The FDA is get­ting its hands on a ‘hu­man em­u­la­tion sys­tem,’ and Em­u­late hopes they nev­er let go

The fu­ture for the or­gans-on-chips in­dus­try will de­pend to a large ex­tent on the FDA’s abil­i­ty to un­der­stand how it works as well as its prac­ti­cal, near-term po­ten­tial for re­plac­ing an­i­mals in pre­clin­i­cal re­search as the sys­tem evolves. And now reg­u­la­tors are about to get some hands-on ex­pe­ri­ence with a col­lab­o­ra­tive ef­fort to build a hu­man em­u­la­tion sys­tem in­side the agency.

The FDA has agreed to work with Em­u­late, a spin­off of the Wyss In­sti­tute which has been de­vel­op­ing and im­prov­ing on the in­dus­try stan­dard in the field, snag­ging part­ner­ships with the likes of Mer­ck and J&J. The work will be done un­der a Co­op­er­a­tive Re­search and De­vel­op­ment Agree­ment (CRA­DA), cre­at­ing a plat­form for tox test­ing for prod­ucts like foods, di­etary test­ing and cos­met­ics.

“The fo­cus is to as­sess the sys­tem’s ca­pa­bil­i­ty,” says Geral­dine Hamil­ton, pres­i­dent and CSO, “putting the chips, soft­ware and in­stru­men­ta­tion in the hands of FDA re­searchers, so they can bet­ter un­der­stand its po­ten­tial in sur­pass­ing an­i­mals for this kind of work.”

The agree­ment calls for a full-time com­mit­ment of five staffers at the FDA for three years, with a sim­i­lar com­mit­ment com­ing from Em­u­late.

This part­ner­ship isn’t about re­plac­ing an­i­mals for tox­i­col­o­gy stud­ies in pre­clin­i­cal drug re­search, but when I sug­gest­ed that would be the ul­ti­mate goal for where the col­lab­o­ra­tion could be head­ed, giv­ing the FDA more con­fi­dence in its ap­pli­ca­tions, she quick­ly con­curred.

“That is ex­act­ly the pur­pose,” says Hamil­ton.

The tech al­so isn’t ex­act­ly brand new to the FDA.

“Suzanne Fitz­patrick, se­nior ad­vi­sor for tox­i­col­o­gy at the FDA,” adds the CSO, “has been in­volved in col­lab­o­ra­tive re­search ef­forts since the time the tech­nol­o­gy was un­der de­vel­op­ment at the Wyss In­sti­tute at Har­vard.” But it is a big step for­ward.

“This is the start­ing point,” says Hamil­ton. “We are al­ready do­ing sim­i­lar ef­forts with in­dus­try part­ners, in the food in­dus­try, on very sim­i­lar col­lab­o­ra­tions.”

Fitz­patrick had this to say in a blog post to­day:

In some ways, sci­ence is like a recipe in that both can go through a num­ber of in­car­na­tions be­fore they work. There’s a lot of ex­per­i­ment­ing and tweak­ing, col­lab­o­rat­ing and com­par­ing. And that’s what we’ll be do­ing at FDA with the or­gans-on-chips re­search. Sci­ence is the foun­da­tion of FDA’s de­ci­sions but many peo­ple don’t re­al­ize how much sci­en­tif­ic re­search is con­duct­ed by the agency. We’re ex­cit­ed to be at the fore­front of this ground-break­ing re­search, which may one day be rou­tine­ly used to safe­guard pub­lic health.

Birthing a new tech­nol­o­gy is no quick or easy prospect. But Em­u­late is mak­ing mea­sur­able progress and plans on more high-pro­file part­ner­ships lat­er in the year.

Fangliang Zhang, AP Images

UP­DAT­ED: Leg­end fetch­es $424 mil­lion, emerges as biggest win­ner yet in pan­dem­ic IPO boom as shares soar

Amid a flurry of splashy pandemic IPOs, a J&J-partnered Chinese biotech has emerged with one of the largest public raises in biotech history.

Legend Biotech, the Nanjing-based CAR-T developer, has raised $424 million on NASDAQ. The biotech had originally filed for a still-hefty $350 million, based on a range of $18-$20, but managed to fetch $23 per share, allowing them to well-eclipse the massive raises from companies like Allogene, Juno, Galapagos, though they’ll still fall a few dollars short of Moderna’s record-setting $600 million raise from 2018.

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As it hap­pened: A bid­ding war for an an­tibi­ot­ic mak­er in a mar­ket that has rav­aged its peers

In a bewildering twist to the long-suffering market for antibiotics — there has actually been a bidding war for an antibiotic company: Tetraphase.

It all started back in March, when the maker of Xerava (an FDA approved therapy for complicated intra-abdominal infections) said it had received an offer from AcelRx for an all-stock deal valued at $14.4 million.

The offer was well-timed. Xerava was approved in 2018, four years after Tetraphase posted its first batch of pivotal trial data, and sales were nowhere near where they needed to be in order for the company to keep its head above water.

Is a pow­er­house Mer­ck team prepar­ing to leap past Roche — and leave Gilead and Bris­tol My­ers be­hind — in the race to TIG­IT dom­i­na­tion?

