Can a lit­tle known drug in As­traZeneca's pipeline make a come­back as a PARP add-on? Yale sci­en­tists ex­plain how

As­traZeneca’s cedi­ranib may not have made the cut as a sin­gle agent to treat ovar­i­an can­cer, but Yale re­searchers think it could serve as a pow­er­ful add-on to am­pli­fy the ef­fects of PARP in­hibitors.

Pe­ter Glaz­er

The the­o­ry has been that cedi­ranib works by block­ing the for­ma­tion of new blood ves­sels, thus de­priv­ing tu­mors of the nu­tri­tion and oxy­gen nec­es­sary to live and grow. But in a mouse tri­al, a team out of Pe­ter Glaz­er’s lab found that the drug al­so di­rect­ly af­fects path­ways in­volved in DNA re­pair — a po­ten­tial­ly more use­ful func­tion.

The sci­en­tists set out to ex­plain some un­ex­pect­ed re­sults from a re­cent Phase II study, in which a com­bi­na­tion of cedi­ranib with Lyn­parza (ola­parib) im­proved pro­gres­sion-free sur­vival com­pared to Lyn­parza alone (16.5 ver­sus 8.2 months, haz­ard ra­tio 0.50; p = 0.007) in pa­tients with re­lapsed plat­inum-sen­si­tive ovar­i­an can­cer. More im­por­tant­ly, a sub­set of pa­tients in the tri­al with­out doc­u­ment­ed BR­CA1/2 mu­ta­tions demon­strat­ed su­pe­ri­or PFS as well as over­all sur­vival. That’s sur­pris­ing giv­en that a BR­CA mu­ta­tion is of­ten seen as a pre­req­ui­site for As­traZeneca and Mer­ck’s star PARP in­hibitor to work.

Alan­na Ka­plan

Af­ter ex­plor­ing the phe­nom­e­na in mice and cell cul­ture, Glaz­er and his team — in­clud­ing lead in­ves­ti­ga­tor Alan­na Ka­plan — con­clud­ed that cedi­ranib has a di­rect ef­fect on ho­mol­o­gy-di­rect­ed re­pair, a mech­a­nism that can­cer cells can ma­nip­u­late. The down-reg­u­la­tion, they write in Sci­ence Trans­la­tion­al Med­i­cine, hap­pens on­ly in tu­mors but not bone mar­row cells, which has tra­di­tion­al­ly been the dose-lim­it­ing fac­tor for PARP drugs.

“Un­like ola­parib, it doesn’t di­rect­ly block a DNA re­pair mol­e­cule, stop­ping DNA from stitch­ing it­self back to­geth­er. It af­fects the reg­u­la­tion by which DNA re­pair genes are ex­pressed,” Glaz­er added in a state­ment.

More specif­i­cal­ly, cedi­ranib does so through platelet-de­rived growth fac­tor re­cep­tor (PDGFR) in­hi­bi­tion, ac­ti­va­tion of pro­tein phos­phatase 2A (PP2A), and E2F tran­scrip­tion fac­tor 4 (E2F4)/RB tran­scrip­tion­al core­pres­sor like 2 (RB2/p130)–me­di­at­ed re­pres­sion of BR­CA1/2 and RAD51 gene ex­pres­sion.

The ef­fects are not lim­it­ed to Lyn­parza, ei­ther; cedi­ranib al­so sen­si­tized cells to an­oth­er PARP in­hibitor de­vel­oped by Pfiz­er, BMN673 (ta­la­zoparib).

Back in 2016 As­traZeneca pulled an EMA ap­pli­ca­tion for cedi­ranib and axed a monother­a­py pro­gram for the drug. Its web­site now lists a Lyn­parza/cedi­ranib com­bo as a project in a piv­otal phase, with a US fil­ing in ovar­i­an can­cer planned for 2020.

The Yale re­searchers will move on to in­ves­ti­gate whether this new­found syn­thet­ic lethal­i­ty — the idea of killing can­cer cells more ef­fec­tive­ly by tar­get­ing two genes at the same time — in oth­er can­cer types.

Im­age Source: Shut­ter­stock

Chas­ing Roche's ag­ing block­buster fran­chise, Am­gen/Al­ler­gan roll out Avastin, Her­ceptin knock­offs at dis­count

Let the long battle for biosimilars in the cancer space begin.

Amgen has launched its Avastin and Herceptin copycats — licensed from the predecessors of Allergan — almost two years after the FDA had stamped its approval on Mvasi (bevacizumab-awwb) and three months after the Kanjinti OK (trastuzumab-anns). While the biotech had been fielding biosimilars in Europe, this marks their first foray in the US — and the first oncology biosimilars in the country.

