Ke­to in a pill? Jim Mel­lon de­buts an­ti-ag­ing joint ven­ture with the Buck ded­i­cat­ed to in­duc­ing ke­to­sis

Jim Mel­lon

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Jim Mel­lon’s crew at Ju­ve­nes­cence has found its lat­est ven­ture idea in a pop­u­lar di­et mak­ing its rounds in biotech cir­cles.

Er­ic Verdin

Once again team­ing up with the Buck In­sti­tute for Re­search on Ag­ing, Ju­ve­nes­cence has launched BHB Ther­a­peu­tics to ex­plore pre­ven­ta­tive med­i­cines that have po­ten­tial to pro­tect against age-re­lat­ed dis­ease by in­duc­ing a state of ke­to­sis, where the body burns fat in­stead of carbs, spurring the pro­duc­tion of an­ti-in­flam­ma­to­ry ke­tone bod­ies.

In par­tic­u­lar, the biotech start­up will fo­cus on the ke­tone body be­ta-hy­drox­y­bu­tyrate, or — you guessed it — BHB. Er­ic Verdin, the Buck pres­i­dent and CEO whose re­search in­spired an­oth­er Ju­ve­nes­cence spin­out, has dis­cov­ered that BHB helps the body re­spond to stress.

John New­man

A ke­to­genic di­et — which has been her­ald­ed for its ef­fects in weight loss, hunger sup­pres­sion as well as con­cen­tra­tion — and the con­se­quent longterm ex­po­sure to ke­tone bod­ies can al­so ex­tend healthy lifes­pan in mod­el sys­tems, Verdin and col­lab­o­ra­tor John New­man found.

The duo has gen­er­at­ed “hard sci­en­tif­ic da­ta” in mice that show ke­to­sis can be car­dio-pro­tec­tive, CEO Greg Bai­ley told End­points News. Ob­vi­ous­ly, they have a long way to go.

“The rea­son we think that car­dio-pro­tec­tion may trans­late to hu­mans is be­cause if giv­en sug­ar or ke­tones, many peo­ple’s hearts pre­fer ke­tones, where­as the brain is the op­po­site,” he said. “If giv­en the op­tion be­tween sug­ar or ke­tones, the brain will take sug­ar. Un­for­tu­nate­ly, in­di­vid­u­als when they hit 50 (plus or mi­nus a cou­ple years) they be­come in­sulin re­sis­tant — and then the sug­ar can go se­ri­ous­ly high in a va­ri­ety of or­gans and that leads to a va­ri­ety of dif­fer­ent patholo­gies.”

The com­pa­ny is look­ing to be­gin “ag­gres­sive safe­ty stud­ies” in the near-term, Bai­ley added. Should the com­pounds be found safe, he plans to take al­ter­na­tive routes rather than the con­ven­tion­al reg­u­la­to­ry path­way — which he be­lieves can lead to quick­er hu­man test­ing.

Greg Bai­ley

Just days ago, Ju­ve­nes­cence un­veiled the first $46 mil­lion tranche of a promised $100 mil­lion raise that’s de­signed to bankroll longevi­ty projects with the col­lec­tive goal of ex­tend­ing the hu­man lifes­pan to 150 years. So far, it’s ticked off stem cell tech and or­gan re­gen­er­a­tion among the fields it’s es­tab­lished it­self through joint ven­tures with AI groups — In­sil­i­co and Ne­tra­mark — and con­trol­ling in­ter­ests in AgeX and Ly­Ge­n­e­sis.

The goal, founder and chair­man Mel­lon said back then, is to have 18 projects un­der­way by the end of the year.

Look for two or three of them to be an­nounced over the next few weeks, Bai­ley said, not­ing that there should al­so be three or four let­ters of in­tent go­ing out short­ly.


With ad­di­tion­al re­port­ing by Na­tal­ie Grover.

2023 Spot­light on the Fu­ture of Drug De­vel­op­ment for Small and Mid-Sized Biotechs

In the context of today’s global economic environment, there is an increasing need to work smarter, faster and leaner across all facets of the life sciences industry.  This is particularly true for small and mid-sized biotech companies, many of which are facing declining valuations and competing for increasingly limited funding to propel their science forward.  It is important to recognize that within this framework, many of these smaller companies already find themselves resource-challenged to design and manage clinical studies themselves because they don’t have large teams or in-house experts in navigating the various aspects of the drug development journey. This can be particularly challenging for the most complex and difficult to treat diseases where no previous pathway exists and patients are urgently awaiting breakthroughs.

Christian Itin, Autolus CEO (UKBIO19)

Au­to­lus tips its hand, bags $220M as CAR-T show­down with Gilead looms

The first batch of pivotal data on Autolus Therapeutics’ CAR-T is in, and execs are ready to plot a path to market.

