Luis Voloch and Noam Solomon (Immunai)

Stan­ford, Park­er In­sti­tute sci­en­tists team up with two young en­gi­neers in $20M AI play with an im­munol­o­gy fo­cus

Al­most a year ago, a group of sci­en­tists at Stan­ford and the Park­er In­sti­tute for Can­cer Im­munother­a­py pub­lished a pa­per in Na­ture Med­i­cine that chal­lenged a com­mon as­sump­tion about where tu­mor fight­ing cells come from: While re­searchers had thought that the role of check­point block­ade was to rein­vig­o­rate T cells al­ready present in the tu­mor, they sug­gest­ed that the vast ma­jor­i­ty ac­tu­al­ly didn’t come from the tu­mor sites at all.

An­su Sat­pa­thy

The find­ing was made pos­si­ble by sin­gle-cell RNA se­quenc­ing tech­nol­o­gy, which cap­tured tens of thou­sands of cells over time and re­vealed that the army of ac­tive T cells could be found in the blood­stream.

Two re­searchers on the team — Stan­ford pathol­o­gy pro­fes­sor An­su Sat­pa­thy and PI­CI se­nior da­ta sci­en­tist Dan­ny Wells — had been ad­vis­ing an AI start­up with a can­cer fo­cus. But with­in a few months, they jumped on board Im­mu­nai as found­ing sci­en­tists and steered it to­ward a slight­ly dif­fer­ent di­rec­tion, one tied close­ly with the T cell work.

By build­ing an end-to-end plat­form from sam­ple pro­cess­ing to data­base as­sem­bly to da­ta min­ing for bi­o­log­i­cal in­sights, Im­mu­nai’s ul­ti­mate goal is to map out the en­tire im­mune sys­tem, co-founder and CEO Noam Solomon told End­points News.

The com­pa­ny is now emerg­ing from stealth with $20 mil­lion in a seed round led by Vi­o­la Group and TLV Part­ners.

Solomon was a post­doc at MIT when his friend and even­tu­al busi­ness part­ner, Luis Voloch, got him ex­cit­ed about tran­si­tion­ing from tech to biotech — or tech­bio as they would call it. Voloch, who cut his teeth in ma­chine learn­ing at Palan­tir, is now the chief tech­nol­o­gy of­fi­cer of Im­mu­nai.

Dan­ny Wells

They were par­tic­u­lar­ly fas­ci­nat­ed with the com­pu­ta­tion­al con­cept of trans­fer learn­ing, which al­lows one to ap­ply knowl­edge in one area (such as au­toim­mune dis­eases) to an­oth­er (such as can­cer im­munother­a­py).

“That’s why it’s im­por­tant for us to un­der­stand the im­mune sys­tem from the top down,” Voloch said. “It’s on­ly when you look at all these things at once that you can re­al­ly un­der­stand the in­ter­play be­tween these dif­fer­ent cell types and the dif­fer­ent func­tions that these cell types have in dif­fer­ent sce­nar­ios.”

For phar­ma part­ners with check­point drugs and cell ther­a­pies in de­vel­op­ment, Im­mu­nai promis­es to an­swer ques­tions about how com­bos might act to­geth­er on dif­fer­ent cells — with an eye for new bio­mark­ers and tar­gets. When it comes to CAR-T and oth­er TCR ther­a­pies, Voloch said, the team can al­so pro­file the drug be­fore in­fu­sion, track­ing per­for­mance by sub­pop­u­la­tion.

“Our first en­deav­or is to un­der­stand mech­a­nisms of the im­mune sys­tem,” Solomon con­clud­ed.

Un­like some of the oth­er AI shops that have popped up in bio­phar­ma, Im­mu­nai is cer­tain it will not step in­to its own drug dis­cov­ery and de­vel­op­ment. Rather, its 30-strong work­force in Tel Aviv, New York and San Fran­cis­co will de­vote all their at­ten­tion to play­ing as­sist in the bio­phar­ma world. Be­yond the ini­tial ap­pli­ca­tions in can­cer, it al­so sees a fu­ture in every­thing from in­fec­tious dis­ease to Alzheimer’s.

“To each dis­ease there is an im­mune com­po­nent,” Solomon added. “Build­ing this wide data­base, this pan-im­mune data­base, we will be able to de­code this com­po­nent.”

5AM Ven­tures: Fu­el­ing the Next Gen­er­a­tion of In­no­va­tors

By RBC Capital Markets
With Andy Schwab, Co-Founder and Managing Partner at 5AM Ventures

Key Points

Prescription Digital Therapeutics, cell therapy technologies, and in silico medicines will be a vital part of future treatment modalities.
Unlocking the potential of the microbiome could be the missing link to better disease diagnosis.
Growing links between academia, industry, and venture capital are spinning out more innovative biotech companies.
Biotech is now seen by investors as a growth space as well as a safe haven, fuelling the recent IPO boom.

Hal Barron, GSK via YouTube

What does $29B buy you in Big Phar­ma? In Glax­o­SmithK­line’s case, a whole lot of un­com­fort­able ques­tions about the pipeline

Talk about your bad timing.