Roche caused quite a stir at ASCO with its first look at some positive — but not so impressive — data for their combination of Tecentriq with their anti-TIGIT drug tiragolumab. But some analysts believe that Merck is positioned to make a bid — soon — for the lead in the race to a second-wave combo immuno-oncology approach with its own ambitious early-stage program tied to a dominant Keytruda.

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GSK presents case to ex­pand use of its lu­pus drug in pa­tients with kid­ney dis­ease, but the field is evolv­ing. How long will the mo­nop­oly last?

In 2011, GlaxoSmithKline’s Benlysta became the first biologic to win approval for lupus patients. Nine years on, the British drugmaker has unveiled detailed positive results from a study testing the drug in lupus patients with associated kidney disease — a post-marketing requirement from the initial FDA approval.

Lupus is a drug developer’s nightmare. In the last six decades, there has been just one FDA approval (Benlysta), with the field resembling a graveyard in recent years with a string of failures including UCB and Biogen’s late-stage flop, as well as defeats in Xencor and Sanofi’s programs. One of the main reasons the success has eluded researchers is because lupus, akin to cancer, is not just one disease — it really is a disease of many diseases, noted Al Roy, executive director of Lupus Clinical Investigators Network, an initiative of New York-based Lupus Research Alliance that claims it is the world’s leading private funder of lupus research, in an interview.

Drug man­u­fac­tur­ing gi­ant Lon­za taps Roche/phar­ma ‘rein­ven­tion’ vet as its new CEO

Lonza chairman Albert Baehny took his time headhunting a new CEO for the company, making it absolutely clear he wanted a Big Pharma or biotech CEO with a good long track record in the business for the top spot. In the end, he went with the gold standard, turning to Roche’s ranks to recruit Pierre-Alain Ruffieux for the job.

Ruffieux, a member of the pharma leadership team at Roche, spent close to 5 years at the company. But like a small army of manufacturing execs, he gained much of his experience at the other Big Pharma in Basel, remaining at Novartis for 12 years before expanding his horizons.

Leen Kawas, Athira CEO (Athira)

Can a small biotech suc­cess­ful­ly tack­le an Ever­est climb like Alzheimer’s? Athi­ra has $85M and some in­flu­en­tial back­ers ready to give it a shot

There haven’t been a lot of big venture rounds for biotech companies looking to run a Phase II study in Alzheimer’s.

The field has been a disaster over the past decade. Amyloid didn’t pan out as a target — going down in a litany of Phase III failures — and is now making its last stand at Biogen. Tau is a comer, but when you look around and all you see is destruction, the idea of backing a startup trying to find complex cocktails to swing the course of this devilishly complicated memory-wasting disease would daunt the pluckiest investors.

Covid-19 roundup: Ab­b­Vie jumps in­to Covid-19 an­ti­body hunt; As­traZeneca shoots for 2B dos­es of Ox­ford vac­cine — with $750M from CEPI, Gavi

Another Big Pharma is entering the Covid-19 antibody hunt.

AbbVie has announced a collaboration with the Netherlands’ Utrecht University and Erasmus Medical Center and the Chinese-Dutch biotech Harbour Biomed to develop a neutralizing antibody that can treat Covid-19. The antibody, called 47D11, was discovered by AbbVie’s three partners, and AbbVie will support early preclinical work, while preparing for later preclinical and clinical development. Researchers described the antibody in Nature Communications last month.

President Donald Trump (left) and Moncef Slaoui, head of Operation Warp Speed (Alex Brandon, AP Images)

UP­DAT­ED: White House names fi­nal­ists for Op­er­a­tion Warp Speed — with 5 ex­pect­ed names and one no­table omis­sion

A month after word first broke of the Trump Administration’s plan to rapidly accelerate the development and production of a Covid-19 vaccine, the White House has selected the five vaccine candidates they consider most likely to succeed, The New York Times reported.

Most of the names in the plan, known as Operation Warp Speed, will come as little surprise to those who have watched the last four months of vaccine developments: Moderna, which was the first vaccine to reach humans and is now the furthest along of any US effort; J&J, which has not gone into trials but received around $500 million in funding from BARDA earlier this year; the joint AstraZeneca-Oxford venture which was granted $1.2 billion from BARDA two weeks ago; Pfizer, which has been working with the mRNA biotech BioNTech; and Merck, which just entered the race and expects to put their two vaccine candidates into humans later this year.

Pfiz­er’s Doug Gior­dano has $500M — and some ad­vice — to of­fer a cer­tain breed of 'break­through' biotech

So let’s say you’re running a cutting-edge, clinical-stage biotech, probably public, but not necessarily so, which could see some big advantages teaming up with some marquee researchers, picking up say $50 million to $75 million dollars in a non-threatening minority equity investment that could take you to the next level.

Doug Giordano might have some thoughts on how that could work out.

The SVP of business development at the pharma giant has helped forge a new fund called the Pfizer Breakthrough Growth Initiative. And he has $500 million of Pfizer’s money to put behind 7 to 10 — or so — biotech stocks that fit that general description.

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