams for its first two drugs and start all over again as a gene ther­a­py com­pa­ny un­der new man­age­ment. But this is the kind of cau­tion­ary tale that should in­spire every­one to make ab­solute­ly cer­tain not to get slop­py with da­ta. Some things re­al­ly are in­ex­cus­able. 

Ax­o­vant: That pos­i­tive p-val­ue we re­port­ed yes­ter­day? Um, we screwed that up too

7 Stormy Daniels’ lawyer: No­var­tis made $400K in ‘sus­pi­cious’ pay­ments to Trump at­tor­ney Michael Co­hen

This was the sto­ry that got me start­ed on the role No­var­tis had to play in the epic Stormy Daniels saga. Of course, the mon­ey was big­ger than ini­tial­ly re­port­ed, and No­var­tis CEO Vas Narasimhan hun­kered down in Basel to wait out the storm as com­pa­ny ex­ecs point­ed the fin­ger at the re­cent­ly de­part­ed Joe Jimenez for his role in mak­ing it hap­pen. No­var­tis in­sist­ed the con­tact with Co­hen was dra­mat­i­cal­ly short lived, but a probe by Sen­ate De­moc­rats reached a dif­fer­ent con­clu­sion. Scan­dals tend to linger in phar­ma­land long af­ter the head­lines are for­got­ten. Here’s an­oth­er one. 

Stormy Daniels’ lawyer: No­var­tis made $400K in ‘sus­pi­cious’ pay­ments to Trump at­tor­ney Michael Co­hen

8 Mer­ck’s Keytru­da com­bo wows again, ac­ing PhI­II over­all sur­vival goal for lung can­cer ear­ly

Here’s an­oth­er top sto­ry of the year that un­der­scores a ma­jor theme for the year. Af­ter watch­ing Bris­tol-My­ers Squibb $BMY take a com­mand­ing lead on the PD-1 front, Mer­ck’s R&D team $MRK un­der Roger Perl­mut­ter ex­e­cut­ed a mas­sive R&D ef­fort to catch up. Their prime strat­e­gy was a com­bi­na­tion of Keytru­da with chemo, while oth­ers went with CT­LA-4. Chemo won and over the course of 2018 Mer­ck caught up and then passed Bris­tol-My­ers as the leader in mar­ket­ing check­points for non-small cell lung can­cer. Mer­ck now has hun­dreds of tri­als un­der­way to help main­tain its mo­men­tum. Bris­tol-My­ers may have won the first bat­tle, but now the war is go­ing Mer­ck’s way.

Mer­ck’s Keytru­da com­bo wows again, ac­ing PhI­II over­all sur­vival goal for lung can­cer ear­ly

9 Back­ers of Tes­la and SpaceX fund 29-year-old Al­ice Zhang’s AI-pow­ered neu­ro­science start­up

In an in­dus­try that heaps praise on the el­der states­men, it’s the up-and-com­ers like Al­ice Zhang — just like Feng Zhang — that read­ers grav­i­tate to­ward the most. A new name and a new tech­nol­o­gy like AI is all but as­sured wide at­ten­tion. There are no sure things in bio­phar­ma, of course, and new tech­nolo­gies com­mon­ly take years be­fore they tru­ly re­veal their po­ten­tial for dis­rup­tion. But the Cal­i­for­nia dream­ers are get­ting their shot.

Back­ers of Tes­la and SpaceX fund 29-year-old Al­ice Zhang’s AI-pow­ered neu­ro­science start­up

10 The un­der-40s: How does the next gen­er­a­tion of bio­phar­ma ex­ec­u­tives view the fu­ture?

Just to dri­ve that point about new faces and new tech­nol­o­gy home for you, our fi­nal piece for this year’s top 10 fea­tured some of the most promi­nent younger ex­ecs on the way up the lad­der in bio­phar­ma. You can see for your­self who made the first list. We’ve al­ready be­gun to plan for our sec­ond look in 2019, so be sure to keep a look­out when we ask for nom­i­na­tions. Peo­ple care. It’s im­por­tant.

The un­der-40s: How does the next gen­er­a­tion of bio­phar­ma ex­ec­u­tives view the fu­ture?


Im­age: SHUT­TER­STOCK

Inside FDA HQ (File photo)

The FDA just ap­proved the third Duchenne MD drug. And reg­u­la­tors still don’t know if any of them work

Last year Sarepta hit center stage with the FDA’s controversial reversal of its CRL for the company’s second Duchenne muscular dystrophy drug — after the biotech was ambushed by agency insiders ready to reject a second pitch based on the same disease biomarker used for the first approval for eteplirsen, without actual data on the efficacy of the drug.

On Wednesday the FDA approved the third Duchenne MD drug, based on the same biomarker. And regulators were ready to act yet again despite the lack of efficacy data.

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Cell and Gene Con­tract Man­u­fac­tur­ers Must Em­brace Dig­i­ti­za­tion

The Cell and Gene Industry is growing at a staggering 30% CAGR and is estimated to reach $14B by 20251. A number of cell, gene and stem cell therapy sponsors currently have novel drug substances and products and many rely on Contract Development Manufacturing Organizations (CDMO) to produce them with adherence to stringent regulatory cGMP conditions. Cell and gene manufacturing for both autologous (one to one) and allogenic (one to many) treatments face difficult issues such as: a complex supply chain, variability on patient and cellular level, cell expansion count and a tight scheduling of lot disposition process. This complexity affects quality, compliance and accountability in the entire vein-to-vein process for critically ill patients.

