Ke­to in a pill? Jim Mel­lon de­buts an­ti-ag­ing joint ven­ture with the Buck ded­i­cat­ed to in­duc­ing ke­to­sis

Jim Mel­lon

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Jim Mel­lon’s crew at Ju­ve­nes­cence has found its lat­est ven­ture idea in a pop­u­lar di­et mak­ing its rounds in biotech cir­cles.

Er­ic Verdin

Once again team­ing up with the Buck In­sti­tute for Re­search on Ag­ing, Ju­ve­nes­cence has launched BHB Ther­a­peu­tics to ex­plore pre­ven­ta­tive med­i­cines that have po­ten­tial to pro­tect against age-re­lat­ed dis­ease by in­duc­ing a state of ke­to­sis, where the body burns fat in­stead of carbs, spurring the pro­duc­tion of an­ti-in­flam­ma­to­ry ke­tone bod­ies.

In par­tic­u­lar, the biotech start­up will fo­cus on the ke­tone body be­ta-hy­drox­y­bu­tyrate, or — you guessed it — BHB. Er­ic Verdin, the Buck pres­i­dent and CEO whose re­search in­spired an­oth­er Ju­ve­nes­cence spin­out, has dis­cov­ered that BHB helps the body re­spond to stress.

John New­man

A ke­to­genic di­et — which has been her­ald­ed for its ef­fects in weight loss, hunger sup­pres­sion as well as con­cen­tra­tion — and the con­se­quent longterm ex­po­sure to ke­tone bod­ies can al­so ex­tend healthy lifes­pan in mod­el sys­tems, Verdin and col­lab­o­ra­tor John New­man found.

The duo has gen­er­at­ed “hard sci­en­tif­ic da­ta” in mice that show ke­to­sis can be car­dio-pro­tec­tive, CEO Greg Bai­ley told End­points News. Ob­vi­ous­ly, they have a long way to go.

“The rea­son we think that car­dio-pro­tec­tion may trans­late to hu­mans is be­cause if giv­en sug­ar or ke­tones, many peo­ple’s hearts pre­fer ke­tones, where­as the brain is the op­po­site,” he said. “If giv­en the op­tion be­tween sug­ar or ke­tones, the brain will take sug­ar. Un­for­tu­nate­ly, in­di­vid­u­als when they hit 50 (plus or mi­nus a cou­ple years) they be­come in­sulin re­sis­tant — and then the sug­ar can go se­ri­ous­ly high in a va­ri­ety of or­gans and that leads to a va­ri­ety of dif­fer­ent patholo­gies.”

The com­pa­ny is look­ing to be­gin “ag­gres­sive safe­ty stud­ies” in the near-term, Bai­ley added. Should the com­pounds be found safe, he plans to take al­ter­na­tive routes rather than the con­ven­tion­al reg­u­la­to­ry path­way — which he be­lieves can lead to quick­er hu­man test­ing.

Greg Bai­ley

Just days ago, Ju­ve­nes­cence un­veiled the first $46 mil­lion tranche of a promised $100 mil­lion raise that’s de­signed to bankroll longevi­ty projects with the col­lec­tive goal of ex­tend­ing the hu­man lifes­pan to 150 years. So far, it’s ticked off stem cell tech and or­gan re­gen­er­a­tion among the fields it’s es­tab­lished it­self through joint ven­tures with AI groups — In­sil­i­co and Ne­tra­mark — and con­trol­ling in­ter­ests in AgeX and Ly­Ge­n­e­sis.

The goal, founder and chair­man Mel­lon said back then, is to have 18 projects un­der­way by the end of the year.

Look for two or three of them to be an­nounced over the next few weeks, Bai­ley said, not­ing that there should al­so be three or four let­ters of in­tent go­ing out short­ly.


With ad­di­tion­al re­port­ing by Na­tal­ie Grover.

Pi­o­neer­ing Click Chem­istry in Hu­mans

Reimagining cancer treatments

Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for nearly 10 million deaths in 2020, which is nearly one in six deaths. Recently, we have seen incredible advances in novel cancer therapies such as immune checkpoint inhibitors, cell therapies, and antibody-drug conjugates that have revamped cancer care and improved survival rates for patients.

Despite this significant progress in therapeutic targeting, why are we still seeing such a high mortality rate? The reason is that promising therapies are often limited by their therapeutic index, which is a measure of the effective dose of a drug, relative to its safety. If we could broaden the therapeutic indices of currently available medicines, it would revolutionize cancer treatments. We are still on the quest to find the ultimate cancer medicine – highly effective in several cancer types, safe, and precisely targeted to the tumor site.

Joshua Cohen (L) and Justin Klee, Amylyx co-CEOs

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For just the third time in its 116-year history, the FDA has approved a new treatment for Lou Gehrig’s disease, or ALS.

