As drug­mak­ers seek ways to elude IL-2 flaws, Clin­i­gen se­cures the full rights to orig­i­nal trou­bled IL-2 drug Pro­leukin

Pro­leukin, the trou­bled IL-2 can­cer drug sold by No­var­tis, has found a new home at Clin­i­gen, while oth­ers in the field of im­muno-on­col­o­gy seek ways to cre­ate an im­proved ver­sion of the class of drugs sans the tox­i­c­i­ty that has stymied the use of the orig­i­nal IL-2.

Last year, Lon­don-list­ed Clin­i­gen $CLIN ac­quired the rights to sell the drug out­side the Unit­ed States from No­var­tis $NVS, in a deal where fi­nan­cial de­tails were not dis­closed. The drug, which is used to treat metasta­t­ic re­nal cell car­ci­no­ma and metasta­t­ic melanoma, has gen­er­at­ed rough­ly $80 mil­lion in an­nu­al sales in the last few years, ac­cord­ing to Eval­u­ate Phar­ma. In the year lead­ing up to June 30, 2018, Pro­leukin gen­er­at­ed US sales of $60 mil­lion, ac­cord­ing to Clin­i­gen, cit­ing IQVIA es­ti­mates.

Clin­i­gen, which says it aims to re­vi­tal­ize med­i­cines of im­por­tance that have been side­lined due to chal­lenges, on Wednes­day said it is ac­quir­ing the re­main­ing US rights from No­var­tis in a deal up to $210 mil­lion in cash, in­clud­ing $120 mil­lion up­front. The rest will come in de­ferred and mile­stone pay­ments. The deal is ex­pect­ed to be con­sum­mat­ed by April.

Pro­leukin is cur­rent­ly be­ing in­ves­ti­gat­ed in some 80 ac­tive tri­als for use in a pletho­ra of dis­eases, and Clin­i­gen is “ex­plor­ing op­tions with com­pa­nies who are look­ing to cre­ate ei­ther new dosage ver­sions of (the) Il-2 or com­bi­na­tion reg­i­mens,” a spokesper­son told End­points News, de­clin­ing to elab­o­rate fur­ther on its re­vi­tal­iza­tion strat­e­gy.

The Pro­leukin ac­qui­si­tion will aug­ment Clin­i­gen’s earn­ings, adding at least 25% to its EPS in the first full fi­nan­cial year af­ter the prod­uct tran­si­tions to the com­pa­ny, and is al­so ex­pect­ed to cut its debt bur­den.

The ini­tial IL-2 ap­proach showed the promise of the tar­get, but safe­ty is­sues in­clud­ing a dose-lim­it­ing tox pro­file and im­muno­sup­pres­sion thwart­ed its po­ten­tial. Now com­pa­nies such as Nek­tar Ther­a­peu­tics $NK­TR are work­ing on a next-gen IL-2 ther­a­py, an ef­fort that com­bined with Bris­tol-My­ers’ $BMY Op­di­vo has re­cent­ly hit a snag.

Clin­i­gen al­ready owns three prod­ucts in the US: Fos­cav­ir, Ethy­ol and To­tect, al­though Pfiz­er has won the com­mer­cial li­cense to Fos­cav­ir and Cum­ber­land Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cals to Ethy­ol and To­tect.

Tar­get­ing a Po­ten­tial Vul­ner­a­bil­i­ty of Cer­tain Can­cers with DNA Dam­age Re­sponse

Every individual’s DNA is unique, and because of this, every patient responds differently to disease and treatment. It is astonishing how four tiny building blocks of our DNA – A, T, C, G – dictate our health, disease, and how we age.

The tricky thing about DNA is that it is constantly exposed to damage by sources such as ultraviolet light, certain chemicals, toxins, and even natural biochemical processes inside our cells.¹ If ignored, DNA damage will accumulate in replicating cells, giving rise to mutations that can lead to premature aging, cancer, and other diseases.

Fol­low biotechs go­ing pub­lic with the End­points News IPO Track­er

The Endpoints News team is continuing to track IPO filings for 2021, and we’ve designed a new tracker page for the effort.

Check it out here: Biopharma IPOs 2021 from Endpoints News

You’ll be able to find all the biotechs that have filed and priced so far this year, sortable by quarter and listed by newest first. As of the time of publishing on Feb. 25, there have already been 16 biotechs debuting on Nasdaq so far this year, with an additional four having filed their S-1 paperwork.