Seer adds ex-FDA chief Mark Mc­Clel­lan to the board; Her­cules Cap­i­tal makes it of­fi­cial for new CEO Scott Bluestein

→ On the same day it announced a $17.5 million Series C, life sciences and health data company Seer unveiled that it had lured former FDA commissioner and ex-CMS administrator Mark McClellan on to its board. “Mark’s deep understanding of the health care ecosystem and visionary insights on policy reform will be crucial in informing our thinking as we work to bring our liquid biopsy and life sciences products to market,” said Seer chief and founder Omid Farokhzad in a statement.

Norbert Bischofberger. Kronos

Backed by some of the biggest names in biotech, Nor­bert Bischof­berg­er gets his megaround for plat­form tech out of MIT

A little over a year ago when I reported on Norbert Bischofberger’s jump from the CSO job at giant Gilead to a tiny upstart called Kronos, I noted that with his connections in biotech finance, that $18 million launch round he was starting off with could just as easily have been $100 million or more.

With his first anniversary now behind him, Bischofberger has that mega-round in the bank.

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Francesco De Rubertis

Medicxi is rolling out its biggest fund ever to back Eu­rope's top 'sci­en­tists with strange ideas'

Francesco De Rubertis built Medicxi to be the kind of biotech venture player he would have liked to have known back when he was a full time scientist.

“When I was a scientist 20 years ago I would have loved Medicxi,’ the co-founder tells me. It’s the kind of place run by and for investigators, what the Medicxi partner calls “scientists with strange ideas — a platform for the drug hunter and scientific entrepreneur. That’s what I wanted when I was a scientist.”

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Af­ter a decade, Vi­iV CSO John Pot­tage says it's time to step down — and he's hand­ing the job to long­time col­league Kim Smith

ViiV Healthcare has always been something unique in the global drug industry.

Owned by GlaxoSmithKline and Pfizer — with GSK in the lead as majority owner — it was created 10 years ago in a time of deep turmoil for the field as something independent of the pharma giants, but with access to lots of infrastructural support on demand. While R&D at the mother ship inside GSK was souring, a razor-focused ViiV provided a rare bright spot, challenging Gilead on a lucrative front in delivering new combinations that require fewer therapies with a more easily tolerated regimen.

They kept a massive number of people alive who would otherwise have been facing a death sentence. And they made money.

And throughout, John Pottage has been the chief scientific and chief medical officer.

Until now.

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Daniel O'Day

No­var­tis hands off 3 pre­clin­i­cal pro­grams to the an­tivi­ral R&D mas­ters at Gilead

Gilead CEO Daniel O’Day’s new task hunting up a CSO for the company isn’t stopping the industry’s dominant antiviral player from doing pipeline deals.

The big biotech today snapped up 3 preclinical antiviral programs from pharma giant Novartis, with drugs promising to treat human rhinovirus, influenza and herpes viruses. We don’t know what the upfront is, but the back end has $291 million in milestones baked in.

Vas Narasimhan, AP Images

On a hot streak, No­var­tis ex­ecs run the odds on their two most im­por­tant PhI­II read­outs. Which is 0.01% more like­ly to suc­ceed?

Novartis CEO Vas Narasimhan is living in the sweet spot right now.

The numbers are running a bit better than expected, the pipeline — which he assembled as development chief — is performing and the stock popped more than 4% on Thursday as the executive team ran through their assessment of Q2 performance.

Year-to-date the stock is up 28%, so the investors will be beaming. Anyone looking for chinks in their armor — and there are plenty giving it a shot — right now focus on payer acceptance of their $2.1 million gene therapy Zolgensma, where it’s early days. And CAR-T continues to underperform, but Novartis doesn’t appear to be suffering from it.

So what could go wrong?

Actually, not much. But Tim Anderson at Wolfe pressed Narasimhan and his development chief John Tsai to pick which of two looming Phase III readouts with blockbuster implication had the better odds of success.

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On a glob­al romp, Boehringer BD team picks up its third R&D al­liance for Ju­ly — this time fo­cused on IPF with $50M up­front

Boehringer Ingelheim’s BD team is on a global deal spree. The German pharma company just wrapped its third deal in 3 weeks, going back to Korea for its latest pipeline pact — this time focused on idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

They’re handing over $50 million to get their hands on BBT-877, an ATX inhibitor from Korea’s Bridge Biotherapeutics that was on display at a science conference in Dallas recently. There’s not a whole lot of data to evaluate the prospects here.

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Servi­er scoots out of an­oth­er col­lab­o­ra­tion with Macro­Gen­ics, writ­ing off their $40M

Servier is walking out on a partnership with MacroGenics $MGNX — for the second time.

After the market closed on Wednesday MacroGenics put out word that Servier is severing a deal — inked close to 7 years ago — to collaborate on the development of flotetuzumab and other Dual-Affinity Re-Targeting (DART) drugs in its pipeline.

MacroGenics CEO Scott Koenig shrugged off the departure of Servier, which paid $20 million to kick off the alliance and $20 million to option flotetuzumab — putting a heavily back-ended $1 billion-plus in additional biobuck money on the table for the anti-CD123/CD3 bispecific and its companion therapies.