US regulators gave the thumbs-up to the drug, known as Relyvrio, in a massive win for patients and their families. The approval, given to Boston-area biotech Amylyx Pharmaceuticals, comes after two years of long and contentious debates over the drug’s effectiveness between advocacy groups and FDA scientists, following the readout of a mid-stage clinical trial in September 2020.

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Ivan Cheung, Eisai US chairman and CEO

Bio­gen, Ei­sai re­fresh amy­loid hy­poth­e­sis with PhI­II show­ing Alzheimer's med slows cog­ni­tive de­cline

In the first look at Phase III data for lecanemab, Eisai and Biogen’s follow-up Alzheimer’s drug to the embattled Aduhelm launch, results show the drug passed with flying colors on a test looking at memory, problem solving and other dementia metrics.

One of the most-watched Alzheimer’s therapies in the clinic, lecanemab met the study’s primary goal on the CDR-SB — Clinical Dementia Rating-Sum of Boxes — giving the biotech the confidence to ask for full approval in the US, EU and Japan by next March 31. The experimental drug reduced clinical decline on the scale by 27% compared to placebo at 18 months, the companies said Tuesday night Eastern time and Wednesday morning in Japan.

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Nooman Haque, head of life sciences and healthcare at Silicon Valley Bank, and John Carroll

I’m head­ed to Lon­don soon for #EU­BIO22. Care to join me?

It was great getting back to a live ESMO conference/webinar in Paris followed by a live pop-up event for the Endpoints 11 in Boston. We’re staying on the road in October with our return for a live/streaming EUBIO22 in London.

Silicon Valley Bank’s Nooman Haque and I are once again jumping back into the thick of it with a slate of virtual and live events on October 12. I’ll get the ball rolling with a virtual fireside chat with Novo Nordisk R&D chief Marcus Schindler, covering their pipeline plans and BD work.

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Moderna CEO Stéphane Bancel made clear on the last quarterly call that “now is not the time to slow down.” On Thursday, he made a bit more room in the cockpit.

The company unveiled a new executive role on Thursday, promoting former chief technical operations and quality officer Juan Andres to president of strategic partnerships and enterprise expansion, and poaching a former Novartis exec to take his place.

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Gilead is mounting its counterfeit drug lawsuit, naming two “kingpins” and a complex network of conspirators who allegedly sold imitation bottles of its HIV meds, some of which ended up in US pharmacies.

The pharma giant on Wednesday provided an update on what it called a “large-scale, sophisticated counterfeiting conspiracy,” accusing two new defendants of “leading and orchestrating” a scheme to sell hundreds of millions of dollars in illegitimate drugs posing as meds such as Biktarvy and Descovy.

Vlad Coric, Biohaven CEO (Photo Credit: Andrew Venditti)

As Amy­lyx de­ci­sion waits in the wings, Bio­haven’s ALS drug sinks (again) in plat­form tri­al

The FDA’s decision on Amylyx’s ALS drug is set to come out sometime Thursday. In a space with few drugs, any approval would be a major landmark.

But elsewhere in the ALS field, things are a bit more tepid.

Thursday morning, Biohaven announced that its drug verdiperstat failed its arm of an ALS platform trial led by Massachusetts General Hospital. According to a press release, the drug did not meet its primary endpoint — improvement on an ALS functional status test — or any key secondary endpoints at 24 weeks. The trial had enrolled 167 patients, giving them either verdiperstat or placebo twice a day.

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Tar­sus looks to raise aware­ness of eye­lid mite dis­ease in cam­paign aimed at eye­care spe­cial­ists

Eyelid mite disease may be “gross” but it’s also fairly common, affecting about 25 million people in the US.

Called demodex blepharitis, it’s a well-known condition among eyecare professionals, but they often don’t always realize how common it is. Tarsus Pharmaceuticals wants to change that with a new awareness campaign called “Look at the Lids.”

The campaign and website debut Thursday — just three weeks after Tarsus filed for FDA approval for a drug that treats the disease.

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Marcelo Bigal, Ventus Therapeutics CEO

No­vo Nordisk joins No­var­tis, Roche in NL­RP3 are­na, bet­ting $70M cash on NASH, car­diometa­bol­ic us­es

As a drug target, the NLRP3 inflammasome has drawn serious interest from Big Pharma, inspiring a series of M&A deals from Novartis and Roche on top of venture investments by others. Now Novo Nordisk is jumping on the bandwagon — and the Danish pharma giant is taking the target where it knows best.

Novo Nordisk is getting its NLRP3 inhibitors from Ventus Therapeutics, a Versant-backed startup that set out to make some of the best NLRP3 drugs out there by incorporating new insights into the structure of the target complex.

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