S&P ex­pects steady ero­sion in Big Phar­ma's cred­it pro­file in 2021 as new M&A deals roll in — but don't un­der­es­ti­mate their un­der­ly­ing strength

S&P Global has taken a look at the dominant forces shaping the pharma market and come to the conclusion that there will be more downgrades than upgrades in 2021 — the 8th straight year of steady decline.

But it’s not all bad news. Some things are looking up, and there’s still plenty of money to be made in an industry that enjoys a 30% to 40% profit margin, once you factor in steep R&D expenses.

Steve Cutler, Icon CEO (Icon)

In the biggest CRO takeover in years, Icon doles out $12B for PRA Health Sci­ences to fo­cus on de­cen­tral­ized clin­i­cal work

Contract research M&A had a healthy run in recent years before recently petering out. But with the market ripe for a big buyout and the Covid-19 pandemic emphasizing the importance of decentralized trials, Wednesday saw a tectonic shift in the CRO world.

Icon, the Dublin-based CRO, will acquire PRA Health Sciences for $12 billion in a move that will shake up the highest rungs of a fragmented market. The merger would combine the 5th- and 6th-largest CROs by 2020 revenue, according to Icon, and the merger will set the newco up to be the second-largest global CRO behind only IQVIA.

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Tom Barnes (Orna)

The mR­NA era is here. MPM be­lieves the fu­ture be­longs to oR­NA — and Big Phar­ma wants a seat at the ta­ble

If the ultra-fast clinical development of Covid-19 vaccines opened the world’s eyes to the promises of messenger RNA, the subsequent delays in supply offered a crash course on the ultra-complex process of producing them. Even before the formulation and fill-finish steps, mRNA is the precious end product from an arduous journey involving enzyme-aided transcription, modification and purification.

For Bristol Myers Squibb, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Gilead’s Kite and Astellas, it’s time to rethink the way therapeutic RNA is engineered.

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Ken Frazier, Merck CEO (Bess Adler/Bloomberg via Getty Images)

UP­DAT­ED: Mer­ck takes a swing at the IL-2 puz­zle­box with a $1.85B play for buzzy Pan­dion and its au­toim­mune hope­fuls

When Roger Perlmutter bid farewell to Merck late last year, the drugmaker perhaps best known now for sales giant Keytruda signaled its intent to take a swing at early-stage novelty with the appointment of discovery head Dean Li. Now, Merck is signing a decent-sized check to bring an IL-2 moonshot into the fold.

Merck will shell out roughly $1.85 billion for Pandion Pharmaceuticals, a biotech hoping to gin up regulatory T cells (Tregs) to treat a range of autoimmune disorders, the drugmaker said Thursday.

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Tal Zaks, Moderna CMO (AP Photo/Rodrique Ngowi, via still image from video)

CMO Tal Zaks bids Mod­er­na a sur­prise adieu as biotech projects $18.4B in rev­enue, plots post-Covid ex­pan­sion

How do you exit a company after six years in style? Developing one of the most lucrative and life-saving products in pharma history is probably not the worst way to go.

Tal Zaks, Moderna’s CMO since 2015, will leave the mRNA biotech in September, the biotech disclosed in their annual report this morning. The company has already retained the recruitment firm Russell Reynolds to find a replacement.

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Glax­o­SmithK­line re­thinks strat­e­gy for Covid-19 an­ti­body — not the Vir ones — af­ter tri­al flop. Is there hope in high-risk pa­tients?

In the search for a better Covid-19 therapeutic, GlaxoSmithKline and Vir have partnered up on two antibodies they hope have a chance. GSK is also testing its own in-house antibody, and early results may have shut the door on its widespread use.

A combination of GSK’s monoclonal antibody otilimab plus standard of care couldn’t best standard of care alone in preventing death and respiratory failure in hospitalized Covid-19 patients after 28 days, according to data from the Phase IIa OSCAR study unveiled Thursday.

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Bio­phar­ma's suc­cess rate in bring­ing drugs to mar­ket has long been abysmal. Can new tools help rewrite that trou­bled past?

In 2011, a team of researchers at British drugmaker AstraZeneca had a problem they were looking to solve.

For years, drug discovery and development were a wasteland for innovation. Novel drugs largely fell into one of two categories — monoclonal antibodies and small molecules — and new therapeutic modalities were hard to come by. After a rush of promising approvals in the late 1990s — including then-Biogen’s CD20 targeting antibody breakthrough Rituxan — the field stagnated and attrition rates stayed sky-high. What exactly is the industry doing wrong? AstraZeneca asked itself.

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