A little over a week ago, GSK R&D chief Hal Barron marked his third anniversary at the research helm by taking a turn at the virtual podium during JP Morgan to make the case that he and his team had built a valuable late-stage pipeline capable of churning out more than 10 blockbusters in the next 5 years.

And then, just days later, one of the cancer drugs he bet big on as a top prospect — bintrafusp, partnered with Merck KGaA — failed its first pivotal test in non-small cell lung cancer.

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Janet Woodcock (AP Images)

End­points poll: Janet Wood­cock takes the (in­ter­im) helm at the FDA. And a large ma­jor­i­ty of our read­ers want her to stay there

It’s official: Janet Woodcock is now the acting chief of the FDA.

And — according to an Endpoints poll — most industry readers would like her to stay there, although a significant minority is strongly opposed.

To recap: Joe Biden is reportedly choosing between Woodcock and former deputy FDA commissioner Joshua Sharfstein as his nominee for the permanent position. Given their respective track records, the decision is set to determine the agency’s lodestar for years to come.

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An Endpoints Zoom meeting; and the email header employees will see if your company is a Premium subscriber

What’s next for End­points — and how to sup­port our in­de­pen­dent bio­phar­ma news mis­sion

The firehose of biopharma news is gushing these days.

That’s why broader and deeper is the theme for 2021 at Endpoints. You can expect new coverage outside our core R&D focus, with deeper reporting in some key areas. When John Carroll and I launched Endpoints nearly five years ago, we were wading in waist-high waters. Now we’re a team of 25 full-time staffers (and growing) with plans to cover the flood of biopharma news, Endpoints-style.

Janet Woodcock and Joshua Sharfstein (AP, Images)

Poll: Should Joshua Sharf­stein or Janet Wood­cock lead the FDA from here?

It’s time for a new FDA commissioner to come on board, a rite of passage for Joe Biden’s administration that should help seal the new president’s rep on seeking out the experts to lead the government over the next 4 years.

As of now, the competition for the top job appears to have narrowed down to 2 people: The longtime CDER chief Janet Woodcock and Joshua Sharfstein, the former principal deputy at the FDA under Peggy Hamburg. Both were appointed by Barack Obama.

Fast on Glax­o­SmithK­line's heels, Au­rinia wins OK to steer a sec­ond lu­pus nephri­tis drug straight to the mar­ket

GlaxoSmithKline’s Benlysta isn’t alone in the small circle of approved lupus nephritis drugs anymore.

Little Aurinia Pharmaceuticals has gotten the green light from the FDA to start marketing its first and only program, voclosporin, under the brand name Lupkynis — something CEO Peter Greenleaf says it’s been ready to do since December.

Regulators went right down to the wire on the decision, keeping the company and the entire salesforce it’s already assembled on its toes.

Charlie Fuchs, Roche and Genentech global head of product development for oncology and hematology (Yale Cancer Center)

Yale can­cer spe­cial­ist Char­lie Fuchs tapped as new glob­al de­vel­op­ment chief for Roche/Genen­tech

Roche and their big sub Genentech have just recruited a top cancer specialist at Yale to head up global product development in oncology and hematology.

I just got word that the pharma giant, which leads one of the most active cancer research operations in the world, recruited Charlie Fuchs, director of the Yale Cancer Center and physician-in-chief of Smilow Cancer Hospital. He’ll join the global operation March 1 and will be based in South San Francisco, where Genentech is based.

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Jonathan Weissman (MIT)

Can a new CRISPR tech­nique un­lock the se­crets of how can­cer spreads?

Jonathan Weissman’s team watched the cancer cells spread across the doomed mouse. Engineered with a bioluminescent enzyme, they appeared in scans first as a small navy blue diamond lodged near the heart; a week later, as a triangle splayed across the mouse’s upper body, with streaks of green and two distinct bright red hubs of activity. By day 54, the mouse resembled a lava lamp.

The images would have been familiar to any cancer biologist, but they didn’t actually tell you much about what was going on: why the cancer was metastasizing or which cells were responsible. For that, Weissman’s team had designed a new tool. Inside the original navy blue diamond, they had engineered the microbiological equivalent of an airplane’s black box — a “molecular recorder” that, after the mouse’s death, could allow them to extract the cells and wind back intimate footage of a single cancer’s ascent.

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Kimberly Smith, ViiV R&D chief (ViiV Healthcare)

Af­ter sting­ing FDA set­back, Glax­o­SmithK­line's Vi­iV fi­nal­ly notch­es US ap­proval for long-act­ing HIV in­jec­tion

GlaxoSmithKline’s HIV unit ViiV was dealt a stinging loss back in late 2019 when the FDA slammed the brakes on its application for a once-monthly injection based on manufacturing issues. Now, with that roadblock in the rearview, ViiV has finally made good on its promise to change the HIV game.

The FDA on Thursday approved ViiV’s Cabenuva (cabotegravir and rilpivirine) as a long acting, once-monthly therapy for HIV-positive adults who are virologically suppressed and on a stable antiviral regimen.