With an overall remission rate of 70% at the interim analysis featuring 50 patients, the results set the stage for a BLA filing by the end of 2023, said CEO Christian Itin.

Perhaps more importantly — given that Autolus’ drug, obe-cel, is going after an indication that Gilead’s Tecartus is already approved for — the biotech highlighted “encouraging safety data” in the trial, with a low percentage of patients experiencing severe immune responses.

Dipal Doshi, Entrada Therapeutics CEO

Ver­tex just found the next big ‘trans­for­ma­tive’ thing for the pipeline — at a biotech just down the street

Back in the summer of 2019, when I was covering Vertex’s executive chairman Jeff Leiden’s plans for the pipeline, I picked up on a distinct focus on myotonic dystrophy Type I, or DM1 — one of what Leiden called “two diseases (with DMD) we’re interested in and we continue to look for those assets.”

Today, Leiden’s successor at the helm of Vertex, CEO Reshma Kewalramani, is plunking down $250 million in cash to go the extra mile on DM1. The lion’s share of that is for the upfront, with a small reserve for equity in a deal that lines Vertex up with a neighbor in Seaport that has been rather quietly going at both of Vertex’s early disease targets with preclinical assets.

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WIB22: Am­ber Salz­man had few op­tions when her son was di­ag­nosed with a rare ge­net­ic dis­ease. So she cre­at­ed a bet­ter one

This profile is part of Endpoints News’ 2022 special report about Women in Biopharma R&D. You can read the full report here.

Amber Salzman’s life changed on a cold, damp day in Paris over tiny plastic cups of lukewarm tea.

She was meeting with Patrick Aubourg, a French neurologist studying adrenoleukodystrophy, or ALD, a rare genetic condition that causes rapid neurological decline in young boys. It’s a sinister disease that often leads to disability or death within just a few years. Salzman’s nephew was diagnosed at just 6 or 7 years old, and died at the age of 12.

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Ahead of ad­comm, FDA rais­es un­cer­tain­ties on ben­e­fit-risk pro­file of Cy­to­ki­net­ic­s' po­ten­tial heart drug

The FDA’s Cardiovascular and Renal Drugs Advisory Committee will meet next Tuesday to discuss whether Cytokinetics’ potential heart drug can safely reduce the risk of cardiovascular death and heart failure in patients with symptomatic chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.

The drug, known as omecamtiv mecarbil and in development for more than 15 years, has seen mixed results, with a first Phase III readout from November 2020 hitting the primary endpoint of reducing the odds of hospitalization or other urgent care for heart failure by 8%. But it also missed a key secondary endpoint analysts had pegged as key to breaking into the market.

Ab­b­Vie slapped with age dis­crim­i­na­tion law­suit, fol­low­ing oth­er phar­mas

Add AbbVie to the list of pharma companies currently facing age discrimination allegations.

Pennsylvania resident Thomas Hesch filed suit against AbbVie on Wednesday, accusing the company of passing him over for promotions in favor of younger candidates.

Despite 30 years of pharma experience, “Hesch has consistently seen younger, less qualified employees promoted over him,” the complaint states.

Rami Elghandour, Arcellx CEO

Up­dat­ed: Gilead, Ar­cel­lx team up on an­ti-BC­MA CAR-T as biotech touts a 100% re­sponse rate at #ASH22

Gilead and Kite are plunking down big cash to get into the anti-BCMA CAR-T game.

The pair will shell out $225 million in cash upfront and $100 million in equity to Arcellx, Kite announced Friday morning, to develop the biotech’s lead CAR-T program together. Kite will handle commercialization and co-development with Arcellx, and profits in the US will be split 50-50.

Concurrent with the deal, Arcellx revealed its latest cut of data for the program known as CART-ddBCMA, ahead of a full presentation at this weekend’s ASH conference — a 100% response rate among patients getting the therapy. Investors jumped at the dual announcements, sending Arcellx shares $ACLX up more than 25% in Friday’s morning session.

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WIB22: Lead­ing NK cell re­searcher re­flects on roots in Iran, the UK and Texas

This profile is part of Endpoints News’ 2022 special report about Women in Biopharma R&D. You can read the full report here.

In a small but widely-cited 11-person study published in NEJM in 2020, seven patients saw signs of their cancer completely go away after getting a new therapy made from natural killer cells. The study was one of the earliest to provide clinical proof that the experimental treatment method had promise.

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WIB22: Chas­ing af­ter ever-evolv­ing sci­ence takes a drug hunter across the pond

This profile is part of Endpoints News’ 2022 special report about Women in Biopharma R&D. You can read the full report here.

Like many scientists, Fiona Marshall would tell you that she loved the natural world growing up — going to look at crabs running around the beach near her childhood home, pondering about the tides. But one thing about biology, in particular, stood out: It was constantly changing, and changing very quickly.

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