Stéphane Bancel speaks to President Donald Trump at the White House meeting on March 2 (AP Images)

UP­DAT­ED: Mod­er­na of­fers steep dis­count in US sup­ply deal — but still takes the crown with close to $2.5B in vac­cine con­tracts

The US pre-order for Moderna’s Covid-19 vaccine is in.

Operation Warp Speed is reserving $1.525 billion for 100 million doses of Moderna’s Phase III mRNA candidate, rounding out to about $15 per dose — including $300 million in incentive payments for timely delivery. Given that Moderna has a two-dose regimen, it’s good for vaccinating 50 million people. The US government also has the option to purchase another 400 million doses for a total of $6.6 billion, or $16.5 per dose.

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Cal­lid­i­tas bets up to $102M on a biotech buy­out, snag­ging a once-failed PBC drug

After spending years developing its oral formulation of the corticosteroid budesonide, Sweden’s Calliditas now has its sights set on the primary biliary cholangitis field.

The company will buy out France-based Genkyotex, and it’s willing to bet up to €87 million ($102 million) that Genkyotex’s failed Phase II drug, GKT831, will do better in late-stage trials.

Under the current agreement, Calliditas $CALT will initially pay €20.3 million in cash for 62.7% of Genkyotex (or €2.80 a piece for 7,236,515 shares) in early October, then circle back for the rest of Genkyotex’s shares under the same terms. If nothing changes, the whole buyout will cost Calliditas €32.3 million, plus up to  €55 million in contingent rights.

Qi­a­gen in­vestors spurn Ther­mo Fish­er’s takeover of­fer, de­rail­ing a $12B+ deal

Thermo Fisher Scientific had announced an $11.5 billion takeover of Dutch diagnostics company Qiagen back in March, but the deal apparently did not sit well with Qiagen investors.

After getting hammered by critics who contended that Qiagen $QGEN was worth a lot more than what Thermo Fisher wanted to spend, investors turned thumbs down on the offer — derailing the buyout even after Thermo Fisher increased its offer to $12.6 billion in July. Qiagen’s share price has been boosted considerably by Covid-19 as demand for its testing kits surged.

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Xuefeng Yu in Hong Kong, 2019 (Imaginechina via AP Images)

CanSi­no reaps $748M wind­fall from Shang­hai IPO — as it warns Covid-19 vac­cine won't be a huge mon­ey mak­er

CanSino began the year with a clear goal to secure a secondary listing on Shanghai’s STAR market. Then something more urgent came along: As a rising vaccine developer on a mission to bring global standard immunizations to China, it heeded the call to make a vaccine to protect against a virus that would paralyze the whole world.

Xuefeng Yu and his team managed to keep doing both.

More than a month after CanSino’s Covid-19 vaccine candidate is authorized for military use in China, the Hong Kong-listed company has made a roaring debut in Shanghai. It fetched $748 million (RMB$5.2 billion) by floating 24.8 million shares, and soared 88% on its first trading day.

James Wilson, WuXi Global Forum at JPM20

FDA puts up a red light for Pas­sage Bio’s first gene ther­a­py pro­gram, de­lay­ing a pro­gram from James Wilson's group at Penn

Gene therapy pioneer James Wilson spearheaded animal studies demonstrating the potential of new treatments injected directly into the brain, looking to jumpstart a once-and-done fix for an extraordinarily rare disease called GM1 gangliosidosis in infants. His team at the University of Pennsylvania published their work on monkeys and handed it over to Passage Bio, a Wilson-inspired startup building a pipeline of gene therapies — with an IND for PBGM01 to lead the way.

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A lab technician works during research on coronavirus at Johnson & Johnson subsidiary Janssen Pharmaceutical in Beerse, Belgium, Wednesday, June 17, 2020. (Virginia Mayo/AP Images)

UP­DAT­ED: End­points News ranks all 28 play­ers in the Covid-19 vac­cine race. Here's how it stacks up to­day

(This piece was last updated on August 13. Endpoints News will continue to track the latest developments through the FDA’s marketing decisions.)

The 28 players now in or close to the clinical race to get a Covid-19 vaccine over the finish line are angling for a piece of a multibillion-dollar market. And being first — or among the leaders — will play a big role in determining just how big a piece.

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Bayer's Marianne De Backer with Endpoints founder John Carroll, Endpoints@JPM20 (Jeff Rumans for Endpoints News)

UP­DAT­ED: Hunt­ing a block­buster, Bay­er forges an $875M-plus M&A deal to ac­quire women’s health biotech

Bayer has dropped $425 million in cash on its latest women’s health bet, bringing a UK biotech and its non-hormonal menopause treatment into the fold.

KaNDy Therapeutics had its roots in GlaxoSmithKline, which spun out several neuroscience drugs into NeRRe Therapeutics back in 2012. Five years later the team created a new biotech to focus solely on NT-814 — which they considered “one of the few true innovations in women’s health in more than two decades.”

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